Pharmacomicrobiomics in inflammatory arthritis: gut microbiome as modulator of therapeutic response View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-03-10

AUTHORS

Jose U. Scher, Renuka R. Nayak, Carles Ubeda, Peter J. Turnbaugh, Steven B. Abramson

ABSTRACT

In the past three decades, extraordinary advances have been made in the understanding of the pathogenesis of, and treatment options for, inflammatory arthritides, including rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis. The use of methotrexate and subsequently biologic therapies (such as TNF inhibitors, among others) and oral small molecules have substantially improved clinical outcomes for many patients with inflammatory arthritis; for others, however, these agents do not substantially improve their symptoms. The emerging field of pharmacomicrobiomics, which investigates the effect of variations within the human gut microbiome on drugs, has already provided important insights into these therapeutics. Pharmacomicrobiomic studies have demonstrated that human gut microorganisms and their enzymatic products can affect the bioavailability, clinical efficacy and toxicity of a wide array of drugs through direct and indirect mechanisms. This discipline promises to facilitate the advent of microbiome-based precision medicine approaches in inflammatory arthritis, including strategies for predicting response to treatment and for modulating the microbiome to improve response to therapy or reduce drug toxicity. More... »

PAGES

282-292

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41584-020-0395-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41584-020-0395-3

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

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