Loss-of-function uORF mutations in human malignancies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Julia Schulz, Nancy Mah, Martin Neuenschwander, Tabea Kischka, Richard Ratei, Peter M. Schlag, Esmeralda Castaños-Vélez, Iduna Fichtner, Per-Ulf Tunn, Carsten Denkert, Oliver Klaas, Wolfgang E. Berdel, Jens P. von Kries, Wojciech Makalowski, Miguel A. Andrade-Navarro, Achim Leutz, Klaus Wethmar

ABSTRACT

Ribosome profiling revealed widespread translational activity at upstream open reading frames (uORFs) and validated uORF-mediated translational control as a commonly repressive mechanism of gene expression. Translational activation of proto-oncogenes through loss-of-uORF mutations has been demonstrated, yet a systematic search for cancer-associated genetic alterations in uORFs is lacking. Here, we applied a PCR-based, multiplex identifier-tagged deep sequencing approach to screen 404 uORF translation initiation sites of 83 human tyrosine kinases and 49 other proto-oncogenes in 308 human malignancies. We identified loss-of-function uORF mutations in EPHB1 in two samples derived from breast and colon cancer, and in MAP2K6 in a sample of colon adenocarcinoma. Both mutations were associated with enhanced translation, suggesting that loss-of-uORF-mediated translational induction of the downstream main protein coding sequence may have contributed to carcinogenesis. Computational analysis of whole exome sequencing datasets of 464 colon adenocarcinomas subsequently revealed another 53 non-recurrent somatic mutations functionally deleting 22 uORF initiation and 31 uORF termination codons, respectively. These data provide evidence for somatic mutations affecting uORF initiation and termination codons in human cancer. The insufficient coverage of uORF regions in current whole exome sequencing datasets demands for future genome-wide analyses to ultimately define the contribution of uORF-mediated translational deregulation in oncogenesis. More... »

PAGES

2395

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-018-19201-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-19201-8

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100726905

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29402903


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