A simple method for the inhibition of the corrosion of carbon steel by molten nitrate salt for thermal storage in ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Yaroslav Grosu, Udayashankar Nithiyanantham, Abdelali Zaki, Abdessamad Faik

ABSTRACT

Corrosion is an important issue in high-temperature applications such as Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) technology, playing a crucial role in the long-term use of storage tanks, heat exchanger and piping materials which account for a considerable component of the investment costs. While there are many studies regarding the corrosion rates of container materials under the conditions of CSP, there is little progress in the field of their degradation prevention by anticorrosion methods. This work presents an analysis of the corrosion mechanisms between the most economical construction material—carbon steel—and molten nitrate salt. A method to protect the carbon steel against corrosion by molten salt at high temperature was proposed, involving the formation of a calcium carbonate layer on the carbon steel surface. The stability of the layer was tested under isothermal and temperature cycling conditions up to 500 °C, in both inert and air atmospheres in the presence or absence of humidity. The protection method proposed has potential to reduce investment costs for CSP technology. Spraying a thin coat of graphite on carbon steel can significantly improve their resistance to nitrate salts at high temperatures. A team led by Yaroslav Grosu and Abdessemad Faik from CIC Energigune in Spain used spray graphitization to coat the surface of a carbon steel before burying it in a nitrate salt mixture and heating it above 300 °C. Whether in air or in an inert atmosphere, and whether held above 300 °C in humidity or thermally cycled for 500 h up to 500 °C, the sprayed graphite consistently promoted the formation of stable calcium carbonate crystals at the steel surface. This protective calcium carbonate layer stopped the steel from oxidising. Inhibiting steel corrosion when in contact with molten salts can help optimise materials for concentrated solar power technology and other high-temperature applications. More... »

PAGES

34

Journal

TITLE

npj Materials Degradation

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

2

Author Affiliations

From Grant

  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107912930


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "CIC energigune", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424082.8", 
              "name": [
                "CIC Energigune, Albert Einstein 48, 01510, Mi\u00f1ano (\u00c1lava), Spain"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Grosu", 
            "givenName": "Yaroslav", 
            "id": "sg:person.016255402501.08", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016255402501.08"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "CIC energigune", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424082.8", 
              "name": [
                "CIC Energigune, Albert Einstein 48, 01510, Mi\u00f1ano (\u00c1lava), Spain"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Nithiyanantham", 
            "givenName": "Udayashankar", 
            "id": "sg:person.011716343235.22", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011716343235.22"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "CIC energigune", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424082.8", 
              "name": [
                "CIC Energigune, Albert Einstein 48, 01510, Mi\u00f1ano (\u00c1lava), Spain"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zaki", 
            "givenName": "Abdelali", 
            "id": "sg:person.011517557450.59", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011517557450.59"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "CIC energigune", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424082.8", 
              "name": [
                "CIC Energigune, Albert Einstein 48, 01510, Mi\u00f1ano (\u00c1lava), Spain"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Faik", 
            "givenName": "Abdessamad", 
            "id": "sg:person.012761344522.69", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012761344522.69"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.125", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001193802"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2016.06.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002881011"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119333197.ch49", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004360118"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2015.05.004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008872364"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2014.11.036", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012859929"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.082", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012958257"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.082", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012958257"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2014.08.029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013286985"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf03259692", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015428927", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03259692"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5006/1.3290361", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017565291"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5006/1.3277596", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019519384"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2014.02.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020754267"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2013.02.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022981184"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.026", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025436042"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.10.156", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027555717"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2009.07.035", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028835555"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.131", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029473237"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.131", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029473237"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.131", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029473237"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.131", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029473237"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.01.068", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032159156"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2014.09.059", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032607077"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-48769-4_49", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034688964", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48769-4_49"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.03.022", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035562507"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.03.071", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038186908"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.03.122", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039453393"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4176(200102)52:2<140::aid-maco140>3.0.co;2-r", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040277917"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2015.11.024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040687571"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2014.10.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041252628"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1179/1743294415y.0000000018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043079380"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2014.03.012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043601864"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2015.10.003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045799989"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2016.08.014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047858916"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2014.10.046", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051233456"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1361/10599490417542", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051692339", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1361/10599490417542"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es102578c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es102578c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/maco.201609300", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090600498"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41529-017-0012-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091015332", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41529-017-0012-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2017.08.026", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091411664"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2018.01.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100829017"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2018.01.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100829017"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2018.02.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101315056"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2018.02.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101315056"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2018.03.053", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101747258"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2018-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2018-12-01", 
        "description": "Corrosion is an important issue in high-temperature applications such as Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) technology, playing a crucial role in the long-term use of storage tanks, heat exchanger and piping materials which account for a considerable component of the investment costs. While there are many studies regarding the corrosion rates of container materials under the conditions of CSP, there is little progress in the field of their degradation prevention by anticorrosion methods. This work presents an analysis of the corrosion mechanisms between the most economical construction material\u2014carbon steel\u2014and molten nitrate salt. A method to protect the carbon steel against corrosion by molten salt at high temperature was proposed, involving the formation of a calcium carbonate layer on the carbon steel surface. The stability of the layer was tested under isothermal and temperature cycling conditions up to 500 \u00b0C, in both inert and air atmospheres in the presence or absence of humidity. The protection method proposed has potential to reduce investment costs for CSP technology. Spraying a thin coat of graphite on carbon steel can significantly improve their resistance to nitrate salts at high temperatures. A team led by Yaroslav Grosu and Abdessemad Faik from CIC Energigune in Spain used spray graphitization to coat the surface of a carbon steel before burying it in a nitrate salt mixture and heating it above 300 \u00b0C. Whether in air or in an inert atmosphere, and whether held above 300 \u00b0C in humidity or thermally cycled for 500 h up to 500 \u00b0C, the sprayed graphite consistently promoted the formation of stable calcium carbonate crystals at the steel surface. This protective calcium carbonate layer stopped the steel from oxidising. Inhibiting steel corrosion when in contact with molten salts can help optimise materials for concentrated solar power technology and other high-temperature applications.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.3939452", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1290456", 
            "issn": [
              "2397-2106"
            ], 
            "name": "npj Materials Degradation", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "2"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "A simple method for the inhibition of the corrosion of carbon steel by molten nitrate salt for thermal storage in concentrating solar power applications", 
        "pagination": "34", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "794db96b182ab9fcc22e27c3ffadb9a065cc01949ebe2be828b610ee49ed9a68"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1107912930"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107912930"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T16:52", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8669_00000574.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41529-018-0055-0"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    201 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      65 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author N4598216e275d48d38966b61dbfc32c5c
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-48769-4_49
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf03259692
    6 sg:pub.10.1038/s41529-017-0012-3
    7 sg:pub.10.1361/10599490417542
    8 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4176(200102)52:2<140::aid-maco140>3.0.co;2-r
    9 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119333197.ch49
    10 https://doi.org/10.1002/maco.201609300
    11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.082
    12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.03.022
    13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.125
    14 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.131
    15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.10.156
    16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2014.03.012
    17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.03.071
    18 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.03.122
    19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2014.08.029
    20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2013.02.001
    21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2015.10.003
    22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2018.02.002
    23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2014.09.059
    24 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2014.11.036
    25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2009.07.035
    26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.01.068
    27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.026
    28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2014.02.002
    29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2018.03.053
    30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2014.10.007
    31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2015.05.004
    32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2015.11.024
    33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2016.06.005
    34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2016.08.014
    35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2017.08.026
    36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2018.01.002
    37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2014.10.046
    38 https://doi.org/10.1021/es102578c
    39 https://doi.org/10.1179/1743294415y.0000000018
    40 https://doi.org/10.5006/1.3277596
    41 https://doi.org/10.5006/1.3290361
    42 schema:datePublished 2018-12
    43 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-12-01
    44 schema:description Corrosion is an important issue in high-temperature applications such as Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) technology, playing a crucial role in the long-term use of storage tanks, heat exchanger and piping materials which account for a considerable component of the investment costs. While there are many studies regarding the corrosion rates of container materials under the conditions of CSP, there is little progress in the field of their degradation prevention by anticorrosion methods. This work presents an analysis of the corrosion mechanisms between the most economical construction material—carbon steel—and molten nitrate salt. A method to protect the carbon steel against corrosion by molten salt at high temperature was proposed, involving the formation of a calcium carbonate layer on the carbon steel surface. The stability of the layer was tested under isothermal and temperature cycling conditions up to 500 °C, in both inert and air atmospheres in the presence or absence of humidity. The protection method proposed has potential to reduce investment costs for CSP technology. Spraying a thin coat of graphite on carbon steel can significantly improve their resistance to nitrate salts at high temperatures. A team led by Yaroslav Grosu and Abdessemad Faik from CIC Energigune in Spain used spray graphitization to coat the surface of a carbon steel before burying it in a nitrate salt mixture and heating it above 300 °C. Whether in air or in an inert atmosphere, and whether held above 300 °C in humidity or thermally cycled for 500 h up to 500 °C, the sprayed graphite consistently promoted the formation of stable calcium carbonate crystals at the steel surface. This protective calcium carbonate layer stopped the steel from oxidising. Inhibiting steel corrosion when in contact with molten salts can help optimise materials for concentrated solar power technology and other high-temperature applications.
    45 schema:genre research_article
    46 schema:inLanguage en
    47 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    48 schema:isPartOf N2aa52e402ced4af0a8942c6fdd1819eb
    49 N8fcce7312bf34173bd303c51cba4bc12
    50 sg:journal.1290456
    51 schema:name A simple method for the inhibition of the corrosion of carbon steel by molten nitrate salt for thermal storage in concentrating solar power applications
    52 schema:pagination 34
    53 schema:productId N8293d2413c8348e0a29b4e9023bec5ba
    54 N94a53bcbd52448da86ef4c75bf61a598
    55 Na0571d86226e4b1d90baf83bef227b45
    56 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107912930
    57 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0
    58 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T16:52
    59 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    60 schema:sdPublisher N305f2392e2dc4b94b56ba6000175a332
    61 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41529-018-0055-0
    62 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    63 sgo:sdDataset articles
    64 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    65 N2aa52e402ced4af0a8942c6fdd1819eb schema:volumeNumber 2
    66 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    67 N305f2392e2dc4b94b56ba6000175a332 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    68 rdf:type schema:Organization
    69 N30e31ff38d0b4c629bfd34c85641d577 rdf:first sg:person.011716343235.22
    70 rdf:rest Nc9232e7636724db8a0f83f62e2eb3539
    71 N4598216e275d48d38966b61dbfc32c5c rdf:first sg:person.016255402501.08
    72 rdf:rest N30e31ff38d0b4c629bfd34c85641d577
    73 N8293d2413c8348e0a29b4e9023bec5ba schema:name doi
    74 schema:value 10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0
    75 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    76 N8fcce7312bf34173bd303c51cba4bc12 schema:issueNumber 1
    77 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    78 N94a53bcbd52448da86ef4c75bf61a598 schema:name readcube_id
    79 schema:value 794db96b182ab9fcc22e27c3ffadb9a065cc01949ebe2be828b610ee49ed9a68
    80 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    81 Na0571d86226e4b1d90baf83bef227b45 schema:name dimensions_id
    82 schema:value pub.1107912930
    83 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    84 Nba7c8e61936f4afe945d247b82349436 rdf:first sg:person.012761344522.69
    85 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    86 Nc9232e7636724db8a0f83f62e2eb3539 rdf:first sg:person.011517557450.59
    87 rdf:rest Nba7c8e61936f4afe945d247b82349436
    88 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    89 schema:name Engineering
    90 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    91 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    92 schema:name Materials Engineering
    93 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    94 sg:grant.3939452 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41529-018-0055-0
    95 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    96 sg:journal.1290456 schema:issn 2397-2106
    97 schema:name npj Materials Degradation
    98 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    99 sg:person.011517557450.59 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424082.8
    100 schema:familyName Zaki
    101 schema:givenName Abdelali
    102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011517557450.59
    103 rdf:type schema:Person
    104 sg:person.011716343235.22 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424082.8
    105 schema:familyName Nithiyanantham
    106 schema:givenName Udayashankar
    107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011716343235.22
    108 rdf:type schema:Person
    109 sg:person.012761344522.69 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424082.8
    110 schema:familyName Faik
    111 schema:givenName Abdessamad
    112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012761344522.69
    113 rdf:type schema:Person
    114 sg:person.016255402501.08 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424082.8
    115 schema:familyName Grosu
    116 schema:givenName Yaroslav
    117 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016255402501.08
    118 rdf:type schema:Person
    119 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-48769-4_49 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034688964
    120 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48769-4_49
    121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    122 sg:pub.10.1007/bf03259692 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015428927
    123 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03259692
    124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    125 sg:pub.10.1038/s41529-017-0012-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091015332
    126 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41529-017-0012-3
    127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    128 sg:pub.10.1361/10599490417542 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051692339
    129 https://doi.org/10.1361/10599490417542
    130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    131 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4176(200102)52:2<140::aid-maco140>3.0.co;2-r schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040277917
    132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    133 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119333197.ch49 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004360118
    134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    135 https://doi.org/10.1002/maco.201609300 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090600498
    136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    137 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.082 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012958257
    138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    139 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.03.022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035562507
    140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    141 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001193802
    142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    143 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029473237
    144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    145 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.10.156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027555717
    146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    147 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2014.03.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043601864
    148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    149 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.03.071 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038186908
    150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    151 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.03.122 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039453393
    152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    153 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2014.08.029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013286985
    154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    155 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2013.02.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022981184
    156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    157 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2015.10.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045799989
    158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    159 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2018.02.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101315056
    160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    161 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2014.09.059 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032607077
    162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    163 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2014.11.036 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012859929
    164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    165 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2009.07.035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028835555
    166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    167 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.01.068 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032159156
    168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    169 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025436042
    170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    171 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2014.02.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020754267
    172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    173 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2018.03.053 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101747258
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2014.10.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041252628
    176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    177 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2015.05.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008872364
    178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    179 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2015.11.024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040687571
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2016.06.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002881011
    182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    183 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2016.08.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047858916
    184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    185 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2017.08.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091411664
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2018.01.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100829017
    188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    189 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2014.10.046 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051233456
    190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    191 https://doi.org/10.1021/es102578c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055502145
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 https://doi.org/10.1179/1743294415y.0000000018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043079380
    194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    195 https://doi.org/10.5006/1.3277596 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019519384
    196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    197 https://doi.org/10.5006/1.3290361 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017565291
    198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    199 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424082.8 schema:alternateName CIC energigune
    200 schema:name CIC Energigune, Albert Einstein 48, 01510, Miñano (Álava), Spain
    201 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...