Effects of long-term aspirin use on molecular alterations in precancerous gastric mucosa in patients with and without gastric cancer View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-10-17

AUTHORS

Yuki Michigami, Jiro Watari, Chiyomi Ito, Ken Hara, Takahisa Yamasaki, Takashi Kondo, Tomoaki Kono, Katsuyuki Tozawa, Toshihiko Tomita, Tadayuki Oshima, Hirokazu Fukui, Takeshi Morimoto, Kiron M. Das, Hiroto Miwa

ABSTRACT

The risk of gastric cancer (GC) remains even after H. pylori eradication; thus, other combination treatments, such as chemopreventive drugs, are needed. We evaluated the effects of aspirin on genetic/epigenetic alterations in precancerous conditions, i.e., atrophic mucosa (AM) and intestinal metaplasia (IM), in patients with chronic gastritis who had taken aspirin for more than 3 years. A total of 221 biopsy specimens from 74 patients, including atrophic gastritis (AG) cases without aspirin use (control), AG cases with aspirin use (AG group), and GC cases with aspirin use (GC group), were analyzed. Aspirin use was associated with a significant reduction of CDH1 methylation in AM (OR: 0.15, 95% CI: 0.06–0.41, p = 0.0002), but was less effective in reversing the methylation that occurred in IM. Frequent hypermethylation including that of CDH1 in AM increased in the GC group compared to the AG group, and CDH1 methylation was an independent predictive marker of GC (OR: 8.50, 95% CI: 2.64–25.33, p = 0.0003). In patients with long-term aspirin use, the changes of molecular events in AM but not IM may be an important factor in the reduction of cancer incidence. In addition, methylation of the CDH1 gene in AM may be a surrogate of GC. More... »

PAGES

13384

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-017-13842-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13842-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092170430

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29042646


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