Recent increase of surface particulate matter concentrations in the Seoul Metropolitan Area, Korea View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Hyun Cheol Kim, Soontae Kim, Byeong-Uk Kim, Chun-Sil Jin, Songyou Hong, Rokjin Park, Seok-Woo Son, Changhan Bae, MinAh Bae, Chang-Keun Song, Ariel Stein

ABSTRACT

Recent changes of surface particulate matter (PM) concentration in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA), South Korea, are puzzling. The long-term trend of surface PM concentration in the SMA declined in the 2000s, but since 2012 its concentrations have tended to incline, which is coincident with frequent severe hazes in South Korea. This increase puts the Korean government's emission reduction efforts in jeopardy. This study reports that interannual variation of surface PM concentration in South Korea is closely linked with the interannual variations of wind speed. A 12-year (2004-2015) regional air quality simulation was conducted over East Asia (27-km) and over South Korea (9-km) to assess the impact of meteorology under constant anthropogenic emissions. Simulated PM concentrations show a strong negative correlation (i.e. R = -0.86) with regional wind speed, implying that reduced regional ventilation is likely associated with more stagnant conditions that cause severe pollutant episodes in South Korea. We conclude that the current PM concentration trend in South Korea is a combination of long-term decline by emission control efforts and short-term fluctuation of regional wind speed interannual variability. When the meteorology-driven variations are removed, PM concentrations in South Korea have declined continuously even after 2012. More... »

PAGES

4710

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41598-017-05092-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-05092-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090346680

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28680054


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