Quadrivalent influenza nanoparticle vaccines induce broad protection View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-03-24

AUTHORS

Seyhan Boyoglu-Barnum, Daniel Ellis, Rebecca A. Gillespie, Geoffrey B. Hutchinson, Young-Jun Park, Syed M. Moin, Oliver J. Acton, Rashmi Ravichandran, Mike Murphy, Deleah Pettie, Nick Matheson, Lauren Carter, Adrian Creanga, Michael J. Watson, Sally Kephart, Sila Ataca, John R. Vaile, George Ueda, Michelle C. Crank, Lance Stewart, Kelly K. Lee, Miklos Guttman, David Baker, John R. Mascola, David Veesler, Barney S. Graham, Neil P. King, Masaru Kanekiyo

ABSTRACT

Influenza vaccines that confer broad and durable protection against diverse viral strains would have a major effect on global health, as they would lessen the need for annual vaccine reformulation and immunization1. Here we show that computationally designed, two-component nanoparticle immunogens2 induce potently neutralizing and broadly protective antibody responses against a wide variety of influenza viruses. The nanoparticle immunogens contain 20 haemagglutinin glycoprotein trimers in an ordered array, and their assembly in vitro enables the precisely controlled co-display of multiple distinct haemagglutinin proteins in defined ratios. Nanoparticle immunogens that co-display the four haemagglutinins of licensed quadrivalent influenza vaccines elicited antibody responses in several animal models against vaccine-matched strains that were equivalent to or better than commercial quadrivalent influenza vaccines, and simultaneously induced broadly protective antibody responses to heterologous viruses by targeting the subdominant yet conserved haemagglutinin stem. The combination of potent receptor-blocking and cross-reactive stem-directed antibodies induced by the nanoparticle immunogens makes them attractive candidates for a supraseasonal influenza vaccine candidate with the potential to replace conventional seasonal vaccines3. More... »

PAGES

623-628

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41586-021-03365-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03365-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136618835

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33762730


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