Anaerobic oxidation of ethane by archaea from a marine hydrocarbon seep View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

Song-Can Chen, Niculina Musat, Oliver J. Lechtenfeld, Heidrun Paschke, Matthias Schmidt, Nedal Said, Denny Popp, Federica Calabrese, Hryhoriy Stryhanyuk, Ulrike Jaekel, Yong-Guan Zhu, Samantha B. Joye, Hans-Hermann Richnow, Friedrich Widdel, Florin Musat

ABSTRACT

Ethane is the second most abundant component of natural gas in addition to methane, and-similar to methane-is chemically unreactive. The biological consumption of ethane under anoxic conditions was suggested by geochemical profiles at marine hydrocarbon seeps1-3, and through ethane-dependent sulfate reduction in slurries4-7. Nevertheless, the microorganisms and reactions that catalyse this process have to date remained unknown8. Here we describe ethane-oxidizing archaea that were obtained by specific enrichment over ten years, and analyse these archaea using phylogeny-based fluorescence analyses, proteogenomics and metabolite studies. The co-culture, which oxidized ethane completely while reducing sulfate to sulfide, was dominated by an archaeon that we name 'Candidatus Argoarchaeum ethanivorans'; other members were sulfate-reducing Deltaproteobacteria. The genome of Ca. Argoarchaeum contains all of the genes that are necessary for a functional methyl-coenzyme M reductase, and all subunits were detected in protein extracts. Accordingly, ethyl-coenzyme M (ethyl-CoM) was identified as an intermediate by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. This indicated that Ca. Argoarchaeum initiates ethane oxidation by ethyl-CoM formation, analogous to the recently described butane activation by 'Candidatus Syntrophoarchaeum'9. Proteogenomics further suggests that oxidation of intermediary acetyl-CoA to CO2 occurs through the oxidative Wood-Ljungdahl pathway. The identification of an archaeon that uses ethane (C2H6) fills a gap in our knowledge of microorganisms that specifically oxidize members of the homologous alkane series (CnH2n+2) without oxygen. Detection of phylogenetic and functional gene markers related to those of Ca. Argoarchaeum at deep-sea gas seeps10-12 suggests that archaea that are able to oxidize ethane through ethyl-CoM are widespread members of the local communities fostered by venting gaseous alkanes around these seeps. More... »

PAGES

1-4

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41586-019-1063-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1063-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113005243

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30918404


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