Large-scale remediation of oil-contaminated water using floating treatment wetlands View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Muhammad Afzal, Khadeeja Rehman, Ghulam Shabir, Razia Tahseen, Amna Ijaz, Amer J. Hashmat, Hans Brix

ABSTRACT

The contamination of water with hydrocarbons resulting from oil exploration and production highlights the need for efficient and environmentally friendly technology to mitigate this form of water pollution. Floating treatment wetlands are a sustainable approach for remediating contaminated water. In this large-scale study, we used four different plants, Phragmites australis, Typha domingensis, Leptochloa fusca, and Brachiaria mutica, to vegetate a floating mat with an area of 3058 m2 made from locally sourced materials. The floating treatment wetlands constructed in this manner were used to treat an oil-contaminated water stabilization pit resulting from oil and gas exploration activities in District Chakwal, Pakistan. The plants and the water in the pit were inoculated with a consortium of 10 different hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria. The application of floating treatment wetlands to the pit reduced chemical oxygen demand, biochemical oxygen demand, total dissolved solids, hydrocarbon content, and heavy metals by 97.4%, 98.9%, 82.4%, 99.1%, and 80%, respectively, within 18 months. All plants survived and showed growth, but maximum development and biomass production were exhibited by P. australis. Moreover, the bacteria used for inoculation were able to persist and show degradation activity in the water as well as in the rhizoplane, roots, and shoots of the plants. We conclude that floating treatment wetlands can be applied to oil-contaminated water stabilization pits for affordable and effective water treatment. Floating treatment wetlands, in combination with hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria, can effectively treat oil-contaminated water. Hydrocarbon-contaminated water pits are a result of oil and gas exploration. An international team from Pakistan, Denmark and the USA demonstrate an effective means for the large-area treatment of such pits at a site in Pakistan. They create a floating mat composed of four different plants and inoculate the mat with ten types of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria. Within 18 months a number of key water quality parameters are improved by at least 80%, and the plants not only survived but grew. This study demonstrates that floating treatment wetlands can be effective for the long-term clean-up of oil-contaminated water. More... »

PAGES

3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41545-018-0025-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41545-018-0025-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111273856


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