Primed primary metabolism in systemic leaves: a functional systems analysis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-01-09

AUTHORS

Jens Schwachtje, Axel Fischer, Alexander Erban, Joachim Kopka

ABSTRACT

Plants evolved mechanisms to counteract bacterial infection by preparing yet uninfected systemic tissues for an enhanced defense response, so-called systemic acquired resistance or priming responses. Primed leaves express a wide range of genes that enhance the defense response once an infection takes place. While hormone-driven defense signalling and defensive metabolites have been well studied, less focus has been set on the reorganization of primary metabolism in systemic leaves. Since primary metabolism plays an essential role during defense to provide energy and chemical building blocks, we investigated changes in primary metabolism at RNA and metabolite levels in systemic leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana plants that were locally infected with Pseudomonas syringae. Known defense genes were still activated 3–4 days after infection. Also primary metabolism was significantly altered. Nitrogen (N)-metabolism and content of amino acids and other N-containing metabolites were significantly reduced, whereas the organic acids fumarate and malate were strongly increased. We suggest that reduction of N-metabolites in systemic leaves primes defense against bacterial infection by reducing the nutritional value of systemic tissue. Increased organic acids serve as quickly available metabolic resources of energy and carbon-building blocks for the production of defense metabolites during subsequent secondary infections. More... »

PAGES

216

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-017-18397-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-18397-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100179072

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29317679


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