Mechanical complications and outcomes following invasive emergency procedures in severely injured trauma patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-03-05

AUTHORS

Manuel F. Struck, Johannes K. M. Fakler, Michael Bernhard, Thilo Busch, Patrick Stumpp, Gunther Hempel, André Beilicke, Sebastian N. Stehr, Christoph Josten, Hermann Wrigge

ABSTRACT

This study aimes to determine the complication rates, possible risk factors and outcomes of emergency procedures performed during resuscitation of severely injured patients. The medical records of patients with an injury severity score (ISS) >15 admitted to the University Hospital Leipzig from 2010 to 2015 were reviewed. Within the first 24 hours of treatment, 526 patients had an overall mechanical complication rate of 26.2%. Multivariate analysis revealed out-of-hospital airway management (OR 3.140; 95% CI 1.963–5.023; p < 0.001) and ISS (per ISS point: OR 1.024; 95% CI 1.003–1.045; p = 0.027) as independent predictors of any mechanical complications. Airway management complications (13.2%) and central venous catheter complications (11.4%) were associated with ISS >32.5 (p < 0.001) and ISS >33.5 (p = 0.005), respectively. Chest tube complications (15.8%) were associated with out-of-hospital insertion (p = 0.002) and out-of-hospital tracheal intubation (p = 0.033). Arterial line complications (9.4%) were associated with admission serum lactate >4.95 mmol/L (p = 0.001) and base excess <−4.05 mmol/L (p = 0.008). In multivariate analysis, complications were associated with an increased length of stay in the intensive care unit (p = 0.019) but not with 24 hour mortality (p = 0.930). Increasing injury severity may contribute to higher complexity of the individual emergency treatment and is thus associated with higher mechanical complication rates providing potential for further harm. More... »

PAGES

3976

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-22457-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-22457-9

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101244922

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29507415


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