Inhibiting hydrogen embrittlement in ultra-strong steels for automotive applications by Ni-alloying View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Sung Jin Kim, Eun Hye Hwang, Jin Sung Park, Seung Min Ryu, Dae Won Yun, Hwan Goo Seong

ABSTRACT

With the stricter international regulations on CO2 emissions, fuel economy, and auto-safety, the application of novel materials with both higher strength and lower weight is becoming a major technical issue in automotive industries. Among the various lightweight concepts, ultra-strong GIGA STEEL with a tensile strength of more than 2 GPa is a major breakthrough in light of the remarkable weight reduction of vehicle without a decrease in auto-safety. Despite the outstanding mechanical performance, hydrogen embrittlement induced by aqueous and/or atmospheric corrosion is a serious problem that has restricted the application of steel to auto-parts. This study reports that such a critical challenge can be overcome by Ni-alloying, which leads to a lower cathodic reduction rate on the steel surface and slower H-infusion kinetics in the steel matrix. In contrast to the beneficial effects of Ni-alloying, conflicting results can be obtained when steel with a higher Ni content (≥1 wt.%) is exposed to neutral-corrosive environments, but the results have not been verified using conventional metallurgical approaches. This paper proposes a mechanism for these conflicting results, and provides a new and economic strategy for superior resistance to corrosion-induced hydrogen embrittlement, by making optimal use of Ni-alloying of ultra-strong steel. More... »

PAGES

12

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41529-019-0074-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41529-019-0074-5

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