Association of COVID-19 inflammation with activation of the C5a–C5aR1 axis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-07-29

AUTHORS

Julien Carvelli, Olivier Demaria, Frédéric Vély, Luciana Batista, Nassima Chouaki Benmansour, Joanna Fares, Sabrina Carpentier, Marie-Laure Thibult, Ariane Morel, Romain Remark, Pascale André, Agnès Represa, Christelle Piperoglou, Pierre Yves Cordier, Erwan Le Dault, Christophe Guervilly, Pierre Simeone, Marc Gainnier, Yannis Morel, Mikael Ebbo, Nicolas Schleinitz, Eric Vivier

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease caused by infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and has resulted in a pandemic1. The C5a complement factor and its receptor C5aR1 (also known as CD88) have a key role in the initiation and maintenance of several inflammatory responses by recruiting and activating neutrophils and monocytes1. Here we provide a longitudinal analysis of immune responses, including phenotypic analyses of immune cells and assessments of the soluble factors that are present in the blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients at various stages of COVID-19 severity, including those who were paucisymptomatic or had pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome. The levels of soluble C5a were increased in proportion to the severity of COVID-19 and high expression levels of C5aR1 receptors were found in blood and pulmonary myeloid cells, which supports a role for the C5a–C5aR1 axis in the pathophysiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Anti-C5aR1 therapeutic monoclonal antibodies prevented the C5a-mediated recruitment and activation of human myeloid cells, and inhibited acute lung injury in human C5aR1 knock-in mice. These results suggest that blockade of the C5a–C5aR1 axis could be used to limit the infiltration of myeloid cells in damaged organs and prevent the excessive lung inflammation and endothelialitis that are associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with COVID-19. More... »

PAGES

146-150

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41586-020-2600-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2600-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129716741

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32726800


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