REM sleep respiratory behaviours match mental content in narcoleptic lucid dreamers View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-02-08

AUTHORS

Delphine Oudiette, Pauline Dodet, Nahema Ledard, Emilie Artru, Inès Rachidi, Thomas Similowski, Isabelle Arnulf

ABSTRACT

Breathing is irregular during rapid eye-movement (REM) sleep, whereas it is stable during non-REM sleep. Why this is so remains a mystery. We propose that irregular breathing has a cortical origin and reflects the mental content of dreams, which often accompany REM sleep. We tested 21 patients with narcolepsy who had the exceptional ability to lucid dream in REM sleep, a condition in which one is conscious of dreaming during the dream and can signal lucidity with an ocular code. Sleep and respiration were monitored during multiple naps. Participants were instructed to modify their dream scenario so that it involved vocalizations or an apnoea, -two behaviours that require a cortical control of ventilation when executed during wakefulness. Most participants (86%) were able to signal lucidity in at least one nap. In 50% of the lucid naps, we found a clear congruence between the dream report (e.g., diving under water) and the observed respiratory behaviour (e.g., central apnoea) and, in several cases, a preparatory breath before the respiratory behaviour. This suggests that the cortico-subcortical networks involved in voluntary respiratory movements are preserved during REM sleep and that breathing irregularities during this stage have a cortical/subcortical origin that reflects dream content. More... »

PAGES

2636

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2009-12-28. Periaqueductal Gray Control of Breathing in NEW FRONTIERS IN RESPIRATORY CONTROL
  • 2008-10-09. Functional role of the supplementary and pre-supplementary motor areas in NATURE REVIEWS NEUROSCIENCE
  • 2003-10-03. Cardioventilatory changes induced by mentally imaged rowing in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-21067-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-21067-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100796106

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29422603


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