Synthesis of metal-doped nanoplastics and their utility to investigate fate and behaviour in complex environmental systems View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

Denise M. Mitrano, Anna Beltzung, Stefan Frehland, Michael Schmiedgruber, Alberto Cingolani, Felix Schmidt

ABSTRACT

Research on the distribution and effects of particulate plastic has intensified in recent years and yet, due to analytical challenges, our understanding of nanoplastic occurrence and behaviour has remained comparatively elusive. However, process studies could greatly aid in defining key parameters for nanoplastic interactions within and transfers between technical and environmental compartments. Here we provide a method to synthesize nanoplastic particles doped with a chemically entrapped metal used as a tracer, which provides a robust way to detect nanoplastics more easily, accurately and quantitatively in complex media. We show the utility of this approach in batch studies that simulate the activated sludge process of a municipal waste water treatment plant and so better understand the fate of nanoplastics in urban environments. We found that the majority of particles were associated with the sludge (>98%), with an average recovery of over 93% of the spiked material achieved. We believe that this approach can be developed further to study the fate, transport, mechanistic behaviour and biological uptake of nanoplastics in a variety of systems on different scales. More... »

PAGES

1-7

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015. Nanoplastics in the Aquatic Environment. Critical Review in MARINE ANTHROPOGENIC LITTER
  • 2015-03. Fabric Softener Technology: A Review in JOURNAL OF SURFACTANTS AND DETERGENTS
  • 2017-11. Asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation methods to characterize submicron particles: application to carbon-based aggregates and nanoplastics in ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
  • 2006. Biological Effects of Palladium in PALLADIUM EMISSIONS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41565-018-0360-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41565-018-0360-3

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30718833


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