Evolution of Saturn’s mid-sized moons View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04-01

AUTHORS

Marc Neveu, Alyssa R. Rhoden

ABSTRACT

The orbits of Saturn’s inner mid-sized moons (Mimas, Enceladus, Tethys, Dione and Rhea) have been notably difficult to reconcile with their geology. Here we present numerical simulations coupling thermal, geophysical and simplified orbital evolution for 4.5 billion years that reproduce the observed characteristics of their orbits and interiors, provided that the outer four moons are old. Tidal dissipation within Saturn expands the moons’ orbits over time. Dissipation within the moons decreases their eccentricities, which are episodically increased by moon−moon interactions, causing past or present oceans to exist in the interiors of Enceladus, Dione and Tethys. In contrast, Mimas’s proximity to Saturn’s rings generates interactions that cause such rapid orbital expansion that Mimas must have formed only 0.1−1 billion years ago if it postdates the rings. The resulting lack of radionuclides keeps it geologically inactive. These simulations explain the Mimas−Enceladus dichotomy, reconcile the moons’ orbital properties and geological diversity, and self-consistently produce a recent ocean on Enceladus. A coupled thermal, geophysical and dynamical simulation covering 4.5 Gyr of evolution of Saturn’s inner mid-sized moons shows that, with the possible exception of Mimas, they formed early in Saturn’s history. A complex game of resonances has impacted the four older moons, shaping their geology and interior. More... »

PAGES

1-10

Journal

TITLE

Nature Astronomy

ISSUE

N/A

VOLUME

N/A

From Grant

  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41550-019-0726-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41550-019-0726-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113157408


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