Role of subcortical structures on cognitive and social function in schizophrenia View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Daisuke Koshiyama, Masaki Fukunaga, Naohiro Okada, Fumio Yamashita, Hidenaga Yamamori, Yuka Yasuda, Michiko Fujimoto, Kazutaka Ohi, Haruo Fujino, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Kiyoto Kasai, Ryota Hashimoto

ABSTRACT

Subcortical regions have a pivotal role in cognitive, affective, and social functions in humans, and the structural and functional abnormalities of the regions have been associated with various psychiatric disorders. Although previous studies focused on the neurocognitive and socio-functional consequences of prefrontal and tempolo-limbic abnormalities in psychiatric disorders, those of subcortical structures remain largely unknown. Recently, MRI volume alterations in subcortical structures in patients with schizophrenia have been replicated in large-scale meta-analytic studies. Here we investigated the relationship between volumes of subcortical structures and neurocognitive and socio-functional indices in a large sample of patients with schizophrenia. First, we replicated the results of meta-analyses: the regional volumes of the bilateral hippocampus, amygdala, thalamus and nucleus accumbens were significantly smaller for patients (N = 163) than for healthy controls (HCs, N = 620). Second, in the patient group, the right nucleus accumbens volume was significantly correlated with the Digit Symbol Coding score, which is known as a distinctively characteristic index of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. Furthermore, the right thalamic volume was significantly correlated with social function scores. In HCs, no significant correlation was found. The results from this large-scale investigation shed light upon the role of specific subcortical nuclei on cognitive and social functioning in schizophrenia. More... »

PAGES

1183

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-017-18950-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-18950-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100406229

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29352126


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