Gut microbiota in human metabolic health and disease View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-09-04

AUTHORS

Yong Fan, Oluf Pedersen

ABSTRACT

Observational findings achieved during the past two decades suggest that the intestinal microbiota may contribute to the metabolic health of the human host and, when aberrant, to the pathogenesis of various common metabolic disorders including obesity, type 2 diabetes, non-alcoholic liver disease, cardio-metabolic diseases and malnutrition. However, to gain a mechanistic understanding of how the gut microbiota affects host metabolism, research is moving from descriptive microbiota census analyses to cause-and-effect studies. Joint analyses of high-throughput human multi-omics data, including metagenomics and metabolomics data, together with measures of host physiology and mechanistic experiments in humans, animals and cells hold potential as initial steps in the identification of potential molecular mechanisms behind reported associations. In this Review, we discuss the current knowledge on how gut microbiota and derived microbial compounds may link to metabolism of the healthy host or to the pathogenesis of common metabolic diseases. We highlight examples of microbiota-targeted interventions aiming to optimize metabolic health, and we provide perspectives for future basic and translational investigations within the nascent and promising research field. More... »

PAGES

55-71

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  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41579-020-0433-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41579-020-0433-9

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32887946


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