A global reptile assessment highlights shared conservation needs of tetrapods View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-04-27

AUTHORS

Neil Cox, Bruce E. Young, Philip Bowles, Miguel Fernandez, Julie Marin, Giovanni Rapacciuolo, Monika Böhm, Thomas M. Brooks, S. Blair Hedges, Craig Hilton-Taylor, Michael Hoffmann, Richard K. B. Jenkins, Marcelo F. Tognelli, Graham J. Alexander, Allen Allison, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Mark Auliya, Luciano Javier Avila, David G. Chapple, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, Harold G. Cogger, Guarino R. Colli, Anslem de Silva, Carla C. Eisemberg, Johannes Els, Ansel Fong G., Tandora D. Grant, Rodney A. Hitchmough, Djoko T. Iskandar, Noriko Kidera, Marcio Martins, Shai Meiri, Nicola J. Mitchell, Sanjay Molur, Cristiano de C. Nogueira, Juan Carlos Ortiz, Johannes Penner, Anders G. J. Rhodin, Gilson A. Rivas, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Uri Roll, Kate L. Sanders, Georgina Santos-Barrera, Glenn M. Shea, Stephen Spawls, Bryan L. Stuart, Krystal A. Tolley, Jean-François Trape, Marcela A. Vidal, Philipp Wagner, Bryan P. Wallace, Yan Xie

ABSTRACT

Comprehensive assessments of species’ extinction risks have documented the extinction crisis1 and underpinned strategies for reducing those risks2. Global assessments reveal that, among tetrapods, 40.7% of amphibians, 25.4% of mammals and 13.6% of birds are threatened with extinction3. Because global assessments have been lacking, reptiles have been omitted from conservation-prioritization analyses that encompass other tetrapods4–7. Reptiles are unusually diverse in arid regions, suggesting that they may have different conservation needs6. Here we provide a comprehensive extinction-risk assessment of reptiles and show that at least 1,829 out of 10,196 species (21.1%) are threatened—confirming a previous extrapolation8 and representing 15.6 billion years of phylogenetic diversity. Reptiles are threatened by the same major factors that threaten other tetrapods—agriculture, logging, urban development and invasive species—although the threat posed by climate change remains uncertain. Reptiles inhabiting forests, where these threats are strongest, are more threatened than those in arid habitats, contrary to our prediction. Birds, mammals and amphibians are unexpectedly good surrogates for the conservation of reptiles, although threatened reptiles with the smallest ranges tend to be isolated from other threatened tetrapods. Although some reptiles—including most species of crocodiles and turtles—require urgent, targeted action to prevent extinctions, efforts to protect other tetrapods, such as habitat preservation and control of trade and invasive species, will probably also benefit many reptiles. More... »

PAGES

285-290

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Nature

    ISSUE

    7909

    VOLUME

    605

    Author Affiliations

  • Biodiversity Assessment Unit, IUCN-Conservation International, Washington, DC, USA
  • NatureServe, Arlington, VA, USA
  • Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia
  • Université Sorbonne Paris Nord, INSERM, IAME, Bobigny, France
  • Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA, USA
  • Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, London, UK
  • Institute for Marine & Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
  • Center for Biodiversity, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
  • Science & Data Centre: Biodiversity Assessment & Knowledge Team, IUCN, Cambridge, UK
  • Conservation and Policy, Zoological Society of London, London, UK
  • Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI, USA
  • Department of Herpetology, Zoological Institute, St Petersburg, Russian Federation
  • Department of Herpetology, Leibniz Institute for the Analysis of Biodiversity Change, Zoological Research Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany
  • Grupo Herpetología Patagónica (GHP-LASIBIBE), Instituto Patagónico para el Estudio de los Ecosistemas Continentales (IPEEC-CONICET), Puerto Madryn, Argentina
  • School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
  • Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Quito, Ecuador
  • Australian Museum Research Institute, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Brazil
  • South Asia Regional Office, Crocodile Specialist Group, Gampols, Sri Lanka
  • Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia
  • Environment and Protected Areas Authority, Government of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
  • Centro Oriental de Ecosistemas y Biodiversidad (BIOECO), Museo de Historia Natural “Tomás Romay”, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
  • Conservation Science & Wildlife Health, San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance, San Diego, CA, USA
  • Department of Conservation, Wellington, New Zealand
  • Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia
  • National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
  • Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • School of Zoology & the Steinhardt Museum of Natural History, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • School of Biological Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
  • Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore, India
  • Departamento de Zoología, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile
  • Museum für Naturkunde - Leibniz Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity Science, Berlin, Germany
  • Chelonian Research Foundation, Arlington, VT, USA
  • Museo de Biología, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela
  • Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel
  • University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Sydney School of Veterinary Science B01, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Section of Research & Collections, North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh, NC, USA
  • South African National Biodiversity Institute, Cape Town, South Africa
  • Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, MIVEGEC, Dakar, Senegal
  • Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad del Bío-Bío, Chillán, Chile
  • Allwetterzoo, Münster, Germany
  • Ecolibrium, Inc., Boulder, CO, USA
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41586-022-04664-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04664-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1147381915

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35477765


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