Towards operational predictions of the near-term climate View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Yochanan Kushnir, Adam A. Scaife, Raymond Arritt, Gianpaolo Balsamo, George Boer, Francisco Doblas-Reyes, Ed Hawkins, Masahide Kimoto, Rupa Kumar Kolli, Arun Kumar, Daniela Matei, Katja Matthes, Wolfgang A. Müller, Terence O’Kane, Judith Perlwitz, Scott Power, Marilyn Raphael, Akihiko Shimpo, Doug Smith, Matthias Tuma, Bo Wu

ABSTRACT

Near-term climate predictions — which operate on annual to decadal timescales — offer benefits for climate adaptation and resilience, and are thus important for society. Although skilful near-term predictions are now possible, particularly when coupled models are initialized from the current climate state (most importantly from the ocean), several scientific challenges remain, including gaps in understanding and modelling the underlying physical mechanisms. This Perspective discusses how these challenges can be overcome, outlining concrete steps towards the provision of operational near-term climate predictions. Progress in this endeavour will bridge the gap between current seasonal forecasts and century-scale climate change projections, allowing a seamless climate service delivery chain to be established. Near-term climate predictions bridge the gap between seasonal forecasts and long-term projections. This Perspective outlines the challenges and opportunities for near-term climate prediction, highlighting the need for co-ordinated efforts to benefit society. More... »

PAGES

94-101

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2010-10. External forcing as a metronome for Atlantic multidecadal variability in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
  • 2013-12. A comparison of full-field and anomaly initialization for seasonal to decadal climate prediction in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2016-03. Drift dynamics in a coupled model initialized for decadal forecasts in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2015-12. Skilful multi-year predictions of tropical trans-basin climate variability in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2013-09. Recent global-warming hiatus tied to equatorial Pacific surface cooling in NATURE
  • 2017-10. Initialization shock in decadal hindcasts due to errors in wind stress over the tropical Pacific in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2016-11. Skilful predictions of the winter North Atlantic Oscillation one year ahead in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
  • 2015-12. Solar forcing synchronizes decadal North Atlantic climate variability in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2018-09. Time dependency of the prediction skill for the North Atlantic subpolar gyre in initialized decadal hindcasts in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-07. Apparent limitations in the ability of CMIP5 climate models to simulate recent multi-decadal change in surface temperature: implications for global temperature projections in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2016-11. Contribution of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation to twentieth-century global surface temperature trends in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2017-05-25. Skilful prediction of Sahel summer rainfall on inter-annual and multi-year timescales in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2013-10. Decadal predictability and forecast skill in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-05. An empirical model for probabilistic decadal prediction: global attribution and regional hindcasts in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2006-02. Multi-year predictability in a coupled general circulation model in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2016-06-02. Initialized decadal prediction for transition to positive phase of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2018-10. Full-field initialized decadal predictions with the MPI earth system model: an initial shock in the North Atlantic in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2013-12. Real-time multi-model decadal climate predictions in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2018-02. Challenges and opportunities for improved understanding of regional climate dynamics in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2004-08. Quantification of modelling uncertainties in a large ensemble of climate change simulations in NATURE
  • 2017-06. Aerosol and Solar Irradiance Effects on Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability in CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORTS
  • 2014-03. A global perspective on CMIP5 climate model biases in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2016-04. Atlantic forcing of Pacific decadal variability in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2011-07. The potential to narrow uncertainty in projections of regional precipitation change in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-06. Recent Progress in Understanding and Predicting Atlantic Decadal Climate Variability in CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORTS
  • 2010-12. Skilful multi-year predictions of Atlantic hurricane frequency in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
  • 2012-07. Effective communication of uncertainty in the IPCC reports in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2016-10. Role of volcanic and anthropogenic aerosols in the recent global surface warming slowdown in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2012-08. Impact of different ocean reanalyses on decadal climate prediction in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2015-05. An assessment of a multi-model ensemble of decadal climate predictions in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2015-11. The influence of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation on Temperature and Precipitation over the Globe in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2012-04-04. Aerosols implicated as a prime driver of twentieth-century North Atlantic climate variability in NATURE
  • 2013-12. Initialized near-term regional climate change prediction in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2017-12. High risk of unprecedented UK rainfall in the current climate in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111375494


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0405", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Oceanography", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Earth Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.473157.3", 
              "name": [
                "Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Earth Institute, Columbia University, Palisades, NY, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kushnir", 
            "givenName": "Yochanan", 
            "id": "sg:person.01047311444.10", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01047311444.10"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Exeter", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8391.3", 
              "name": [
                "Met Office Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Exeter, UK", 
                "College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Scaife", 
            "givenName": "Adam A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0763203455.88", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0763203455.88"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Iowa State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.34421.30", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Arritt", 
            "givenName": "Raymond", 
            "id": "sg:person.0657204632.91", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0657204632.91"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38", 
              "name": [
                "European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts, Reading, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Balsamo", 
            "givenName": "Gianpaolo", 
            "id": "sg:person.015134253735.58", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015134253735.58"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Environment Canada", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410334.1", 
              "name": [
                "Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis, Environment Canada and Climate Change, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Boer", 
            "givenName": "George", 
            "id": "sg:person.014065267247.59", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014065267247.59"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Barcelona Supercomputing Center", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10097.3f", 
              "name": [
                "ICREA, Pg. Lluis Companys, Barcelona, Spain", 
                "Barcelona Supercomputing Center, Barcelona, Spain"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Doblas-Reyes", 
            "givenName": "Francisco", 
            "id": "sg:person.01320266251.39", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01320266251.39"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Reading", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9435.b", 
              "name": [
                "National Centre for Atmospheric Science, Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hawkins", 
            "givenName": "Ed", 
            "id": "sg:person.011627611675.05", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011627611675.05"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Tokyo", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d", 
              "name": [
                "Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kimoto", 
            "givenName": "Masahide", 
            "id": "sg:person.0575555075.53", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0575555075.53"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "World Meteorological Organization", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.426193.b", 
              "name": [
                "World Climate Applications and Services Division, Climate Prediction and Adaptation Branch, Climate and Water Department, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kolli", 
            "givenName": "Rupa Kumar", 
            "id": "sg:person.013642114011.43", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013642114011.43"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Climate Prediction Center, College Park, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kumar", 
            "givenName": "Arun", 
            "id": "sg:person.0706434756.44", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0706434756.44"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Max Planck Institute for Meteorology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.450268.d", 
              "name": [
                "Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Matei", 
            "givenName": "Daniela", 
            "id": "sg:person.012123550547.57", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012123550547.57"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kiel University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9764.c", 
              "name": [
                "GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany", 
                "Christian-Albrechts-Universit\u00e4t zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Matthes", 
            "givenName": "Katja", 
            "id": "sg:person.01101322513.85", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01101322513.85"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "German Meteorological Service", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.38275.3b", 
              "name": [
                "Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany", 
                "Deutscher Wetterdienst, Hamburg, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "M\u00fcller", 
            "givenName": "Wolfgang A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011144522673.67", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011144522673.67"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "O\u2019Kane", 
            "givenName": "Terence", 
            "id": "sg:person.013013767340.60", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013013767340.60"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464551.7", 
              "name": [
                "Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA", 
                "Physical Sciences Division, NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Perlwitz", 
            "givenName": "Judith", 
            "id": "sg:person.012216560665.53", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012216560665.53"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Bureau of Meteorology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1527.1", 
              "name": [
                "Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Power", 
            "givenName": "Scott", 
            "id": "sg:person.01154613571.97", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01154613571.97"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of California Los Angeles", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e", 
              "name": [
                "University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Raphael", 
            "givenName": "Marilyn", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Japan Meteorological Agency", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.237586.d", 
              "name": [
                "Japan Meteorological Agency, Tokyo, Japan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Shimpo", 
            "givenName": "Akihiko", 
            "id": "sg:person.015401030431.11", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015401030431.11"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Met Office", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37", 
              "name": [
                "Met Office Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Exeter, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Smith", 
            "givenName": "Doug", 
            "id": "sg:person.010411740071.37", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010411740071.37"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "WCRP/WMO, Geneva, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Tuma", 
            "givenName": "Matthias", 
            "id": "sg:person.015306701200.18", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015306701200.18"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Atmospheric Physics", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424023.3", 
              "name": [
                "LASG, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wu", 
            "givenName": "Bo", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl061146", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000298037"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-010-0810-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001203373", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-010-0810-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/2009bams2778.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002657974"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3326-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002799281", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3326-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3326-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002799281", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3326-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.066", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004561373"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3058", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004677085", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3058"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli3868.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005337827"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature12534", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005504219", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12534"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<0313:tcmipc>2.3.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006286268"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0308-521x(02)00043-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006817517"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0308-521x(02)00043-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006817517"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-12-0331.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007131779"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1600-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007499857", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1600-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-12-00241.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007871965"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2118", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007897400", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2118"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1997)078<1069:apicow>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009323796"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1310-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010117511", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1310-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1310-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010117511", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1310-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2012jd018015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013531653"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20390", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014864114"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl053370", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015263946"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-014-2164-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016387731", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-014-2164-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl053326", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016557913"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0508.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016828316"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms9268", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017312740", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9268"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1022329", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017947491"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl024233", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018147932"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl024233", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018147932"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-11-00633.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018240185"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2014rg000473", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018911076"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl052815", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020051076"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2006gl026242", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020499564"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-13-00028.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020756691"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms11718", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021744397", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11718"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3486-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023109847", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3486-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3486-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023109847", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3486-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-2701-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023121780"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jcli2561.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024802625"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-013-1705-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025051423", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-013-1705-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2678-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025097894", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2678-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2678-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025097894", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2678-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2704", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025581506", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2704"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2006gl026267", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026479170"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2629", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027169748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms7869", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028322219", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7869"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3107", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028530235", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3107"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2016.07.009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030488395"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl069544", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030947993"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50099", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031058922"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10584-011-0330-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031159518", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-011-0330-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3685-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031627509"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3751-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032376066"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2824", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032702241", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2824"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-013-1683-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033076144", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-013-1683-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2009.03.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033735950"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2705-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034240320", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2705-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl060420", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035663758"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02771", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036499414", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02771"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02771", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036499414", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02771"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2500-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037009698", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2500-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2009rg000282", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037672491"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2009rg000282", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037672491"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-005-0055-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040676610", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-005-0055-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-005-0055-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040676610", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-005-0055-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-12-00626.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040892228"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-87-12-1699", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041198039"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo955", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042082860", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo955"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo955", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042082860", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo955"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3255-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042850472", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3255-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3255-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042850472", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3255-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl052647", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044275966"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00184.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045694934"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo1004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046219354", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1004"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature10946", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046726171", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10946"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl060815", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047703712"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl067431", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050168679"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl067431", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050168679"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jcli2231.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050227528"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-11-00094.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051805105"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa57ab", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059174220"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1139540", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062455299"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aag3087", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062668373"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-15-0102.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063454660"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0127.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063455304"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3354/cr00963", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071158746"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-1937-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072670599"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl071337", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084006360"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-statistics-010814-020148", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084228372"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-17-0036.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084239478"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0712.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084239605"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-017-0065-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084863020", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-017-0065-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-017-0065-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084863020", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-017-0065-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-017-0064-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084865005", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-017-0064-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-017-0064-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084865005", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-017-0064-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms14966", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085584377", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14966"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1615880114", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085721704"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-2247-2017", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086157313"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cliser.2017.06.003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090340684"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-017-00275-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090754866", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00275-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-17-0025.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090915572"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-16-0286.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092145339"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3991-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092617051", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3991-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-4030-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099699267", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-4030-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-017-0059-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100570918", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-017-0059-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-02", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-02-01", 
        "description": "Near-term climate predictions \u2014 which operate on annual to decadal timescales \u2014 offer benefits for climate adaptation and resilience, and are thus important for society. Although skilful near-term predictions are now possible, particularly when coupled models are initialized from the current climate state (most importantly from the ocean), several scientific challenges remain, including gaps in understanding and modelling the underlying physical mechanisms. This Perspective discusses how these challenges can be overcome, outlining concrete steps towards the provision of operational near-term climate predictions. Progress in this endeavour will bridge the gap between current seasonal forecasts and century-scale climate change projections, allowing a seamless climate service delivery chain to be established. Near-term climate predictions bridge the gap between seasonal forecasts and long-term projections. This Perspective outlines the challenges and opportunities for near-term climate prediction, highlighting the need for co-ordinated efforts to benefit society.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1044959", 
            "issn": [
              "1758-678X", 
              "1758-6798"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature Climate Change", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "2", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "9"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Towards operational predictions of the near-term climate", 
        "pagination": "94-101", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "fde0ee2cb36703f19fd07fa85e94b6e3503e9cfd110f7b98a0807cf82afcc9bc"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1111375494"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111375494"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T12:25", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000362_0000000362/records_87104_00000001.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-018-0359-7"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    568 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      118 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
    2 anzsrc-for:0405
    3 schema:author N52afd4506b294dd599abda9b826931d2
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-005-0055-y
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-010-0810-6
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1310-7
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1600-0
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-013-1683-2
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-013-1705-0
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-014-2164-y
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2500-x
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2678-y
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2705-z
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3255-8
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3326-x
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3486-8
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3991-4
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-4030-1
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/s10584-011-0330-3
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-017-0064-z
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-017-0065-y
    22 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02771
    23 sg:pub.10.1038/nature10946
    24 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12534
    25 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2118
    26 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3058
    27 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3107
    28 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms11718
    29 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms14966
    30 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2704
    31 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms7869
    32 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms9268
    33 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo1004
    34 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2824
    35 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo955
    36 sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-017-00275-3
    37 sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-017-0059-8
    38 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl060420
    39 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl060815
    40 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl061146
    41 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014rg000473
    42 https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl067431
    43 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl069544
    44 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl071337
    45 https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50099
    46 https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20390
    47 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2629
    48 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cliser.2017.06.003
    49 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.066
    50 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2009.03.001
    51 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2016.07.009
    52 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0308-521x(02)00043-4
    53 https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl024233
    54 https://doi.org/10.1029/2006gl026242
    55 https://doi.org/10.1029/2006gl026267
    56 https://doi.org/10.1029/2009rg000282
    57 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl052647
    58 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl052815
    59 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl053326
    60 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl053370
    61 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012jd018015
    62 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1615880114
    63 https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1022329
    64 https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa57ab
    65 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1139540
    66 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aag3087
    67 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-statistics-010814-020148
    68 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1997)078<1069:apicow>2.0.co;2
    69 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<0313:tcmipc>2.3.co;2
    70 https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jcli2231.1
    71 https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jcli2561.1
    72 https://doi.org/10.1175/2009bams2778.1
    73 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-87-12-1699
    74 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-11-00094.1
    75 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-12-00241.1
    76 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-13-00028.1
    77 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00184.1
    78 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-16-0286.1
    79 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-17-0025.1
    80 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-17-0036.1
    81 https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-15-0102.1
    82 https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-12-0331.1
    83 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-11-00633.1
    84 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-12-00626.1
    85 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0508.1
    86 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0127.1
    87 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0712.1
    88 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli3868.1
    89 https://doi.org/10.3354/cr00963
    90 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-2247-2017
    91 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-1937-2016
    92 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-2701-2016
    93 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3685-2016
    94 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3751-2016
    95 schema:datePublished 2019-02
    96 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-02-01
    97 schema:description Near-term climate predictions — which operate on annual to decadal timescales — offer benefits for climate adaptation and resilience, and are thus important for society. Although skilful near-term predictions are now possible, particularly when coupled models are initialized from the current climate state (most importantly from the ocean), several scientific challenges remain, including gaps in understanding and modelling the underlying physical mechanisms. This Perspective discusses how these challenges can be overcome, outlining concrete steps towards the provision of operational near-term climate predictions. Progress in this endeavour will bridge the gap between current seasonal forecasts and century-scale climate change projections, allowing a seamless climate service delivery chain to be established. Near-term climate predictions bridge the gap between seasonal forecasts and long-term projections. This Perspective outlines the challenges and opportunities for near-term climate prediction, highlighting the need for co-ordinated efforts to benefit society.
    98 schema:genre research_article
    99 schema:inLanguage en
    100 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    101 schema:isPartOf Ndec0e869a9fe46bc95ca6248eaac85ab
    102 Ne050111c6086495a8e9b62059cbd88ac
    103 sg:journal.1044959
    104 schema:name Towards operational predictions of the near-term climate
    105 schema:pagination 94-101
    106 schema:productId N4c3a57c9142543bfb59e842b4caa1313
    107 N8a62dad49f944d15b8fdfcbdb0ac6618
    108 Nfc95864a4d284d4e8e28623c16799174
    109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111375494
    110 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7
    111 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T12:25
    112 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    113 schema:sdPublisher N0c7cb64857d34580801b78c35cb83e9b
    114 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-018-0359-7
    115 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    116 sgo:sdDataset articles
    117 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    118 N0279816df2c846b7b1f97f66fa351c6c rdf:first sg:person.01101322513.85
    119 rdf:rest N996ea990a88545958be0dc458fa73535
    120 N0c7cb64857d34580801b78c35cb83e9b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    121 rdf:type schema:Organization
    122 N0dc3d56c940b4564bec3fbefd1df41ab rdf:first sg:person.01154613571.97
    123 rdf:rest Nb5af4b2e064a442390b20508cfafe711
    124 N10fe31929ccc42bc85d83c2ea9016d14 rdf:first sg:person.014065267247.59
    125 rdf:rest N31d6bc9c841e4d0baa467da9f7585edb
    126 N31d6bc9c841e4d0baa467da9f7585edb rdf:first sg:person.01320266251.39
    127 rdf:rest Nf27144b9d3364520b9152125f2e5e1f6
    128 N3c3bfe07e48548889ef1f2df5f1329c5 rdf:first sg:person.0763203455.88
    129 rdf:rest Nf173c83d139f4433aea7d1bc3665b711
    130 N46188ed067514cd5a8749a3d9ebea8a3 rdf:first sg:person.0706434756.44
    131 rdf:rest Nf0d1774fd7cf4a8693d31995a66d722d
    132 N4c3a57c9142543bfb59e842b4caa1313 schema:name dimensions_id
    133 schema:value pub.1111375494
    134 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    135 N52afd4506b294dd599abda9b826931d2 rdf:first sg:person.01047311444.10
    136 rdf:rest N3c3bfe07e48548889ef1f2df5f1329c5
    137 N5e17843fb52642d8bb6485603193c56f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e
    138 schema:familyName Raphael
    139 schema:givenName Marilyn
    140 rdf:type schema:Person
    141 N6739b4c8550145e2b8db43c4858e93af rdf:first sg:person.013642114011.43
    142 rdf:rest N46188ed067514cd5a8749a3d9ebea8a3
    143 N6f2827beabd94ae0ac97d5c7ec719786 rdf:first sg:person.013013767340.60
    144 rdf:rest Nf38afae61006432a8d785228f97ec706
    145 N76feedf4539b409a866edda47c1cddc6 rdf:first sg:person.015401030431.11
    146 rdf:rest Nd347391dbd5b4a06922ab2069331c00d
    147 N8542ffcf59254c5c81656b9254401232 schema:name CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
    148 rdf:type schema:Organization
    149 N86a169748a354712bc04ee5b40b4fb4a schema:name WCRP/WMO, Geneva, Switzerland
    150 rdf:type schema:Organization
    151 N8a62dad49f944d15b8fdfcbdb0ac6618 schema:name readcube_id
    152 schema:value fde0ee2cb36703f19fd07fa85e94b6e3503e9cfd110f7b98a0807cf82afcc9bc
    153 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    154 N996ea990a88545958be0dc458fa73535 rdf:first sg:person.011144522673.67
    155 rdf:rest N6f2827beabd94ae0ac97d5c7ec719786
    156 N99755ae3120b410589a798508a797588 rdf:first sg:person.015134253735.58
    157 rdf:rest N10fe31929ccc42bc85d83c2ea9016d14
    158 N9fc330a0c13644cfbd8c38dbe71a4bee schema:name Climate Prediction Center, College Park, MD, USA
    159 rdf:type schema:Organization
    160 Nab8e2d26f637429f9a39e3a3dc817a9f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424023.3
    161 schema:familyName Wu
    162 schema:givenName Bo
    163 rdf:type schema:Person
    164 Nb5af4b2e064a442390b20508cfafe711 rdf:first N5e17843fb52642d8bb6485603193c56f
    165 rdf:rest N76feedf4539b409a866edda47c1cddc6
    166 Nc0eb69050a6b4136b362ea5cd4a19d32 rdf:first sg:person.015306701200.18
    167 rdf:rest Ne9b99f8ff00f4185a1b9afccf3284a16
    168 Nca8f75c89e1a47ff82818f54f7899c80 rdf:first sg:person.0575555075.53
    169 rdf:rest N6739b4c8550145e2b8db43c4858e93af
    170 Nd347391dbd5b4a06922ab2069331c00d rdf:first sg:person.010411740071.37
    171 rdf:rest Nc0eb69050a6b4136b362ea5cd4a19d32
    172 Ndec0e869a9fe46bc95ca6248eaac85ab schema:volumeNumber 9
    173 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    174 Ne050111c6086495a8e9b62059cbd88ac schema:issueNumber 2
    175 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    176 Ne9b99f8ff00f4185a1b9afccf3284a16 rdf:first Nab8e2d26f637429f9a39e3a3dc817a9f
    177 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    178 Nf0d1774fd7cf4a8693d31995a66d722d rdf:first sg:person.012123550547.57
    179 rdf:rest N0279816df2c846b7b1f97f66fa351c6c
    180 Nf173c83d139f4433aea7d1bc3665b711 rdf:first sg:person.0657204632.91
    181 rdf:rest N99755ae3120b410589a798508a797588
    182 Nf27144b9d3364520b9152125f2e5e1f6 rdf:first sg:person.011627611675.05
    183 rdf:rest Nca8f75c89e1a47ff82818f54f7899c80
    184 Nf38afae61006432a8d785228f97ec706 rdf:first sg:person.012216560665.53
    185 rdf:rest N0dc3d56c940b4564bec3fbefd1df41ab
    186 Nfc95864a4d284d4e8e28623c16799174 schema:name doi
    187 schema:value 10.1038/s41558-018-0359-7
    188 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    189 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    190 schema:name Earth Sciences
    191 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    192 anzsrc-for:0405 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    193 schema:name Oceanography
    194 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    195 sg:journal.1044959 schema:issn 1758-678X
    196 1758-6798
    197 schema:name Nature Climate Change
    198 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    199 sg:person.010411740071.37 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37
    200 schema:familyName Smith
    201 schema:givenName Doug
    202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010411740071.37
    203 rdf:type schema:Person
    204 sg:person.01047311444.10 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.473157.3
    205 schema:familyName Kushnir
    206 schema:givenName Yochanan
    207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01047311444.10
    208 rdf:type schema:Person
    209 sg:person.01101322513.85 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9764.c
    210 schema:familyName Matthes
    211 schema:givenName Katja
    212 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01101322513.85
    213 rdf:type schema:Person
    214 sg:person.011144522673.67 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.38275.3b
    215 schema:familyName Müller
    216 schema:givenName Wolfgang A.
    217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011144522673.67
    218 rdf:type schema:Person
    219 sg:person.01154613571.97 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1527.1
    220 schema:familyName Power
    221 schema:givenName Scott
    222 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01154613571.97
    223 rdf:type schema:Person
    224 sg:person.011627611675.05 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9435.b
    225 schema:familyName Hawkins
    226 schema:givenName Ed
    227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011627611675.05
    228 rdf:type schema:Person
    229 sg:person.012123550547.57 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.450268.d
    230 schema:familyName Matei
    231 schema:givenName Daniela
    232 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012123550547.57
    233 rdf:type schema:Person
    234 sg:person.012216560665.53 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464551.7
    235 schema:familyName Perlwitz
    236 schema:givenName Judith
    237 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012216560665.53
    238 rdf:type schema:Person
    239 sg:person.013013767340.60 schema:affiliation N8542ffcf59254c5c81656b9254401232
    240 schema:familyName O’Kane
    241 schema:givenName Terence
    242 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013013767340.60
    243 rdf:type schema:Person
    244 sg:person.01320266251.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10097.3f
    245 schema:familyName Doblas-Reyes
    246 schema:givenName Francisco
    247 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01320266251.39
    248 rdf:type schema:Person
    249 sg:person.013642114011.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.426193.b
    250 schema:familyName Kolli
    251 schema:givenName Rupa Kumar
    252 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013642114011.43
    253 rdf:type schema:Person
    254 sg:person.014065267247.59 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410334.1
    255 schema:familyName Boer
    256 schema:givenName George
    257 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014065267247.59
    258 rdf:type schema:Person
    259 sg:person.015134253735.58 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38
    260 schema:familyName Balsamo
    261 schema:givenName Gianpaolo
    262 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015134253735.58
    263 rdf:type schema:Person
    264 sg:person.015306701200.18 schema:affiliation N86a169748a354712bc04ee5b40b4fb4a
    265 schema:familyName Tuma
    266 schema:givenName Matthias
    267 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015306701200.18
    268 rdf:type schema:Person
    269 sg:person.015401030431.11 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.237586.d
    270 schema:familyName Shimpo
    271 schema:givenName Akihiko
    272 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015401030431.11
    273 rdf:type schema:Person
    274 sg:person.0575555075.53 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d
    275 schema:familyName Kimoto
    276 schema:givenName Masahide
    277 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0575555075.53
    278 rdf:type schema:Person
    279 sg:person.0657204632.91 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.34421.30
    280 schema:familyName Arritt
    281 schema:givenName Raymond
    282 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0657204632.91
    283 rdf:type schema:Person
    284 sg:person.0706434756.44 schema:affiliation N9fc330a0c13644cfbd8c38dbe71a4bee
    285 schema:familyName Kumar
    286 schema:givenName Arun
    287 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0706434756.44
    288 rdf:type schema:Person
    289 sg:person.0763203455.88 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8391.3
    290 schema:familyName Scaife
    291 schema:givenName Adam A.
    292 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0763203455.88
    293 rdf:type schema:Person
    294 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-005-0055-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040676610
    295 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-005-0055-y
    296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    297 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-010-0810-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001203373
    298 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-010-0810-6
    299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    300 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1310-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010117511
    301 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1310-7
    302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    303 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1600-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007499857
    304 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1600-0
    305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    306 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-013-1683-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033076144
    307 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-013-1683-2
    308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    309 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-013-1705-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025051423
    310 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-013-1705-0
    311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    312 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-014-2164-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016387731
    313 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-014-2164-y
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2500-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037009698
    316 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2500-x
    317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    318 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2678-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025097894
    319 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2678-y
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2705-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034240320
    322 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2705-z
    323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    324 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3255-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042850472
    325 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3255-8
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3326-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002799281
    328 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3326-x
    329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    330 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-016-3486-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023109847
    331 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3486-8
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-3991-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092617051
    334 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3991-4
    335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    336 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-017-4030-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099699267
    337 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-4030-1
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 sg:pub.10.1007/s10584-011-0330-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031159518
    340 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-011-0330-3
    341 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    342 sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-017-0064-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084865005
    343 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-017-0064-z
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-017-0065-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084863020
    346 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-017-0065-y
    347 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    348 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02771 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036499414
    349 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02771
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 sg:pub.10.1038/nature10946 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046726171
    352 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10946
    353 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    354 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12534 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005504219
    355 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12534
    356 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    357 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2118 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007897400
    358 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2118
    359 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    360 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3058 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004677085
    361 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3058
    362 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    363 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028530235
    364 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3107
    365 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    366 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms11718 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021744397
    367 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11718
    368 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    369 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms14966 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085584377
    370 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14966
    371 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    372 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2704 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025581506
    373 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2704
    374 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    375 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms7869 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028322219
    376 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7869
    377 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    378 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms9268 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017312740
    379 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9268
    380 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    381 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo1004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046219354
    382 https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1004
    383 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    384 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2824 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032702241
    385 https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2824
    386 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    387 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo955 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042082860
    388 https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo955
    389 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    390 sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-017-00275-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090754866
    391 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00275-3
    392 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    393 sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-017-0059-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100570918
    394 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-017-0059-8
    395 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    396 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl060420 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035663758
    397 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    398 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl060815 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047703712
    399 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    400 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl061146 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000298037
    401 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    402 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014rg000473 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018911076
    403 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    404 https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl067431 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050168679
    405 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    406 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl069544 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030947993
    407 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    408 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl071337 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084006360
    409 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    410 https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50099 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031058922
    411 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    412 https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20390 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014864114
    413 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    414 https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.2629 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027169748
    415 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    416 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cliser.2017.06.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090340684
    417 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    418 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.066 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004561373
    419 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    420 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2009.03.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033735950
    421 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    422 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2016.07.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030488395
    423 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    424 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0308-521x(02)00043-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006817517
    425 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    426 https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl024233 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018147932
    427 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    428 https://doi.org/10.1029/2006gl026242 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020499564
    429 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    430 https://doi.org/10.1029/2006gl026267 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026479170
    431 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    432 https://doi.org/10.1029/2009rg000282 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037672491
    433 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    434 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl052647 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044275966
    435 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    436 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl052815 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020051076
    437 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    438 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl053326 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016557913
    439 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    440 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012gl053370 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015263946
    441 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    442 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012jd018015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013531653
    443 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    444 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1615880114 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085721704
    445 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    446 https://doi.org/10.1080/1755876x.2015.1022329 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017947491
    447 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    448 https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa57ab schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059174220
    449 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    450 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1139540 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062455299
    451 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    452 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aag3087 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062668373
    453 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    454 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-statistics-010814-020148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084228372
    455 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    456 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1997)078<1069:apicow>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009323796
    457 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    458 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<0313:tcmipc>2.3.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006286268
    459 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    460 https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jcli2231.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050227528
    461 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    462 https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jcli2561.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024802625
    463 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    464 https://doi.org/10.1175/2009bams2778.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002657974
    465 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    466 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-87-12-1699 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041198039
    467 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    468 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-11-00094.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051805105
    469 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    470 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-12-00241.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007871965
    471 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    472 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-13-00028.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020756691
    473 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    474 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00184.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045694934
    475 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    476 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-16-0286.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092145339
    477 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    478 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-17-0025.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090915572
    479 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    480 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-17-0036.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084239478
    481 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    482 https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-15-0102.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063454660
    483 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    484 https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-12-0331.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007131779
    485 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    486 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-11-00633.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018240185
    487 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    488 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-12-00626.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040892228
    489 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    490 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0508.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016828316
    491 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    492 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0127.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063455304
    493 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    494 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-16-0712.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084239605
    495 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    496 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli3868.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005337827
    497 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    498 https://doi.org/10.3354/cr00963 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071158746
    499 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    500 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-2247-2017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086157313
    501 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    502 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-1937-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072670599
    503 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    504 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-2701-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023121780
    505 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    506 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3685-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031627509
    507 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    508 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3751-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032376066
    509 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    510 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.10097.3f schema:alternateName Barcelona Supercomputing Center
    511 schema:name Barcelona Supercomputing Center, Barcelona, Spain
    512 ICREA, Pg. Lluis Companys, Barcelona, Spain
    513 rdf:type schema:Organization
    514 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1527.1 schema:alternateName Bureau of Meteorology
    515 schema:name Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    516 rdf:type schema:Organization
    517 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37 schema:alternateName Met Office
    518 schema:name Met Office Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Exeter, UK
    519 rdf:type schema:Organization
    520 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e schema:alternateName University of California Los Angeles
    521 schema:name University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    522 rdf:type schema:Organization
    523 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.237586.d schema:alternateName Japan Meteorological Agency
    524 schema:name Japan Meteorological Agency, Tokyo, Japan
    525 rdf:type schema:Organization
    526 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26999.3d schema:alternateName University of Tokyo
    527 schema:name Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan
    528 rdf:type schema:Organization
    529 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.34421.30 schema:alternateName Iowa State University
    530 schema:name Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA
    531 rdf:type schema:Organization
    532 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.38275.3b schema:alternateName German Meteorological Service
    533 schema:name Deutscher Wetterdienst, Hamburg, Germany
    534 Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany
    535 rdf:type schema:Organization
    536 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410334.1 schema:alternateName Environment Canada
    537 schema:name Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis, Environment Canada and Climate Change, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    538 rdf:type schema:Organization
    539 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424023.3 schema:alternateName Institute of Atmospheric Physics
    540 schema:name LASG, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    541 rdf:type schema:Organization
    542 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.426193.b schema:alternateName World Meteorological Organization
    543 schema:name World Climate Applications and Services Division, Climate Prediction and Adaptation Branch, Climate and Water Department, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    544 rdf:type schema:Organization
    545 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.42781.38 schema:alternateName European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
    546 schema:name European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts, Reading, UK
    547 rdf:type schema:Organization
    548 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.450268.d schema:alternateName Max Planck Institute for Meteorology
    549 schema:name Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany
    550 rdf:type schema:Organization
    551 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464551.7 schema:alternateName Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences
    552 schema:name Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    553 Physical Sciences Division, NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, CO, USA
    554 rdf:type schema:Organization
    555 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.473157.3 schema:alternateName Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
    556 schema:name Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Earth Institute, Columbia University, Palisades, NY, USA
    557 rdf:type schema:Organization
    558 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8391.3 schema:alternateName University of Exeter
    559 schema:name College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    560 Met Office Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Exeter, UK
    561 rdf:type schema:Organization
    562 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9435.b schema:alternateName University of Reading
    563 schema:name National Centre for Atmospheric Science, Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading, UK
    564 rdf:type schema:Organization
    565 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9764.c schema:alternateName Kiel University
    566 schema:name Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    567 GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    568 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...