Fungal root symbionts of high-altitude vascular plants in the Himalayas View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-07-26

AUTHORS

Milan Kotilínek, Inga Hiiesalu, Jiří Košnar, Marie Šmilauerová, Petr Šmilauer, Jan Altman, Miroslav Dvorský, Martin Kopecký, Jiří Doležal

ABSTRACT

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and dark septate endophytes (DSE) form symbiotic relationships with plants influencing their productivity, diversity and ecosystem functions. Only a few studies on these fungi, however, have been conducted in extreme elevations and none over 5500 m a.s.l., although vascular plants occur up to 6150 m a.s.l. in the Himalayas. We quantified AMF and DSE in roots of 62 plant species from contrasting habitats along an elevational gradient (3400–6150 m) in the Himalayas using a combination of optical microscopy and next generation sequencing. We linked AMF and DSE communities with host plant evolutionary history, ecological preferences (elevation and habitat type) and functional traits. We detected AMF in elevations up to 5800 m, indicating it is more constrained by extreme conditions than the host plants, which ascend up to 6150 m. In contrast, DSE were found across the entire gradient up to 6150 m. AMF diversity was unimodally related to elevation and positively related to the intensity of AMF colonization. Mid-elevation steppe and alpine plants hosted more diverse AMF communities than plants from deserts and the subnival zone. Our results bring novel insights to the abiotic and biotic filters structuring AMF and DSE communities in the Himalayas. More... »

PAGES

6562

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-017-06938-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-06938-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090836413

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28747779


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