Endophytes of Withania somnifera modulate in planta content and the site of withanolide biosynthesis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-04-03

AUTHORS

Shiv S. Pandey, Sucheta Singh, Harshita Pandey, Madhumita Srivastava, Tania Ray, Sumit Soni, Alok Pandey, Karuna Shanker, C. S. Vivek Babu, Suchitra Banerjee, M. M. Gupta, Alok Kalra

ABSTRACT

Tissue specific biosynthesis of secondary metabolites is a distinguished feature of medicinal plants. Withania somnifera, source of pharmaceutically important withanolides biosynthesizes withaferin-A in leaves and withanolide-A in roots. To increase the in planta withanolides production, a sustainable approach needs to be explored. Here, we isolated endophytes from different parts of W. somnifera plants and their promising role in in planta withanolide biosynthesis was established in both in-vivo grown as well in in-vitro raised composite W. somnifera plants. Overall, the fungal endophytes improved photosynthesis, plant growth and biomass, and the root-associated bacterial endophytes enhanced the withanolide content in both in-vivo and in-vitro grown plants by modulating the expression of withanolide biosynthesis genes in leaves and roots. Surprisingly, a few indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-producing and nitrogen-fixing root-associated endophytes could induce the biosynthesis of withaferin-A in roots by inducing in planta IAA-production and upregulating the expression of withanolide biosynthesis genes especially MEP-pathway genes (DXS and DXR) in roots as well. Results indicate the role of endophytes in modulating the synthesis and site of withanolides production and the selected endophytes can be used for enhancing the in planta withanolide production and enriching roots with pharmaceutically important withaferin-A which is generally absent in roots. More... »

PAGES

5450

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-23716-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23716-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101853022

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29615668


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