Taking climate model evaluation to the next level View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-01-07

AUTHORS

Veronika Eyring, Peter M. Cox, Gregory M. Flato, Peter J. Gleckler, Gab Abramowitz, Peter Caldwell, William D. Collins, Bettina K. Gier, Alex D. Hall, Forrest M. Hoffman, George C. Hurtt, Alexandra Jahn, Chris D. Jones, Stephen A. Klein, John P. Krasting, Lester Kwiatkowski, Ruth Lorenz, Eric Maloney, Gerald A. Meehl, Angeline G. Pendergrass, Robert Pincus, Alex C. Ruane, Joellen L. Russell, Benjamin M. Sanderson, Benjamin D. Santer, Steven C. Sherwood, Isla R. Simpson, Ronald J. Stouffer, Mark S. Williamson

ABSTRACT

Earth system models are complex and represent a large number of processes, resulting in a persistent spread across climate projections for a given future scenario. Owing to different model performances against observations and the lack of independence among models, there is now evidence that giving equal weight to each available model projection is suboptimal. This Perspective discusses newly developed tools that facilitate a more rapid and comprehensive evaluation of model simulations with observations, process-based emergent constraints that are a promising way to focus evaluation on the observations most relevant to climate projections, and advanced methods for model weighting. These approaches are needed to distil the most credible information on regional climate changes, impacts, and risks for stakeholders and policy-makers. Earth system models project likely future climates, however, evaluation of their output is challenging. This Perspective discusses new evaluation approaches, considering both simulations and observations, to ensure credible information for decision-making. More... »

PAGES

1-9

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2010-08. Weighting of model results for improving best estimates of climate change in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2015-12. Identifying causal gateways and mediators in complex spatio-temporal systems in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2018-01. Emergent constraint on equilibrium climate sensitivity from global temperature variability in NATURE
  • 2014-01. Spread in model climate sensitivity traced to atmospheric convective mixing in NATURE
  • 2012-10. Sensitivity of tropical precipitation extremes to climate change in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
  • 2014-03. Volcanic contribution to decadal changes in tropospheric temperature in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
  • 2002-09. Constraints on future changes in climate and the hydrologic cycle in NATURE
  • 2013-02. Sensitivity of tropical carbon to climate change constrained by carbon dioxide variability in NATURE
  • 2014-10. Climate model simulations of the observed early-2000s hiatus of global warming in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2016-06-02. Initialized decadal prediction for transition to positive phase of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2017-05. Emergent constraints on projections of declining primary production in the tropical oceans in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2017-05. An observation-based constraint on permafrost loss as a function of global warming in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2017-10. Western Pacific emergent constraint lowers projected increase in Indian summer monsoon rainfall in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2010-10. The end of model democracy? in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2014-03. A global perspective on CMIP5 climate model biases in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2015-12. An observational radiative constraint on hydrologic cycle intensification in NATURE
  • 2013-09. Overestimated global warming over the past 20 years in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2016-05. Robustness, uncertainties, and emergent constraints in the radiative responses of stratocumulus cloud regimes to future warming in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2015-12. Emergent Constraints for Cloud Feedbacks in CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGE REPORTS
  • 2016-10. Projected land photosynthesis constrained by changes in the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO2 in NATURE
  • 2015-07. ENSO in CMIP5 simulations: network connectivity from the recent past to the twenty-third century in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2013-08. Climate model dependence and the replicate Earth paradigm in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-12. Selection of a representative subset of global climate models that captures the profile of regional changes for integrated climate impacts assessment in EARTH PERSPECTIVES
  • 2016-03. Making sense of the early-2000s warming slowdown in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2013-05. Interpretation of the positive low-cloud feedback predicted by a climate model under global warming in CLIMATE DYNAMICS
  • 2017-06. Strong constraints on aerosol–cloud interactions from volcanic eruptions in NATURE
  • 2018-06. Future climate risk from compound events in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • 2017-11. Towards process-informed bias correction of climate change simulations in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111102148


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0401", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Atmospheric Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Earth Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Bremen", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7704.4", 
              "name": [
                "Deutsches Zentrum f\u00fcr Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Institut f\u00fcr Physik der Atmosph\u00e4re, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany", 
                "University of Bremen, Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP), Bremen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Eyring", 
            "givenName": "Veronika", 
            "id": "sg:person.01164127165.40", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01164127165.40"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Exeter", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8391.3", 
              "name": [
                "College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Cox", 
            "givenName": "Peter M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01067107161.45", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01067107161.45"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Environment Canada", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410334.1", 
              "name": [
                "Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Flato", 
            "givenName": "Gregory M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01115357112.02", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01115357112.02"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.250008.f", 
              "name": [
                "Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gleckler", 
            "givenName": "Peter J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01334227162.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01334227162.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "UNSW Australia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1005.4", 
              "name": [
                "Climate Change Research Centre and ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Abramowitz", 
            "givenName": "Gab", 
            "id": "sg:person.012701116237.92", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012701116237.92"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.250008.f", 
              "name": [
                "Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Caldwell", 
            "givenName": "Peter", 
            "id": "sg:person.01103552162.64", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01103552162.64"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of California, Berkeley", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f", 
              "name": [
                "Climate and Ecosystem Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
                "Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Collins", 
            "givenName": "William D.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Bremen", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7704.4", 
              "name": [
                "Deutsches Zentrum f\u00fcr Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Institut f\u00fcr Physik der Atmosph\u00e4re, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany", 
                "University of Bremen, Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP), Bremen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gier", 
            "givenName": "Bettina K.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015627103614.71", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015627103614.71"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of California Los Angeles", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e", 
              "name": [
                "University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hall", 
            "givenName": "Alex D.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Tennessee at Knoxville", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411461.7", 
              "name": [
                "Computational Earth Sciences Group and Climate Change Science Institute, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA", 
                "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hoffman", 
            "givenName": "Forrest M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.014651066642.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014651066642.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Maryland, College Park", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.164295.d", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hurtt", 
            "givenName": "George C.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01165674524.76", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01165674524.76"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Colorado Boulder", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266190.a", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Jahn", 
            "givenName": "Alexandra", 
            "id": "sg:person.014665666551.44", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014665666551.44"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Met Office", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37", 
              "name": [
                "Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Jones", 
            "givenName": "Chris D.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.250008.f", 
              "name": [
                "Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Klein", 
            "givenName": "Stephen A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01035666162.75", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035666162.75"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.482795.5", 
              "name": [
                "Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, NOAA, Princeton, NJ, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Krasting", 
            "givenName": "John P.", 
            "id": "sg:person.014527031205.51", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014527031205.51"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423115.0", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratoire de M\u00e9t\u00e9orologie Dynamique (LMD), IPSL, Paris, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kwiatkowski", 
            "givenName": "Lester", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5801.c", 
              "name": [
                "Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lorenz", 
            "givenName": "Ruth", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464551.7", 
              "name": [
                "Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Maloney", 
            "givenName": "Eric", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
              "name": [
                "National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Meehl", 
            "givenName": "Gerald A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0667652200.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0667652200.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
              "name": [
                "National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Pendergrass", 
            "givenName": "Angeline G.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0631265156.00", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0631265156.00"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464551.7", 
              "name": [
                "Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Pincus", 
            "givenName": "Robert", 
            "id": "sg:person.01042753242.17", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01042753242.17"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Goddard Institute for Space Studies", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419078.3", 
              "name": [
                "NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, NY, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ruane", 
            "givenName": "Alex C.", 
            "id": "sg:person.014763175655.82", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014763175655.82"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Arizona", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.134563.6", 
              "name": [
                "University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Russell", 
            "givenName": "Joellen L.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
              "name": [
                "National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sanderson", 
            "givenName": "Benjamin M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015440676217.87", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015440676217.87"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.250008.f", 
              "name": [
                "Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Santer", 
            "givenName": "Benjamin D.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01234767320.60", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01234767320.60"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "UNSW Australia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1005.4", 
              "name": [
                "Climate Change Research Centre and ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sherwood", 
            "givenName": "Steven C.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "National Center for Atmospheric Research", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30", 
              "name": [
                "National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Simpson", 
            "givenName": "Isla R.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015422361011.38", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015422361011.38"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Arizona", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.134563.6", 
              "name": [
                "University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Stouffer", 
            "givenName": "Ronald J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015367614247.25", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015367614247.25"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Exeter", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8391.3", 
              "name": [
                "College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Williamson", 
            "givenName": "Mark S.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10584-010-9800-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000824091", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9800-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10584-010-9800-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000824091", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9800-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-12-00548.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000958393"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/2010jcli3814.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001648401"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-4185-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003376215"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-14-00362.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004370236"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.09.016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005759939"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/2011bams2856.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005790723"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1635:pscatt>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005798220"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<0313:tcmipc>2.3.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006286268"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2118", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007897400", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2118"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-13-00589.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007968371"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2750-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008654394", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2750-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature19772", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008663939", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature19772"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2098", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008863748", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2098"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50203", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009684696"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1312330110", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009879152"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-8-5699-2008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009963944"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate1972", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010217899", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1972"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-88-9-1383", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010559256"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2014eo490002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012066192"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-13-00163.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012743263"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0897.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013410557"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl059205", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013617309"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-009-0659-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013937483", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-009-0659-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-009-0659-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013937483", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-009-0659-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-009-0659-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013937483", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-009-0659-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl064119", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015481564"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl064119", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015481564"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature12829", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016927016", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12829"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2938", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017249601", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2938"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.147", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018192357"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2007gl031936", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018293044"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3493-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018929222"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-4087-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019366853"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms11718", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021744397", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11718"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.338", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023151760"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2010gl042873", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024074715"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jg002591", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024138348"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-14-00216.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025110741"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-015-0027-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025182217", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-015-0027-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2010jd014954", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025290126"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-014-2412-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026861436", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-014-2412-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-14-00361.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027440901"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature11882", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027512103", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11882"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-011-1279-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031005835", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-011-1279-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaa5632", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031432406"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2012ms000154", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032078983"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-3857-2012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032257260"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-14-00364.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032269473"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms9502", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032657331", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9502"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2012.04.093", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032734274"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-13-071.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035266288"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo1568", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035983917", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1568"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl025127", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036354691"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl025127", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036354691"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1610-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037501898", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1610-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-261-2015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039189890"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli4186.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042441938"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00013.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043071729"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0412.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043075922"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-6775-2015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043219704"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2011gl046864", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043462392"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2357", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046449397", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2357"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-6-1383-2012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046493005"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046916950", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01092"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046916950", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01092"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046916950", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01092"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature15770", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047355547", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature15770"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/hessd-12-13197-2015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047928225"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0901736106", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050002353"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jg002381", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050337179"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00135.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050792599"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl064833", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051444231"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-11-00094.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051805105"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-7-813-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051875634"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2016eo051663", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056349191"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1114772", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062452406"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1237554", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062468154"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-1221-2015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072670424"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-1747-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072670587"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-1937-2016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072670599"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-359-2017", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074189968"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl072012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083757113"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40322-017-0036-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252875", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40322-017-0036-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40322-017-0036-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252875", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40322-017-0036-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3262", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084756907", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3262"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3262", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084756907", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3262"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3265", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084759297", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3265"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3265", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084759297", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3265"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/2017gl073151", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085885902"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature22974", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086111947", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22974"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature22974", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086111947", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22974"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-2379-2017", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090287490"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3387", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091828818", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3387"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3387", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091828818", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3387"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3418", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092504071", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3418"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3418", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092504071", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3418"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature25450", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100426955", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25450"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature25450", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100426955", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25450"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-9-33-2018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100441657"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-9-135-2018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101140946"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-1033-2018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101538300"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2017jd027992", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103436628"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tpami.2018.2823766", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103722863"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tpami.2018.2823766", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103722863"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/tpami.2018.2823766", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103722863"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0156-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103956857", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0156-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2018jd028549", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104256485"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2018-51", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105424718"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2018jd028481", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106016841"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/2018gl079128", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107147562"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-01-07", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-01-07", 
        "description": "Earth system models are complex and represent a large number of processes, resulting in a persistent spread across climate projections for a given future scenario. Owing to different model performances against observations and the lack of independence among models, there is now evidence that giving equal weight to each available model projection is suboptimal. This Perspective discusses newly developed tools that facilitate a more rapid and comprehensive evaluation of model simulations with observations, process-based emergent constraints that are a promising way to focus evaluation on the observations most relevant to climate projections, and advanced methods for model weighting. These approaches are needed to distil the most credible information on regional climate changes, impacts, and risks for stakeholders and policy-makers. Earth system models project likely future climates, however, evaluation of their output is challenging. This Perspective discusses new evaluation approaches, considering both simulations and observations, to ensure credible information for decision-making.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.4056923", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.4320585", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1044959", 
            "issn": [
              "1758-678X", 
              "1758-6798"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature Climate Change", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Taking climate model evaluation to the next level", 
        "pagination": "1-9", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "a58f97ae48fba5b8f7465e6f1129ff48365d4a92b04f4ba58143ee85321b84ae"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1111102148"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111102148"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T08:36", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000314_0000000314/records_55838_00000000.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-018-0355-y"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    616 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      120 URIs      16 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y schema:about anzsrc-for:04
    2 anzsrc-for:0401
    3 schema:author Ncccdd522ee0a4976ba532c98abd39706
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-009-0659-8
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-011-1279-7
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1610-y
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-014-2412-1
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2750-7
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s10584-010-9800-2
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-015-0027-1
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/nature11882
    13 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12829
    14 sg:pub.10.1038/nature15770
    15 sg:pub.10.1038/nature19772
    16 sg:pub.10.1038/nature22974
    17 sg:pub.10.1038/nature25450
    18 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate1972
    19 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2118
    20 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2357
    21 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2938
    22 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3262
    23 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3265
    24 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3387
    25 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3418
    26 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms11718
    27 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms9502
    28 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo1568
    29 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2098
    30 sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0156-3
    31 sg:pub.10.1186/s40322-017-0036-4
    32 https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jg002381
    33 https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jg002591
    34 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014eo490002
    35 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl059205
    36 https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl064119
    37 https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl064833
    38 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl072012
    39 https://doi.org/10.1002/2017gl073151
    40 https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50203
    41 https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.147
    42 https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.338
    43 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.09.016
    44 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2012.04.093
    45 https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl025127
    46 https://doi.org/10.1029/2007gl031936
    47 https://doi.org/10.1029/2010gl042873
    48 https://doi.org/10.1029/2010jd014954
    49 https://doi.org/10.1029/2011gl046864
    50 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012ms000154
    51 https://doi.org/10.1029/2016eo051663
    52 https://doi.org/10.1029/2017jd027992
    53 https://doi.org/10.1029/2018gl079128
    54 https://doi.org/10.1029/2018jd028481
    55 https://doi.org/10.1029/2018jd028549
    56 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0901736106
    57 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1312330110
    58 https://doi.org/10.1109/tpami.2018.2823766
    59 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1114772
    60 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1237554
    61 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaa5632
    62 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1635:pscatt>2.0.co;2
    63 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<0313:tcmipc>2.3.co;2
    64 https://doi.org/10.1175/2010jcli3814.1
    65 https://doi.org/10.1175/2011bams2856.1
    66 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-88-9-1383
    67 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-11-00094.1
    68 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-14-00216.1
    69 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00013.1
    70 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00135.1
    71 https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-13-071.1
    72 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-12-00548.1
    73 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-13-00163.1
    74 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-13-00589.1
    75 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-14-00361.1
    76 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-14-00362.1
    77 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-14-00364.1
    78 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0412.1
    79 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0897.1
    80 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli4186.1
    81 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-6775-2015
    82 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-8-5699-2008
    83 https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-3857-2012
    84 https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2018-51
    85 https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-7-813-2016
    86 https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-9-135-2018
    87 https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-9-33-2018
    88 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-2379-2017
    89 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-359-2017
    90 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-1033-2018
    91 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-1221-2015
    92 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-261-2015
    93 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-1747-2016
    94 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-1937-2016
    95 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3493-2016
    96 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-4087-2016
    97 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-4185-2016
    98 https://doi.org/10.5194/hessd-12-13197-2015
    99 https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-6-1383-2012
    100 schema:datePublished 2019-01-07
    101 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-01-07
    102 schema:description Earth system models are complex and represent a large number of processes, resulting in a persistent spread across climate projections for a given future scenario. Owing to different model performances against observations and the lack of independence among models, there is now evidence that giving equal weight to each available model projection is suboptimal. This Perspective discusses newly developed tools that facilitate a more rapid and comprehensive evaluation of model simulations with observations, process-based emergent constraints that are a promising way to focus evaluation on the observations most relevant to climate projections, and advanced methods for model weighting. These approaches are needed to distil the most credible information on regional climate changes, impacts, and risks for stakeholders and policy-makers. Earth system models project likely future climates, however, evaluation of their output is challenging. This Perspective discusses new evaluation approaches, considering both simulations and observations, to ensure credible information for decision-making.
    103 schema:genre research_article
    104 schema:inLanguage en
    105 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    106 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1044959
    107 schema:name Taking climate model evaluation to the next level
    108 schema:pagination 1-9
    109 schema:productId N1d710d44f3da4999a28075105ce0d1d3
    110 N46e67a35c60c46fd84ec69e5fb64f44e
    111 N4b5f1a6cd708430097416a6c10981b90
    112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111102148
    113 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y
    114 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T08:36
    115 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    116 schema:sdPublisher N210010effdba4a98accd535eb19f5570
    117 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-018-0355-y
    118 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    119 sgo:sdDataset articles
    120 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    121 N0dc0841e4fa748e78c3fad093cbf8893 rdf:first Nda862ddde66e46ca8dce3aff8558a9fa
    122 rdf:rest Nc43c6b32f5534565be2390746b97bf38
    123 N1403c1fe338341539bba8026877a9571 rdf:first sg:person.01103552162.64
    124 rdf:rest N889cf3249c3b4d1cb985ef9172ebabd9
    125 N1a3b22399451497d9ab5de9dd581aa05 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37
    126 schema:familyName Jones
    127 schema:givenName Chris D.
    128 rdf:type schema:Person
    129 N1d710d44f3da4999a28075105ce0d1d3 schema:name doi
    130 schema:value 10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y
    131 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    132 N210010effdba4a98accd535eb19f5570 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    133 rdf:type schema:Organization
    134 N210defea84984f17ab6d35646c18e7b7 rdf:first sg:person.01334227162.29
    135 rdf:rest N3b0436a30ebd419dae34174ece63dfe1
    136 N22861bc47dec493ebf36542b62504ee8 rdf:first sg:person.014651066642.29
    137 rdf:rest N4def1b839ddf43d9a3e4222b6e1d04bd
    138 N26b6c19431c64c76a731d9df42135e10 rdf:first sg:person.014527031205.51
    139 rdf:rest Na5d2647a0487487096b147d507a11006
    140 N29eb154b45f64d7eb2a0aa56493d6ff2 rdf:first N90debda3f60646868d8bb93bb1ab3949
    141 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    142 N32ea86c781f74dbe8074d19dc49fe667 rdf:first sg:person.015627103614.71
    143 rdf:rest N389ed40070464c25bb65f2b24d4cc782
    144 N389ed40070464c25bb65f2b24d4cc782 rdf:first Nacf679e0437d4a4bb43943f8b13c1283
    145 rdf:rest N22861bc47dec493ebf36542b62504ee8
    146 N3b0436a30ebd419dae34174ece63dfe1 rdf:first sg:person.012701116237.92
    147 rdf:rest N1403c1fe338341539bba8026877a9571
    148 N46e67a35c60c46fd84ec69e5fb64f44e schema:name dimensions_id
    149 schema:value pub.1111102148
    150 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    151 N4b5f1a6cd708430097416a6c10981b90 schema:name readcube_id
    152 schema:value a58f97ae48fba5b8f7465e6f1129ff48365d4a92b04f4ba58143ee85321b84ae
    153 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    154 N4def1b839ddf43d9a3e4222b6e1d04bd rdf:first sg:person.01165674524.76
    155 rdf:rest Nd1909905ceb04698bf66396ff3d62ac3
    156 N4f4ac9ece1f8415bb4fcb23c13e7fa1d rdf:first sg:person.01035666162.75
    157 rdf:rest N26b6c19431c64c76a731d9df42135e10
    158 N51575f738d654572abe36a14f53818e5 rdf:first sg:person.015440676217.87
    159 rdf:rest Nca0ef0b8ca3e4fbea26cbce1b2cd004a
    160 N51a234db905d470a93a5095bceaa9951 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464551.7
    161 schema:familyName Maloney
    162 schema:givenName Eric
    163 rdf:type schema:Person
    164 N5711aa86c51d4b4f9ec92ac455d3a1ff rdf:first sg:person.0667652200.29
    165 rdf:rest N9133326baf3a445ba2d0c6024608915a
    166 N6968bb4d322a437488c0cd02e5abe54b schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f
    167 schema:familyName Collins
    168 schema:givenName William D.
    169 rdf:type schema:Person
    170 N73601dd42bed4c69be0744e9bbc25593 rdf:first N1a3b22399451497d9ab5de9dd581aa05
    171 rdf:rest N4f4ac9ece1f8415bb4fcb23c13e7fa1d
    172 N82ceb800f9104bb0990aadf3ded4147f rdf:first sg:person.01115357112.02
    173 rdf:rest N210defea84984f17ab6d35646c18e7b7
    174 N885319b80146466088fbd2625b2c0a05 rdf:first N9392a60759e44c228fad56325b4037a5
    175 rdf:rest N929ac3100ac04882b784e6d7138c310a
    176 N889cf3249c3b4d1cb985ef9172ebabd9 rdf:first N6968bb4d322a437488c0cd02e5abe54b
    177 rdf:rest N32ea86c781f74dbe8074d19dc49fe667
    178 N90debda3f60646868d8bb93bb1ab3949 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8391.3
    179 schema:familyName Williamson
    180 schema:givenName Mark S.
    181 rdf:type schema:Person
    182 N9133326baf3a445ba2d0c6024608915a rdf:first sg:person.0631265156.00
    183 rdf:rest Nb87c777426584fe1923c4a9f11ffc034
    184 N929ac3100ac04882b784e6d7138c310a rdf:first sg:person.015422361011.38
    185 rdf:rest N957c8c662b4b43479c097813f2f81f0e
    186 N9392a60759e44c228fad56325b4037a5 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1005.4
    187 schema:familyName Sherwood
    188 schema:givenName Steven C.
    189 rdf:type schema:Person
    190 N957c8c662b4b43479c097813f2f81f0e rdf:first sg:person.015367614247.25
    191 rdf:rest N29eb154b45f64d7eb2a0aa56493d6ff2
    192 Na2c9224b033e468fbc13f877546ab533 rdf:first sg:person.014763175655.82
    193 rdf:rest Nab458e05e6d548259ecaa653c71b6ce7
    194 Na48bf43746d54c0b99e2c9d403ad8070 rdf:first sg:person.01067107161.45
    195 rdf:rest N82ceb800f9104bb0990aadf3ded4147f
    196 Na5d2647a0487487096b147d507a11006 rdf:first Nd9446f0300df4e96aa9dc83d7764e0c5
    197 rdf:rest N0dc0841e4fa748e78c3fad093cbf8893
    198 Nab458e05e6d548259ecaa653c71b6ce7 rdf:first Nbedb9a4721b04288866c1cc533554143
    199 rdf:rest N51575f738d654572abe36a14f53818e5
    200 Nacf679e0437d4a4bb43943f8b13c1283 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e
    201 schema:familyName Hall
    202 schema:givenName Alex D.
    203 rdf:type schema:Person
    204 Nb87c777426584fe1923c4a9f11ffc034 rdf:first sg:person.01042753242.17
    205 rdf:rest Na2c9224b033e468fbc13f877546ab533
    206 Nbedb9a4721b04288866c1cc533554143 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.134563.6
    207 schema:familyName Russell
    208 schema:givenName Joellen L.
    209 rdf:type schema:Person
    210 Nc43c6b32f5534565be2390746b97bf38 rdf:first N51a234db905d470a93a5095bceaa9951
    211 rdf:rest N5711aa86c51d4b4f9ec92ac455d3a1ff
    212 Nca0ef0b8ca3e4fbea26cbce1b2cd004a rdf:first sg:person.01234767320.60
    213 rdf:rest N885319b80146466088fbd2625b2c0a05
    214 Ncccdd522ee0a4976ba532c98abd39706 rdf:first sg:person.01164127165.40
    215 rdf:rest Na48bf43746d54c0b99e2c9d403ad8070
    216 Nd1909905ceb04698bf66396ff3d62ac3 rdf:first sg:person.014665666551.44
    217 rdf:rest N73601dd42bed4c69be0744e9bbc25593
    218 Nd9446f0300df4e96aa9dc83d7764e0c5 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423115.0
    219 schema:familyName Kwiatkowski
    220 schema:givenName Lester
    221 rdf:type schema:Person
    222 Nda862ddde66e46ca8dce3aff8558a9fa schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5801.c
    223 schema:familyName Lorenz
    224 schema:givenName Ruth
    225 rdf:type schema:Person
    226 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    227 schema:name Earth Sciences
    228 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    229 anzsrc-for:0401 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    230 schema:name Atmospheric Sciences
    231 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    232 sg:grant.4056923 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y
    233 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    234 sg:grant.4320585 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y
    235 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    236 sg:journal.1044959 schema:issn 1758-678X
    237 1758-6798
    238 schema:name Nature Climate Change
    239 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    240 sg:person.01035666162.75 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.250008.f
    241 schema:familyName Klein
    242 schema:givenName Stephen A.
    243 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035666162.75
    244 rdf:type schema:Person
    245 sg:person.01042753242.17 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464551.7
    246 schema:familyName Pincus
    247 schema:givenName Robert
    248 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01042753242.17
    249 rdf:type schema:Person
    250 sg:person.01067107161.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8391.3
    251 schema:familyName Cox
    252 schema:givenName Peter M.
    253 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01067107161.45
    254 rdf:type schema:Person
    255 sg:person.01103552162.64 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.250008.f
    256 schema:familyName Caldwell
    257 schema:givenName Peter
    258 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01103552162.64
    259 rdf:type schema:Person
    260 sg:person.01115357112.02 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410334.1
    261 schema:familyName Flato
    262 schema:givenName Gregory M.
    263 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01115357112.02
    264 rdf:type schema:Person
    265 sg:person.01164127165.40 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7704.4
    266 schema:familyName Eyring
    267 schema:givenName Veronika
    268 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01164127165.40
    269 rdf:type schema:Person
    270 sg:person.01165674524.76 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.164295.d
    271 schema:familyName Hurtt
    272 schema:givenName George C.
    273 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01165674524.76
    274 rdf:type schema:Person
    275 sg:person.01234767320.60 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.250008.f
    276 schema:familyName Santer
    277 schema:givenName Benjamin D.
    278 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01234767320.60
    279 rdf:type schema:Person
    280 sg:person.012701116237.92 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1005.4
    281 schema:familyName Abramowitz
    282 schema:givenName Gab
    283 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012701116237.92
    284 rdf:type schema:Person
    285 sg:person.01334227162.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.250008.f
    286 schema:familyName Gleckler
    287 schema:givenName Peter J.
    288 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01334227162.29
    289 rdf:type schema:Person
    290 sg:person.014527031205.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.482795.5
    291 schema:familyName Krasting
    292 schema:givenName John P.
    293 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014527031205.51
    294 rdf:type schema:Person
    295 sg:person.014651066642.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411461.7
    296 schema:familyName Hoffman
    297 schema:givenName Forrest M.
    298 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014651066642.29
    299 rdf:type schema:Person
    300 sg:person.014665666551.44 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266190.a
    301 schema:familyName Jahn
    302 schema:givenName Alexandra
    303 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014665666551.44
    304 rdf:type schema:Person
    305 sg:person.014763175655.82 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419078.3
    306 schema:familyName Ruane
    307 schema:givenName Alex C.
    308 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014763175655.82
    309 rdf:type schema:Person
    310 sg:person.015367614247.25 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.134563.6
    311 schema:familyName Stouffer
    312 schema:givenName Ronald J.
    313 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015367614247.25
    314 rdf:type schema:Person
    315 sg:person.015422361011.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30
    316 schema:familyName Simpson
    317 schema:givenName Isla R.
    318 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015422361011.38
    319 rdf:type schema:Person
    320 sg:person.015440676217.87 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30
    321 schema:familyName Sanderson
    322 schema:givenName Benjamin M.
    323 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015440676217.87
    324 rdf:type schema:Person
    325 sg:person.015627103614.71 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7704.4
    326 schema:familyName Gier
    327 schema:givenName Bettina K.
    328 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015627103614.71
    329 rdf:type schema:Person
    330 sg:person.0631265156.00 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30
    331 schema:familyName Pendergrass
    332 schema:givenName Angeline G.
    333 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0631265156.00
    334 rdf:type schema:Person
    335 sg:person.0667652200.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30
    336 schema:familyName Meehl
    337 schema:givenName Gerald A.
    338 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0667652200.29
    339 rdf:type schema:Person
    340 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-009-0659-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013937483
    341 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-009-0659-8
    342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    343 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-011-1279-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031005835
    344 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-011-1279-7
    345 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    346 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-012-1610-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037501898
    347 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1610-y
    348 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    349 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-014-2412-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026861436
    350 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-014-2412-1
    351 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    352 sg:pub.10.1007/s00382-015-2750-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008654394
    353 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2750-7
    354 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    355 sg:pub.10.1007/s10584-010-9800-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000824091
    356 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9800-2
    357 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    358 sg:pub.10.1007/s40641-015-0027-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025182217
    359 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40641-015-0027-1
    360 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    361 sg:pub.10.1038/nature01092 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046916950
    362 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01092
    363 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    364 sg:pub.10.1038/nature11882 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027512103
    365 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11882
    366 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    367 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12829 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016927016
    368 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12829
    369 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    370 sg:pub.10.1038/nature15770 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047355547
    371 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature15770
    372 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    373 sg:pub.10.1038/nature19772 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008663939
    374 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature19772
    375 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    376 sg:pub.10.1038/nature22974 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086111947
    377 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22974
    378 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    379 sg:pub.10.1038/nature25450 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100426955
    380 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25450
    381 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    382 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate1972 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010217899
    383 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1972
    384 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    385 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2118 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007897400
    386 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2118
    387 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    388 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2357 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046449397
    389 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2357
    390 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    391 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate2938 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017249601
    392 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2938
    393 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    394 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3262 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084756907
    395 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3262
    396 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    397 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3265 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084759297
    398 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3265
    399 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    400 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3387 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091828818
    401 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3387
    402 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    403 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate3418 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092504071
    404 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3418
    405 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    406 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms11718 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021744397
    407 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms11718
    408 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    409 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms9502 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032657331
    410 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9502
    411 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    412 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo1568 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035983917
    413 https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1568
    414 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    415 sg:pub.10.1038/ngeo2098 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008863748
    416 https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2098
    417 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    418 sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-018-0156-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103956857
    419 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0156-3
    420 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    421 sg:pub.10.1186/s40322-017-0036-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084252875
    422 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40322-017-0036-4
    423 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    424 https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jg002381 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050337179
    425 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    426 https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jg002591 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024138348
    427 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    428 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014eo490002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012066192
    429 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    430 https://doi.org/10.1002/2014gl059205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013617309
    431 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    432 https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl064119 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015481564
    433 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    434 https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gl064833 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051444231
    435 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    436 https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl072012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083757113
    437 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    438 https://doi.org/10.1002/2017gl073151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085885902
    439 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    440 https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50203 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009684696
    441 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    442 https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018192357
    443 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    444 https://doi.org/10.1002/wcc.338 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023151760
    445 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    446 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.09.016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005759939
    447 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    448 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2012.04.093 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032734274
    449 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    450 https://doi.org/10.1029/2005gl025127 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036354691
    451 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    452 https://doi.org/10.1029/2007gl031936 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018293044
    453 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    454 https://doi.org/10.1029/2010gl042873 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024074715
    455 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    456 https://doi.org/10.1029/2010jd014954 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025290126
    457 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    458 https://doi.org/10.1029/2011gl046864 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043462392
    459 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    460 https://doi.org/10.1029/2012ms000154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032078983
    461 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    462 https://doi.org/10.1029/2016eo051663 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056349191
    463 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    464 https://doi.org/10.1029/2017jd027992 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103436628
    465 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    466 https://doi.org/10.1029/2018gl079128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107147562
    467 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    468 https://doi.org/10.1029/2018jd028481 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106016841
    469 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    470 https://doi.org/10.1029/2018jd028549 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104256485
    471 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    472 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0901736106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050002353
    473 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    474 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1312330110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009879152
    475 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    476 https://doi.org/10.1109/tpami.2018.2823766 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103722863
    477 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    478 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1114772 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062452406
    479 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    480 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1237554 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062468154
    481 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    482 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaa5632 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031432406
    483 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    484 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1996)009<1635:pscatt>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005798220
    485 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    486 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(2000)081<0313:tcmipc>2.3.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006286268
    487 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    488 https://doi.org/10.1175/2010jcli3814.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001648401
    489 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    490 https://doi.org/10.1175/2011bams2856.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005790723
    491 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    492 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-88-9-1383 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010559256
    493 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    494 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-11-00094.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051805105
    495 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    496 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-14-00216.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025110741
    497 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    498 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00013.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043071729
    499 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    500 https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-15-00135.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050792599
    501 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    502 https://doi.org/10.1175/jas-d-13-071.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035266288
    503 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    504 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-12-00548.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000958393
    505 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    506 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-13-00163.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012743263
    507 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    508 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-13-00589.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007968371
    509 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    510 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-14-00361.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027440901
    511 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    512 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-14-00362.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004370236
    513 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    514 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-14-00364.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032269473
    515 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    516 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0412.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043075922
    517 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    518 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0897.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013410557
    519 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    520 https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli4186.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042441938
    521 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    522 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-6775-2015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043219704
    523 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    524 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-8-5699-2008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009963944
    525 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    526 https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-3857-2012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032257260
    527 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    528 https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2018-51 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105424718
    529 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    530 https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-7-813-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051875634
    531 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    532 https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-9-135-2018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101140946
    533 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    534 https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-9-33-2018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100441657
    535 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    536 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-2379-2017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090287490
    537 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    538 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-359-2017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074189968
    539 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    540 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-1033-2018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101538300
    541 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    542 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-1221-2015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072670424
    543 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    544 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-8-261-2015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039189890
    545 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    546 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-1747-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072670587
    547 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    548 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-1937-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072670599
    549 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    550 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-3493-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018929222
    551 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    552 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-4087-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019366853
    553 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    554 https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-9-4185-2016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003376215
    555 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    556 https://doi.org/10.5194/hessd-12-13197-2015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047928225
    557 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    558 https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-6-1383-2012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046493005
    559 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    560 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1005.4 schema:alternateName UNSW Australia
    561 schema:name Climate Change Research Centre and ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    562 rdf:type schema:Organization
    563 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.134563.6 schema:alternateName University of Arizona
    564 schema:name University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
    565 rdf:type schema:Organization
    566 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.164295.d schema:alternateName University of Maryland, College Park
    567 schema:name Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
    568 rdf:type schema:Organization
    569 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17100.37 schema:alternateName Met Office
    570 schema:name Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK
    571 rdf:type schema:Organization
    572 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19006.3e schema:alternateName University of California Los Angeles
    573 schema:name University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    574 rdf:type schema:Organization
    575 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.250008.f schema:alternateName Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
    576 schema:name Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
    577 rdf:type schema:Organization
    578 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266190.a schema:alternateName University of Colorado Boulder
    579 schema:name Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    580 rdf:type schema:Organization
    581 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410334.1 schema:alternateName Environment Canada
    582 schema:name Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
    583 rdf:type schema:Organization
    584 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411461.7 schema:alternateName University of Tennessee at Knoxville
    585 schema:name Computational Earth Sciences Group and Climate Change Science Institute, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
    586 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
    587 rdf:type schema:Organization
    588 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.419078.3 schema:alternateName Goddard Institute for Space Studies
    589 schema:name NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, NY, USA
    590 rdf:type schema:Organization
    591 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423115.0 schema:alternateName Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace
    592 schema:name Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD), IPSL, Paris, France
    593 rdf:type schema:Organization
    594 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464551.7 schema:alternateName Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences
    595 schema:name Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
    596 rdf:type schema:Organization
    597 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f schema:alternateName University of California, Berkeley
    598 schema:name Climate and Ecosystem Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
    599 Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    600 rdf:type schema:Organization
    601 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.482795.5 schema:alternateName Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory
    602 schema:name Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, NOAA, Princeton, NJ, USA
    603 rdf:type schema:Organization
    604 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57828.30 schema:alternateName National Center for Atmospheric Research
    605 schema:name National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO, USA
    606 rdf:type schema:Organization
    607 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5801.c schema:alternateName Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich
    608 schema:name Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    609 rdf:type schema:Organization
    610 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7704.4 schema:alternateName University of Bremen
    611 schema:name Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
    612 University of Bremen, Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP), Bremen, Germany
    613 rdf:type schema:Organization
    614 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8391.3 schema:alternateName University of Exeter
    615 schema:name College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    616 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...