Targeting TFH cells in human diseases and vaccination: rationale and practice View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-11

AUTHORS

Di Yu, Lucy S. K. Walker, Zheng Liu, Michelle A. Linterman, Zhanguo Li

ABSTRACT

The identification of CD4+ T cells localizing to B cell follicles has revolutionized the knowledge of how humoral immunity is generated. Follicular helper T (TFH) cells support germinal center (GC) formation and regulate clonal selection and differentiation of memory and antibody-secreting B cells, thus controlling antibody affinity maturation and memory. TFH cells are essential in sustaining protective antibody responses necessary for pathogen clearance in infection and vaccine-mediated protection. Conversely, aberrant and excessive TFH cell responses mediate and sustain pathogenic antibodies to autoantigens, alloantigens, and allergens, facilitate lymphomagenesis, and even harbor viral reservoirs. TFH cell generation and function are determined by T cell antigen receptor (TCR), costimulation, and cytokine signals, together with specific metabolic and survival mechanisms. Such regulation is crucial to understanding disease pathogenesis and informing the development of emerging therapies for disease or novel approaches to boost vaccine efficacy. More... »

PAGES

1157-1168

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41590-022-01253-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41590-022-01253-8

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

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