Ultrahigh conductivity in Weyl semimetal NbAs nanobelts View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03-18

AUTHORS

Cheng Zhang, Zhuoliang Ni, Jinglei Zhang, Xiang Yuan, Yanwen Liu, Yichao Zou, Zhiming Liao, Yongping Du, Awadhesh Narayan, Hongming Zhang, Tiancheng Gu, Xuesong Zhu, Li Pi, Stefano Sanvito, Xiaodong Han, Jin Zou, Yi Shi, Xiangang Wan, Sergey Y. Savrasov, Faxian Xiu

ABSTRACT

In two-dimensional (2D) systems, high mobility is typically achieved in low-carrier-density semiconductors and semimetals. Here, we discover that the nanobelts of Weyl semimetal NbAs maintain a high mobility even in the presence of a high sheet carrier density. We develop a growth scheme to synthesize single crystalline NbAs nanobelts with tunable Fermi levels. Owing to a large surface-to-bulk ratio, we argue that a 2D surface state gives rise to the high sheet carrier density, even though the bulk Fermi level is located near the Weyl nodes. A surface sheet conductance up to 5–100 S per □ is realized, exceeding that of conventional 2D electron gases, quasi-2D metal films, and topological insulator surface states. Corroborated by theory, we attribute the origin of the ultrahigh conductance to the disorder-tolerant Fermi arcs. The evidenced low-dissipation property of Fermi arcs has implications for both fundamental study and potential electronic applications. More... »

PAGES

482-488

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41563-019-0320-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41563-019-0320-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112856749

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30886399


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