Evidence for quantum spin liquid behaviour in single-layer 1T-TaSe2 from scanning tunnelling microscopy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-08-19

AUTHORS

Wei Ruan, Yi Chen, Shujie Tang, Jinwoong Hwang, Hsin-Zon Tsai, Ryan L. Lee, Meng Wu, Hyejin Ryu, Salman Kahn, Franklin Liou, Caihong Jia, Andrew Aikawa, Choongyu Hwang, Feng Wang, Yongseong Choi, Steven G. Louie, Patrick A. Lee, Zhi-Xun Shen, Sung-Kwan Mo, Michael F. Crommie

ABSTRACT

Two-dimensional triangular-lattice antiferromagnets are predicted under some conditions to exhibit a quantum spin liquid ground state with no energy barrier to create emergent, fractionalized spinon excitations that carry spin but no charge. Materials that realize this kind of spin liquid are expected to have a low-energy behaviour described by a spinon Fermi surface. Directly imaging the resulting spinons, however, is difficult due to their chargeless nature. Here we use scanning tunnelling spectroscopy to image density waves consistent with the predictions of spinon density modulation arising from a spinon Fermi surface instability in single-layer 1T-TaSe2. We confirm the existence of a triangular lattice of localized spins in this material by contacting it with a metallic 1H-TaSe2 substrate and measuring the Kondo effect. Spectroscopic imaging of isolated single-layer 1T-TaSe2 reveals long-wavelength super-modulations at Hubbard band energies, consistent with the predicted behaviour of itinerant spinons. These super-modulations allow the direct experimental measurement of the spinon Fermi wavevector, in good agreement with theoretical predictions for a two-dimensional quantum spin liquid. More... »

PAGES

1154-1161

Journal

TITLE

Nature Physics

ISSUE

10

VOLUME

17

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140516563


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0202", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0204", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Condensed Matter Physics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0299", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Other Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8547.e", 
          "name": [
            "Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ruan", 
        "givenName": "Wei", 
        "id": "sg:person.01267025051.42", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01267025051.42"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chen", 
        "givenName": "Yi", 
        "id": "sg:person.0737573754.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0737573754.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "School of Physical Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, Shanghai, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440637.2", 
          "name": [
            "Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA, USA", 
            "Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA", 
            "Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "CAS Center for Excellence in Superconducting Electronics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China", 
            "School of Physical Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, Shanghai, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tang", 
        "givenName": "Shujie", 
        "id": "sg:person.01103247527.03", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01103247527.03"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.262229.f", 
          "name": [
            "Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA, USA", 
            "Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hwang", 
        "givenName": "Jinwoong", 
        "id": "sg:person.010433265407.40", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010433265407.40"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "International Collaborative Laboratory of 2D Materials for Optoelectronic Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, Engineering Technology Research Center for 2D Material Information Function Devices and Systems of Guangdong Province, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263488.3", 
          "name": [
            "Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "International Collaborative Laboratory of 2D Materials for Optoelectronic Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, Engineering Technology Research Center for 2D Material Information Function Devices and Systems of Guangdong Province, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tsai", 
        "givenName": "Hsin-Zon", 
        "id": "sg:person.01137602530.65", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01137602530.65"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lee", 
        "givenName": "Ryan L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015510243575.42", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015510243575.42"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wu", 
        "givenName": "Meng", 
        "id": "sg:person.010303524177.90", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010303524177.90"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Center for Spintronics, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, Korea", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.35541.36", 
          "name": [
            "Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Center for Spintronics, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ryu", 
        "givenName": "Hyejin", 
        "id": "sg:person.01010056754.09", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01010056754.09"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kahn", 
        "givenName": "Salman", 
        "id": "sg:person.0732611261.03", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0732611261.03"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Liou", 
        "givenName": "Franklin", 
        "id": "sg:person.07715703333.27", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07715703333.27"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Henan Key Laboratory of Photovoltaic Materials, Center for Topological Functional Materials, Henan University, Kaifeng, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256922.8", 
          "name": [
            "Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Henan Key Laboratory of Photovoltaic Materials, Center for Topological Functional Materials, Henan University, Kaifeng, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jia", 
        "givenName": "Caihong", 
        "id": "sg:person.012442561077.19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012442561077.19"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Aikawa", 
        "givenName": "Andrew", 
        "id": "sg:person.0626574473.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0626574473.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.262229.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hwang", 
        "givenName": "Choongyu", 
        "id": "sg:person.016110625241.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016110625241.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kavli Energy NanoScience Institute at the University of California Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.494610.e", 
          "name": [
            "Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Kavli Energy NanoScience Institute at the University of California Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wang", 
        "givenName": "Feng", 
        "id": "sg:person.01066611756.19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01066611756.19"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.187073.a", 
          "name": [
            "Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Choi", 
        "givenName": "Yongseong", 
        "id": "sg:person.0700622557.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0700622557.86"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Louie", 
        "givenName": "Steven G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01146660016.40", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01146660016.40"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.116068.8", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lee", 
        "givenName": "Patrick A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010645131102.92", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010645131102.92"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.168010.e", 
          "name": [
            "Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA, USA", 
            "Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shen", 
        "givenName": "Zhi-Xun", 
        "id": "sg:person.012714134712.15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012714134712.15"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.184769.5", 
          "name": [
            "Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mo", 
        "givenName": "Sung-Kwan", 
        "id": "sg:person.01301726663.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01301726663.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kavli Energy NanoScience Institute at the University of California Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.494610.e", 
          "name": [
            "Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
            "Kavli Energy NanoScience Institute at the University of California Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Crommie", 
        "givenName": "Michael F.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01046572263.84", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01046572263.84"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys3267", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007143835", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3267"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms10956", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020227625", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10956"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys3840", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005923868", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3840"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature08917", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042830450", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08917"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-018-0276-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106987085", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-018-0276-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms10453", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011990084", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10453"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys316", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038699511", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys316"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-019-0744-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123827828", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-019-0744-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41535-017-0048-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090882926", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41535-017-0048-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys4212", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090938672", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys4212"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys999", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034467049", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys999"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphys3894", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011259373", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3894"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature20614", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019432978", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature20614"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2021-08-19", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2021-08-19", 
    "description": "Two-dimensional triangular-lattice antiferromagnets are predicted under some conditions to exhibit a quantum spin liquid ground state with no energy barrier to create emergent, fractionalized spinon excitations that carry spin but no charge. Materials that realize this kind of spin liquid are expected to have a low-energy behaviour described by a spinon Fermi surface. Directly imaging the resulting spinons, however, is difficult due to their chargeless nature. Here we use scanning tunnelling spectroscopy to image density waves consistent with the predictions of spinon density modulation arising from a spinon Fermi surface instability in single-layer 1T-TaSe2. We confirm the existence of a triangular lattice of localized spins in this material by contacting it with a metallic 1H-TaSe2 substrate and measuring the Kondo effect. Spectroscopic imaging of isolated single-layer 1T-TaSe2 reveals long-wavelength super-modulations at Hubbard band energies, consistent with the predicted behaviour of itinerant spinons. These super-modulations allow the direct experimental measurement of the spinon Fermi wavevector, in good agreement with theoretical predictions for a two-dimensional quantum spin liquid.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.7703757", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.4320147", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.8674884", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1034717", 
        "issn": [
          "1745-2473", 
          "1745-2481"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature Physics", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "10", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "17"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "spin liquid", 
      "two-dimensional quantum spin liquid", 
      "quantum spin liquid ground state", 
      "two-dimensional triangular-lattice antiferromagnet", 
      "spin liquid ground state", 
      "fractionalized spinon excitations", 
      "quantum spin liquid behavior", 
      "quantum spin liquid", 
      "scanning tunneling spectroscopy", 
      "spinon Fermi surface", 
      "liquid ground state", 
      "Fermi surface instability", 
      "triangular lattice antiferromagnet", 
      "spin-liquid behavior", 
      "low-energy behavior", 
      "direct experimental measurements", 
      "tunneling spectroscopy", 
      "spinon excitations", 
      "Fermi wavevector", 
      "Fermi surface", 
      "density wave", 
      "density modulation", 
      "liquid behavior", 
      "ground state", 
      "Kondo effect", 
      "tunneling microscopy", 
      "band energy", 
      "triangular lattice", 
      "theoretical predictions", 
      "spinons", 
      "experimental measurements", 
      "spin", 
      "spectroscopic imaging", 
      "surface instability", 
      "energy barrier", 
      "good agreement", 
      "wavevector", 
      "antiferromagnet", 
      "excitation", 
      "spectroscopy", 
      "liquid", 
      "waves", 
      "energy", 
      "lattice", 
      "microscopy", 
      "charge", 
      "measurements", 
      "agreement", 
      "substrate", 
      "imaging", 
      "materials", 
      "instability", 
      "surface", 
      "state", 
      "modulation", 
      "prediction", 
      "existence", 
      "behavior", 
      "barriers", 
      "nature", 
      "effect", 
      "kind", 
      "conditions", 
      "evidence"
    ], 
    "name": "Evidence for quantum spin liquid behaviour in single-layer 1T-TaSe2 from scanning tunnelling microscopy", 
    "pagination": "1154-1161", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1140516563"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140516563"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:41", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_872.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

369 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      103 URIs      80 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
2 anzsrc-for:0202
3 anzsrc-for:0204
4 anzsrc-for:0299
5 schema:author Ne4111743908940c091030ae5251eb8fe
6 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/nature08917
7 sg:pub.10.1038/nature20614
8 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms10453
9 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms10956
10 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys316
11 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys3267
12 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys3840
13 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys3894
14 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys4212
15 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys999
16 sg:pub.10.1038/s41535-017-0048-1
17 sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-018-0276-8
18 sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-019-0744-9
19 schema:datePublished 2021-08-19
20 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-08-19
21 schema:description Two-dimensional triangular-lattice antiferromagnets are predicted under some conditions to exhibit a quantum spin liquid ground state with no energy barrier to create emergent, fractionalized spinon excitations that carry spin but no charge. Materials that realize this kind of spin liquid are expected to have a low-energy behaviour described by a spinon Fermi surface. Directly imaging the resulting spinons, however, is difficult due to their chargeless nature. Here we use scanning tunnelling spectroscopy to image density waves consistent with the predictions of spinon density modulation arising from a spinon Fermi surface instability in single-layer 1T-TaSe2. We confirm the existence of a triangular lattice of localized spins in this material by contacting it with a metallic 1H-TaSe2 substrate and measuring the Kondo effect. Spectroscopic imaging of isolated single-layer 1T-TaSe2 reveals long-wavelength super-modulations at Hubbard band energies, consistent with the predicted behaviour of itinerant spinons. These super-modulations allow the direct experimental measurement of the spinon Fermi wavevector, in good agreement with theoretical predictions for a two-dimensional quantum spin liquid.
22 schema:genre article
23 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
24 schema:isPartOf N44086f146cff4ef4927390d6d161d830
25 Nb33a0685761044f4be8450a5124da833
26 sg:journal.1034717
27 schema:keywords Fermi surface
28 Fermi surface instability
29 Fermi wavevector
30 Kondo effect
31 agreement
32 antiferromagnet
33 band energy
34 barriers
35 behavior
36 charge
37 conditions
38 density modulation
39 density wave
40 direct experimental measurements
41 effect
42 energy
43 energy barrier
44 evidence
45 excitation
46 existence
47 experimental measurements
48 fractionalized spinon excitations
49 good agreement
50 ground state
51 imaging
52 instability
53 kind
54 lattice
55 liquid
56 liquid behavior
57 liquid ground state
58 low-energy behavior
59 materials
60 measurements
61 microscopy
62 modulation
63 nature
64 prediction
65 quantum spin liquid
66 quantum spin liquid behavior
67 quantum spin liquid ground state
68 scanning tunneling spectroscopy
69 spectroscopic imaging
70 spectroscopy
71 spin
72 spin liquid
73 spin liquid ground state
74 spin-liquid behavior
75 spinon Fermi surface
76 spinon excitations
77 spinons
78 state
79 substrate
80 surface
81 surface instability
82 theoretical predictions
83 triangular lattice
84 triangular lattice antiferromagnet
85 tunneling microscopy
86 tunneling spectroscopy
87 two-dimensional quantum spin liquid
88 two-dimensional triangular-lattice antiferromagnet
89 waves
90 wavevector
91 schema:name Evidence for quantum spin liquid behaviour in single-layer 1T-TaSe2 from scanning tunnelling microscopy
92 schema:pagination 1154-1161
93 schema:productId Ncd9356fe3abc4e0db94bf19ad1f7ccc6
94 Ncf3c798a27de474bab47f36abe6bc865
95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1140516563
96 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0
97 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:41
98 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
99 schema:sdPublisher Nd4c99726998f4d3b91fcc68c7df01074
100 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0
101 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
102 sgo:sdDataset articles
103 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
104 N025ac289dc314b4698fb4642b1d6ac05 rdf:first sg:person.0732611261.03
105 rdf:rest N60cb2f3243ca46dd9d7a3dcfef781884
106 N0bad6f6396da4a5f80a25a65c916b20c rdf:first sg:person.01301726663.20
107 rdf:rest N6b3c1b4eb36344d68d2fe69e56b8a474
108 N0eaacb0f0cec43978ca99b4354955025 rdf:first sg:person.010433265407.40
109 rdf:rest Nf5220ba94db947cd9c94b9c93047511a
110 N26ce6f6d0bc646edb3b32b98cf215b6e rdf:first sg:person.012714134712.15
111 rdf:rest N0bad6f6396da4a5f80a25a65c916b20c
112 N44086f146cff4ef4927390d6d161d830 schema:volumeNumber 17
113 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
114 N4b0ad7d5e4ff44feb740cd8301e3daf8 rdf:first sg:person.01103247527.03
115 rdf:rest N0eaacb0f0cec43978ca99b4354955025
116 N4ebeb8e7b9274b6f94d7c0807b20dd84 rdf:first sg:person.010303524177.90
117 rdf:rest N87a81e56dc3e44448d01d9304d951382
118 N5184c4a7277c4bbc84e35dbe0aa45618 rdf:first sg:person.012442561077.19
119 rdf:rest N7cab7b6725564383b02b740ff4e0d1c4
120 N5e88bafb5f2b4bf38d69fadf55f2a875 rdf:first sg:person.0700622557.86
121 rdf:rest N9387a650efb04977aae89853dcb141f1
122 N60cb2f3243ca46dd9d7a3dcfef781884 rdf:first sg:person.07715703333.27
123 rdf:rest N5184c4a7277c4bbc84e35dbe0aa45618
124 N6b3c1b4eb36344d68d2fe69e56b8a474 rdf:first sg:person.01046572263.84
125 rdf:rest rdf:nil
126 N79e5d6d2b395462ebdf699a0a88c2172 rdf:first sg:person.0737573754.36
127 rdf:rest N4b0ad7d5e4ff44feb740cd8301e3daf8
128 N7cab7b6725564383b02b740ff4e0d1c4 rdf:first sg:person.0626574473.88
129 rdf:rest Nc7696c0e33b24e51a666478de1bfcc30
130 N7e00410405b5400090220e342ab837a2 rdf:first sg:person.01066611756.19
131 rdf:rest N5e88bafb5f2b4bf38d69fadf55f2a875
132 N87a81e56dc3e44448d01d9304d951382 rdf:first sg:person.01010056754.09
133 rdf:rest N025ac289dc314b4698fb4642b1d6ac05
134 N9387a650efb04977aae89853dcb141f1 rdf:first sg:person.01146660016.40
135 rdf:rest Nce2b1d2955ed4725a93387fbc953e413
136 Na3196d7d9ab24bb283de05bc75a1c227 rdf:first sg:person.015510243575.42
137 rdf:rest N4ebeb8e7b9274b6f94d7c0807b20dd84
138 Nb33a0685761044f4be8450a5124da833 schema:issueNumber 10
139 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
140 Nc7696c0e33b24e51a666478de1bfcc30 rdf:first sg:person.016110625241.01
141 rdf:rest N7e00410405b5400090220e342ab837a2
142 Ncd9356fe3abc4e0db94bf19ad1f7ccc6 schema:name dimensions_id
143 schema:value pub.1140516563
144 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
145 Nce2b1d2955ed4725a93387fbc953e413 rdf:first sg:person.010645131102.92
146 rdf:rest N26ce6f6d0bc646edb3b32b98cf215b6e
147 Ncf3c798a27de474bab47f36abe6bc865 schema:name doi
148 schema:value 10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0
149 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
150 Nd4c99726998f4d3b91fcc68c7df01074 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
151 rdf:type schema:Organization
152 Ne4111743908940c091030ae5251eb8fe rdf:first sg:person.01267025051.42
153 rdf:rest N79e5d6d2b395462ebdf699a0a88c2172
154 Nf5220ba94db947cd9c94b9c93047511a rdf:first sg:person.01137602530.65
155 rdf:rest Na3196d7d9ab24bb283de05bc75a1c227
156 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
157 schema:name Physical Sciences
158 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
159 anzsrc-for:0202 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
160 schema:name Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle and Plasma Physics
161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
162 anzsrc-for:0204 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
163 schema:name Condensed Matter Physics
164 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
165 anzsrc-for:0299 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
166 schema:name Other Physical Sciences
167 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
168 sg:grant.4320147 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0
169 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
170 sg:grant.7703757 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0
171 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
172 sg:grant.8674884 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-021-01321-0
173 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
174 sg:journal.1034717 schema:issn 1745-2473
175 1745-2481
176 schema:name Nature Physics
177 schema:publisher Springer Nature
178 rdf:type schema:Periodical
179 sg:person.01010056754.09 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.35541.36
180 schema:familyName Ryu
181 schema:givenName Hyejin
182 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01010056754.09
183 rdf:type schema:Person
184 sg:person.010303524177.90 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f
185 schema:familyName Wu
186 schema:givenName Meng
187 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010303524177.90
188 rdf:type schema:Person
189 sg:person.010433265407.40 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.262229.f
190 schema:familyName Hwang
191 schema:givenName Jinwoong
192 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010433265407.40
193 rdf:type schema:Person
194 sg:person.01046572263.84 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.494610.e
195 schema:familyName Crommie
196 schema:givenName Michael F.
197 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01046572263.84
198 rdf:type schema:Person
199 sg:person.010645131102.92 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.116068.8
200 schema:familyName Lee
201 schema:givenName Patrick A.
202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010645131102.92
203 rdf:type schema:Person
204 sg:person.01066611756.19 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.494610.e
205 schema:familyName Wang
206 schema:givenName Feng
207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01066611756.19
208 rdf:type schema:Person
209 sg:person.01103247527.03 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440637.2
210 schema:familyName Tang
211 schema:givenName Shujie
212 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01103247527.03
213 rdf:type schema:Person
214 sg:person.01137602530.65 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.263488.3
215 schema:familyName Tsai
216 schema:givenName Hsin-Zon
217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01137602530.65
218 rdf:type schema:Person
219 sg:person.01146660016.40 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f
220 schema:familyName Louie
221 schema:givenName Steven G.
222 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01146660016.40
223 rdf:type schema:Person
224 sg:person.012442561077.19 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.256922.8
225 schema:familyName Jia
226 schema:givenName Caihong
227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012442561077.19
228 rdf:type schema:Person
229 sg:person.01267025051.42 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.8547.e
230 schema:familyName Ruan
231 schema:givenName Wei
232 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01267025051.42
233 rdf:type schema:Person
234 sg:person.012714134712.15 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.168010.e
235 schema:familyName Shen
236 schema:givenName Zhi-Xun
237 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012714134712.15
238 rdf:type schema:Person
239 sg:person.01301726663.20 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.184769.5
240 schema:familyName Mo
241 schema:givenName Sung-Kwan
242 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01301726663.20
243 rdf:type schema:Person
244 sg:person.015510243575.42 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f
245 schema:familyName Lee
246 schema:givenName Ryan L.
247 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015510243575.42
248 rdf:type schema:Person
249 sg:person.016110625241.01 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.262229.f
250 schema:familyName Hwang
251 schema:givenName Choongyu
252 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016110625241.01
253 rdf:type schema:Person
254 sg:person.0626574473.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f
255 schema:familyName Aikawa
256 schema:givenName Andrew
257 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0626574473.88
258 rdf:type schema:Person
259 sg:person.0700622557.86 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.187073.a
260 schema:familyName Choi
261 schema:givenName Yongseong
262 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0700622557.86
263 rdf:type schema:Person
264 sg:person.0732611261.03 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f
265 schema:familyName Kahn
266 schema:givenName Salman
267 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0732611261.03
268 rdf:type schema:Person
269 sg:person.0737573754.36 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f
270 schema:familyName Chen
271 schema:givenName Yi
272 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0737573754.36
273 rdf:type schema:Person
274 sg:person.07715703333.27 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f
275 schema:familyName Liou
276 schema:givenName Franklin
277 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07715703333.27
278 rdf:type schema:Person
279 sg:pub.10.1038/nature08917 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042830450
280 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08917
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 sg:pub.10.1038/nature20614 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019432978
283 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature20614
284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
285 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms10453 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011990084
286 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10453
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms10956 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020227625
289 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10956
290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
291 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys316 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038699511
292 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys316
293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
294 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys3267 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007143835
295 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3267
296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
297 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys3840 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005923868
298 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3840
299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
300 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys3894 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011259373
301 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3894
302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
303 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys4212 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090938672
304 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys4212
305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
306 sg:pub.10.1038/nphys999 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034467049
307 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys999
308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
309 sg:pub.10.1038/s41535-017-0048-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090882926
310 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41535-017-0048-1
311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
312 sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-018-0276-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106987085
313 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-018-0276-8
314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
315 sg:pub.10.1038/s41567-019-0744-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123827828
316 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-019-0744-9
317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
318 grid-institutes:grid.116068.8 schema:alternateName Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
319 schema:name Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
320 rdf:type schema:Organization
321 grid-institutes:grid.168010.e schema:alternateName Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
322 schema:name Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
323 Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA, USA
324 rdf:type schema:Organization
325 grid-institutes:grid.184769.5 schema:alternateName Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
326 schema:name Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
327 rdf:type schema:Organization
328 grid-institutes:grid.187073.a schema:alternateName Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
329 schema:name Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
330 rdf:type schema:Organization
331 grid-institutes:grid.256922.8 schema:alternateName Henan Key Laboratory of Photovoltaic Materials, Center for Topological Functional Materials, Henan University, Kaifeng, China
332 schema:name Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
333 Henan Key Laboratory of Photovoltaic Materials, Center for Topological Functional Materials, Henan University, Kaifeng, China
334 Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
335 rdf:type schema:Organization
336 grid-institutes:grid.262229.f schema:alternateName Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea
337 schema:name Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
338 Department of Physics, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea
339 Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA, USA
340 rdf:type schema:Organization
341 grid-institutes:grid.263488.3 schema:alternateName International Collaborative Laboratory of 2D Materials for Optoelectronic Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, Engineering Technology Research Center for 2D Material Information Function Devices and Systems of Guangdong Province, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China
342 schema:name International Collaborative Laboratory of 2D Materials for Optoelectronic Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, Engineering Technology Research Center for 2D Material Information Function Devices and Systems of Guangdong Province, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China
343 Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
344 rdf:type schema:Organization
345 grid-institutes:grid.35541.36 schema:alternateName Center for Spintronics, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, Korea
346 schema:name Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
347 Center for Spintronics, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, Korea
348 rdf:type schema:Organization
349 grid-institutes:grid.440637.2 schema:alternateName School of Physical Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, Shanghai, China
350 schema:name Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
351 CAS Center for Excellence in Superconducting Electronics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
352 Geballe Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
353 School of Physical Science and Technology, Shanghai Tech University, Shanghai, China
354 Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA, USA
355 rdf:type schema:Organization
356 grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f schema:alternateName Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
357 schema:name Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
358 Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
359 rdf:type schema:Organization
360 grid-institutes:grid.494610.e schema:alternateName Kavli Energy NanoScience Institute at the University of California Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
361 schema:name Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
362 Kavli Energy NanoScience Institute at the University of California Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
363 Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
364 rdf:type schema:Organization
365 grid-institutes:grid.8547.e schema:alternateName Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
366 schema:name Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
367 Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
368 Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
369 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...