Predator-induced collapse of niche structure and species coexistence View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-06-05

AUTHORS

Robert M. Pringle, Tyler R. Kartzinel, Todd M. Palmer, Timothy J. Thurman, Kena Fox-Dobbs, Charles C. Y. Xu, Matthew C. Hutchinson, Tyler C. Coverdale, Joshua H. Daskin, Dominic A. Evangelista, Kiyoko M. Gotanda, Naomi A. Man in ’t Veld, Johanna E. Wegener, Jason J. Kolbe, Thomas W. Schoener, David A. Spiller, Jonathan B. Losos, Rowan D. H. Barrett

ABSTRACT

Biological invasions are both a pressing environmental challenge and an opportunity to investigate fundamental ecological processes, such as the role of top predators in regulating biodiversity and food-web structure. In whole-ecosystem manipulations of small Caribbean islands on which brown anole lizards (Anolis sagrei) were the native top predator, we experimentally staged invasions by competitors (green anoles, Anolis smaragdinus) and/or new top predators (curly-tailed lizards, Leiocephalus carinatus). We show that curly-tailed lizards destabilized the coexistence of competing prey species, contrary to the classic idea of keystone predation. Fear-driven avoidance of predators collapsed the spatial and dietary niche structure that otherwise stabilized coexistence, which intensified interspecific competition within predator-free refuges and contributed to the extinction of green-anole populations on two islands. Moreover, whereas adding either green anoles or curly-tailed lizards lengthened food chains on the islands, adding both species reversed this effect—in part because the apex predators were trophic omnivores. Our results underscore the importance of top-down control in ecological communities, but show that its outcomes depend on prey behaviour, spatial structure, and omnivory. Diversity-enhancing effects of top predators cannot be assumed, and non-consumptive effects of predation risk may be a widespread constraint on species coexistence. More... »

PAGES

58-64

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41586-019-1264-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1264-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1116672211

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31168105


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387 grid-institutes:grid.47100.32 schema:alternateName Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
388 schema:name Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
389 Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
390 rdf:type schema:Organization
391 grid-institutes:grid.5335.0 schema:alternateName Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
392 schema:name Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
393 Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
394 Redpath Museum, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
395 rdf:type schema:Organization
396 grid-institutes:grid.5386.8 schema:alternateName Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
397 schema:name Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
398 Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
399 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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