High flux water purification using aluminium hydroxide hydrate gels View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Ali Malekizadeh, Peer M. Schenk

ABSTRACT

Filtration of aqueous liquids has wide implications, for example for provision of clean drinking water. Nevertheless, many people still lack access to safe water and suffer from preventable water-borne microbial diseases. This study reports a new ultrafiltration-range separation technology using a gelatinous layer of aluminium hydroxide polyhydrate as a secondary membrane on a retaining fabric that enables simple and cost-effective production of filtered water. Properties include at least 4-fold higher flux rates than currently available membranes, pressure-resistance, impenetrability to filtered particles, easy cleaning by backwashing and simple, cost-effective replacement by gel injection. Depending on the substrate, filtration is achieved through a packed bed of 1-2 nm hydrate gel globules, partly by mechanical straining with a size exclusion of approx. 10 nm and partly by physical adsorption. As a result, filtration of water (e.g. turbid river water) contaminated with colloids and microorganisms, including viruses, yields clear water that is free of measurable particles or detectable microorganisms. However, small water-soluble molecules (salts, sugars, proteins) remain in the filtrate. The findings demonstrate the potential for wide applicability of hydrate gels in high-flux and low-cost water purification devices. More... »

PAGES

17437

Journal

TITLE

Scientific Reports

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

7

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-017-17741-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-17741-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099597432

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29234081


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