The environmental impacts of palm oil in context View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-12-07

AUTHORS

Erik Meijaard, Thomas M. Brooks, Kimberly M. Carlson, Eleanor M. Slade, John Garcia-Ulloa, David L. A. Gaveau, Janice Ser Huay Lee, Truly Santika, Diego Juffe-Bignoli, Matthew J. Struebig, Serge A. Wich, Marc Ancrenaz, Lian Pin Koh, Nadine Zamira, Jesse F. Abrams, Herbert H. T. Prins, Cyriaque N. Sendashonga, Daniel Murdiyarso, Paul R. Furumo, Nicholas Macfarlane, Rachel Hoffmann, Marcos Persio, Adrià Descals, Zoltan Szantoi, Douglas Sheil

ABSTRACT

Delivering the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires balancing demands on land between agriculture (SDG 2) and biodiversity (SDG 15). The production of vegetable oils and, in particular, palm oil, illustrates these competing demands and trade-offs. Palm oil accounts for ~40% of the current global annual demand for vegetable oil as food, animal feed and fuel (210 Mt), but planted oil palm covers less than 5–5.5% of the total global oil crop area (approximately 425 Mha) due to oil palm’s relatively high yields. Recent oil palm expansion in forested regions of Borneo, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula, where >90% of global palm oil is produced, has led to substantial concern around oil palm’s role in deforestation. Oil palm expansion’s direct contribution to regional tropical deforestation varies widely, ranging from an estimated 3% in West Africa to 50% in Malaysian Borneo. Oil palm is also implicated in peatland draining and burning in Southeast Asia. Documented negative environmental impacts from such expansion include biodiversity declines, greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. However, oil palm generally produces more oil per area than other oil crops, is often economically viable in sites unsuitable for most other crops and generates considerable wealth for at least some actors. Global demand for vegetable oils is projected to increase by 46% by 2050. Meeting this demand through additional expansion of oil palm versus other vegetable oil crops will lead to substantial differential effects on biodiversity, food security, climate change, land degradation and livelihoods. Our Review highlights that although substantial gaps remain in our understanding of the relationship between the environmental, socio-cultural and economic impacts of oil palm, and the scope, stringency and effectiveness of initiatives to address these, there has been little research into the impacts and trade-offs of other vegetable oil crops. Greater research attention needs to be given to investigating the impacts of palm oil production compared to alternatives for the trade-offs to be assessed at a global scale. More... »

PAGES

1418-1426

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2010-02-03. Can oil palm plantations become bird friendly? in AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS
  • 2014-02-25. Systematic review of effects on biodiversity from oil palm production in ENVIRONMENTAL EVIDENCE
  • 2017-08-01. Microwave pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass––a contribution to power Africa in ENERGY, SUSTAINABILITY AND SOCIETY
  • 2020-10-14. Global priority areas for ecosystem restoration in NATURE
  • 2020-03-09. The viability and desirability of replacing palm oil in NATURE SUSTAINABILITY
  • 2018-12-12. Assessing the efficiency of changes in land use for mitigating climate change in NATURE
  • 2017-06-19. Lipid production in Nannochloropsis gaditana is doubled by decreasing expression of a single transcriptional regulator in NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2017-11-09. Targeted cattle grazing as an alternative to herbicides for controlling weeds in bird-friendly oil palm plantations in AGRONOMY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  • 2005-04. The Importance of Nearby Forest to Known and Potential Pollinators of Oil Palm (Elaeis guinensis Jacq.; Areceaceae) in Southern Costa Rica in ECONOMIC BOTANY
  • 2019-05-24. Land management strategies can increase oil palm plantation use by some terrestrial mammals in Colombia in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2017-12-20. Cross-boundary subsidy cascades from oil palm degrade distant tropical forests in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2016-09-08. Rapid conversions and avoided deforestation: examining four decades of industrial plantation expansion in Borneo in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2016-11-16. Population exposure to hazardous air quality due to the 2015 fires in Equatorial Asia in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2004-06. Oil Palm Use by Adjacent Communities of Chimpanzees at Bossou and Nimba Mountains, West Africa in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Nature Plants

    ISSUE

    12

    VOLUME

    6

    Author Affiliations

  • School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • Institute for Marine & Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
  • Department of Environmental Studies, New York University, New York, NY, USA
  • Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
  • Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia
  • Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK
  • UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), Cambridge, UK
  • Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • Kinabatangan Orang-Utan Conservation Programme, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
  • Rainforest Alliance, Washington, D.C., USA
  • Global Systems Institute and Institute for Data Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
  • Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands
  • Programme and Policy Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland
  • Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
  • Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  • Science and Knowledge Unit, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
  • Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Brazil
  • Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
  • Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa
  • Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1133346022

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33299148


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/07", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Plant Biology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0703", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Crop and Pasture Production", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Agriculture", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Arecaceae", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Biodiversity", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Conservation of Natural Resources", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Crops, Agricultural", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Forecasting", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Palm Oil", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sustainable Growth", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1003.2", 
              "name": [
                "Borneo Futures, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei", 
                "Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK", 
                "School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Meijaard", 
            "givenName": "Erik", 
            "id": "sg:person.01335721753.35", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01335721753.35"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute for Marine & Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1009.8", 
              "name": [
                "Science and Knowledge Unit, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland", 
                "World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), University of The Philippines Los Ba\u00f1os, Laguna, The Philippines", 
                "Institute for Marine & Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Brooks", 
            "givenName": "Thomas M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01145324360.57", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01145324360.57"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Environmental Studies, New York University, New York, NY, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.137628.9", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawai\u2019i M\u0101noa, Honolulu, HI, USA", 
                "Department of Environmental Studies, New York University, New York, NY, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Carlson", 
            "givenName": "Kimberly M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0755271037.30", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0755271037.30"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.59025.3b", 
              "name": [
                "Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Slade", 
            "givenName": "Eleanor M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01365514151.15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01365514151.15"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Z\u00fcrich, Zurich, Switzerland", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5801.c", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Z\u00fcrich, Zurich, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Garcia-Ulloa", 
            "givenName": "John", 
            "id": "sg:person.01316127160.20", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01316127160.20"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.450561.3", 
              "name": [
                "Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gaveau", 
            "givenName": "David L. A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015737321066.24", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015737321066.24"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.59025.3b", 
              "name": [
                "Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lee", 
            "givenName": "Janice Ser Huay", 
            "id": "sg:person.07542531345.87", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07542531345.87"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9759.2", 
              "name": [
                "Borneo Futures, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei", 
                "Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Santika", 
            "givenName": "Truly", 
            "id": "sg:person.014460244551.52", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014460244551.52"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), Cambridge, UK", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.439150.a", 
              "name": [
                "Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK", 
                "UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), Cambridge, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Juffe-Bignoli", 
            "givenName": "Diego", 
            "id": "sg:person.01064167353.61", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01064167353.61"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9759.2", 
              "name": [
                "Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Struebig", 
            "givenName": "Matthew J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0747647143.57", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0747647143.57"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7177.6", 
              "name": [
                "School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK", 
                "Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wich", 
            "givenName": "Serge A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01050646443.44", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01050646443.44"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kinabatangan Orang-Utan Conservation Programme, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Borneo Futures, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei", 
                "Kinabatangan Orang-Utan Conservation Programme, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ancrenaz", 
            "givenName": "Marc", 
            "id": "sg:person.01167202777.02", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01167202777.02"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4280.e", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Koh", 
            "givenName": "Lian Pin", 
            "id": "sg:person.01244133070.56", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01244133070.56"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Rainforest Alliance, Washington, D.C., USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.479468.0", 
              "name": [
                "Rainforest Alliance, Washington, D.C., USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zamira", 
            "givenName": "Nadine", 
            "id": "sg:person.012056107317.02", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012056107317.02"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Global Systems Institute and Institute for Data Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8391.3", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Ecological Dynamics, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, Germany", 
                "Global Systems Institute and Institute for Data Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Abrams", 
            "givenName": "Jesse F.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01151511255.03", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01151511255.03"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4818.5", 
              "name": [
                "Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Prins", 
            "givenName": "Herbert H. T.", 
            "id": "sg:person.014622662155.46", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014622662155.46"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Programme and Policy Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.426526.1", 
              "name": [
                "Programme and Policy Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sendashonga", 
            "givenName": "Cyriaque N.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012412464755.92", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012412464755.92"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440754.6", 
              "name": [
                "Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia", 
                "Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Murdiyarso", 
            "givenName": "Daniel", 
            "id": "sg:person.014633653712.09", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014633653712.09"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.168010.e", 
              "name": [
                "Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Furumo", 
            "givenName": "Paul R.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012716023462.45", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012716023462.45"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Science and Knowledge Unit, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.426526.1", 
              "name": [
                "Science and Knowledge Unit, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Macfarlane", 
            "givenName": "Nicholas", 
            "id": "sg:person.01316050742.78", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01316050742.78"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5335.0", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hoffmann", 
            "givenName": "Rachel", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Instituto de Ci\u00eancias Biol\u00f3gicas, Universidade Federal do Par\u00e1, Bel\u00e9m, Brazil", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.271300.7", 
              "name": [
                "Instituto de Ci\u00eancias Biol\u00f3gicas, Universidade Federal do Par\u00e1, Bel\u00e9m, Brazil"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Persio", 
            "givenName": "Marcos", 
            "id": "sg:person.014053541155.36", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014053541155.36"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Centre de Recerca Ecol\u00f2gica i Aplicacions Forestals, Cerdanyola del Vall\u00e8s, Barcelona, Spain", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Centre de Recerca Ecol\u00f2gica i Aplicacions Forestals, Cerdanyola del Vall\u00e8s, Barcelona, Spain"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Descals", 
            "givenName": "Adri\u00e0", 
            "id": "sg:person.015537224476.24", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015537224476.24"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11956.3a", 
              "name": [
                "European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy", 
                "Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Szantoi", 
            "givenName": "Zoltan", 
            "id": "sg:person.010626107633.95", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010626107633.95"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, \u00c5s, Norway", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19477.3c", 
              "name": [
                "Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, \u00c5s, Norway"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sheil", 
            "givenName": "Douglas", 
            "id": "sg:person.01006670564.36", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01006670564.36"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10457-010-9278-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051179787", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-010-9278-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1663/0013-0001(2005)059[0190:tionft]2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003121651", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1663/0013-0001(2005)059[0190:tionft]2.0.co;2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-44288-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1115650727", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44288-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep32017", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027933942", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep32017"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/b:ijop.0000023575.93644.f4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019541173", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/b:ijop.0000023575.93644.f4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41893-020-0487-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1125494627", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-0487-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-018-0757-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110453067", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0757-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep37074", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022134921", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep37074"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-017-01920-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099725412", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-01920-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s13705-017-0126-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090885824", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-017-0126-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-020-2784-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131660437", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2784-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nbt.3865", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086071505", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt.3865"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/2047-2382-3-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040468763", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-2382-3-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13593-017-0471-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092591865", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-017-0471-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2020-12-07", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2020-12-07", 
        "description": "Delivering the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires balancing demands on land between agriculture (SDG 2) and biodiversity (SDG 15). The production of vegetable oils and, in particular, palm oil, illustrates these competing demands and trade-offs. Palm oil accounts for ~40% of the current global annual demand for vegetable oil as food, animal feed and fuel (210 Mt), but planted oil palm covers less than 5\u20135.5% of the total global oil crop area (approximately 425 Mha) due to oil palm\u2019s relatively high yields. Recent oil palm expansion in forested regions of Borneo, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula, where >90% of global palm oil is produced, has led to substantial concern around oil palm\u2019s role in deforestation. Oil palm expansion\u2019s direct contribution to regional tropical deforestation varies widely, ranging from an estimated 3% in West Africa to 50% in Malaysian Borneo. Oil palm is also implicated in peatland draining and burning in Southeast Asia. Documented negative environmental impacts from such expansion include biodiversity declines, greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. However, oil palm generally produces more oil per area than other oil crops, is often economically viable in sites unsuitable for most other crops and generates considerable wealth for at least some actors. Global demand for vegetable oils is projected to increase by 46% by 2050. Meeting this demand through additional expansion of oil palm versus other vegetable oil crops will lead to substantial differential effects on biodiversity, food security, climate change, land degradation and livelihoods. Our Review highlights that although substantial gaps remain in our understanding of the relationship between the environmental, socio-cultural and economic impacts of oil palm, and the scope, stringency and effectiveness of initiatives to address these, there has been little research into the impacts and trade-offs of other vegetable oil crops. Greater research attention needs to be given to investigating the impacts of palm oil production compared to alternatives for the trade-offs to be assessed at a global scale.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.2773193", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.7924811", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.7548526", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1051401", 
            "issn": [
              "2055-026X", 
              "2055-0278"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature Plants", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "12", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "6"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "vegetable oil crops", 
          "oil palm", 
          "oil crops", 
          "Sustainable Development Goals", 
          "environmental impacts", 
          "oil palm expansion", 
          "negative environmental impacts", 
          "biodiversity decline", 
          "substantial differential effects", 
          "land degradation", 
          "palm oil production", 
          "greenhouse gas emissions", 
          "palm expansion", 
          "vegetable oils", 
          "tropical deforestation", 
          "Malaysian Borneo", 
          "crop area", 
          "climate change", 
          "food security", 
          "animal feed", 
          "global scale", 
          "oil accounts", 
          "crops", 
          "palm oil", 
          "global demand", 
          "gas emissions", 
          "biodiversity", 
          "high yields", 
          "effectiveness of initiatives", 
          "deforestation", 
          "direct contribution", 
          "air pollution", 
          "annual demand", 
          "economic impact", 
          "Borneo", 
          "West Africa", 
          "Development Goals", 
          "Malay Peninsula", 
          "palm", 
          "oil production", 
          "Southeast Asia", 
          "more oil", 
          "substantial gaps", 
          "impact", 
          "production", 
          "peatlands", 
          "great research attention", 
          "substantial concern", 
          "land", 
          "pollution", 
          "agriculture", 
          "area", 
          "livelihoods", 
          "such expansion", 
          "considerable wealth", 
          "yield", 
          "demand", 
          "Sumatra", 
          "Peninsula", 
          "feed", 
          "expansion", 
          "oil", 
          "decline", 
          "additional expansion", 
          "research attention", 
          "sites", 
          "food", 
          "Africa", 
          "degradation", 
          "Asia", 
          "scale", 
          "emission", 
          "security", 
          "little research", 
          "concern", 
          "region", 
          "changes", 
          "initiatives", 
          "understanding", 
          "alternative", 
          "differential effects", 
          "contribution", 
          "relationship", 
          "fuel", 
          "role", 
          "gap", 
          "goal", 
          "effect", 
          "context", 
          "research", 
          "wealth", 
          "scope", 
          "attention", 
          "account", 
          "stringency", 
          "review", 
          "actors", 
          "effectiveness"
        ], 
        "name": "The environmental impacts of palm oil in context", 
        "pagination": "1418-1426", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1133346022"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "33299148"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1133346022"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-09-02T16:06", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220902/entities/gbq_results/article/article_856.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    504 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      147 URIs      123 LITERALS      15 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w schema:about N06cd21781e0f4c48ab4436f86f54a28f
    2 N3ed4c6e539874386b48d260bdfde3ed3
    3 N42df04247c854427b2a10841a47ceeb8
    4 N689603132e0244abb8e71a8f1762bcbb
    5 N9e29b8e491924f8189badc0a599af70d
    6 Nb93d941d9eb0462db43b0a64d01cc0c1
    7 Ne9115e96727742c0bd71115395f7f894
    8 Nf8608c794bd2480f9a811813bf2085c9
    9 anzsrc-for:06
    10 anzsrc-for:0607
    11 anzsrc-for:07
    12 anzsrc-for:0703
    13 schema:author N3645fa27be3042f895b218403eda633e
    14 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10457-010-9278-y
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s13593-017-0471-5
    16 sg:pub.10.1023/b:ijop.0000023575.93644.f4
    17 sg:pub.10.1038/nbt.3865
    18 sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-017-01920-7
    19 sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-018-0757-z
    20 sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-020-2784-9
    21 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-44288-y
    22 sg:pub.10.1038/s41893-020-0487-8
    23 sg:pub.10.1038/srep32017
    24 sg:pub.10.1038/srep37074
    25 sg:pub.10.1186/2047-2382-3-4
    26 sg:pub.10.1186/s13705-017-0126-z
    27 sg:pub.10.1663/0013-0001(2005)059[0190:tionft]2.0.co;2
    28 schema:datePublished 2020-12-07
    29 schema:datePublishedReg 2020-12-07
    30 schema:description Delivering the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires balancing demands on land between agriculture (SDG 2) and biodiversity (SDG 15). The production of vegetable oils and, in particular, palm oil, illustrates these competing demands and trade-offs. Palm oil accounts for ~40% of the current global annual demand for vegetable oil as food, animal feed and fuel (210 Mt), but planted oil palm covers less than 5–5.5% of the total global oil crop area (approximately 425 Mha) due to oil palm’s relatively high yields. Recent oil palm expansion in forested regions of Borneo, Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula, where >90% of global palm oil is produced, has led to substantial concern around oil palm’s role in deforestation. Oil palm expansion’s direct contribution to regional tropical deforestation varies widely, ranging from an estimated 3% in West Africa to 50% in Malaysian Borneo. Oil palm is also implicated in peatland draining and burning in Southeast Asia. Documented negative environmental impacts from such expansion include biodiversity declines, greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. However, oil palm generally produces more oil per area than other oil crops, is often economically viable in sites unsuitable for most other crops and generates considerable wealth for at least some actors. Global demand for vegetable oils is projected to increase by 46% by 2050. Meeting this demand through additional expansion of oil palm versus other vegetable oil crops will lead to substantial differential effects on biodiversity, food security, climate change, land degradation and livelihoods. Our Review highlights that although substantial gaps remain in our understanding of the relationship between the environmental, socio-cultural and economic impacts of oil palm, and the scope, stringency and effectiveness of initiatives to address these, there has been little research into the impacts and trade-offs of other vegetable oil crops. Greater research attention needs to be given to investigating the impacts of palm oil production compared to alternatives for the trade-offs to be assessed at a global scale.
    31 schema:genre article
    32 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    33 schema:isPartOf N1c9cbe6c8f7045909c6af2e135f1da76
    34 Nb5e169443b754727b9949055b4481b30
    35 sg:journal.1051401
    36 schema:keywords Africa
    37 Asia
    38 Borneo
    39 Development Goals
    40 Malay Peninsula
    41 Malaysian Borneo
    42 Peninsula
    43 Southeast Asia
    44 Sumatra
    45 Sustainable Development Goals
    46 West Africa
    47 account
    48 actors
    49 additional expansion
    50 agriculture
    51 air pollution
    52 alternative
    53 animal feed
    54 annual demand
    55 area
    56 attention
    57 biodiversity
    58 biodiversity decline
    59 changes
    60 climate change
    61 concern
    62 considerable wealth
    63 context
    64 contribution
    65 crop area
    66 crops
    67 decline
    68 deforestation
    69 degradation
    70 demand
    71 differential effects
    72 direct contribution
    73 economic impact
    74 effect
    75 effectiveness
    76 effectiveness of initiatives
    77 emission
    78 environmental impacts
    79 expansion
    80 feed
    81 food
    82 food security
    83 fuel
    84 gap
    85 gas emissions
    86 global demand
    87 global scale
    88 goal
    89 great research attention
    90 greenhouse gas emissions
    91 high yields
    92 impact
    93 initiatives
    94 land
    95 land degradation
    96 little research
    97 livelihoods
    98 more oil
    99 negative environmental impacts
    100 oil
    101 oil accounts
    102 oil crops
    103 oil palm
    104 oil palm expansion
    105 oil production
    106 palm
    107 palm expansion
    108 palm oil
    109 palm oil production
    110 peatlands
    111 pollution
    112 production
    113 region
    114 relationship
    115 research
    116 research attention
    117 review
    118 role
    119 scale
    120 scope
    121 security
    122 sites
    123 stringency
    124 substantial concern
    125 substantial differential effects
    126 substantial gaps
    127 such expansion
    128 tropical deforestation
    129 understanding
    130 vegetable oil crops
    131 vegetable oils
    132 wealth
    133 yield
    134 schema:name The environmental impacts of palm oil in context
    135 schema:pagination 1418-1426
    136 schema:productId N7d38da62f5ba4ecb983ce06f6dd585f0
    137 N858bd41c72904d0599d562437b3f35ee
    138 Nf2b56ff9ad584923b4b6ac57d9ed736c
    139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1133346022
    140 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w
    141 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-09-02T16:06
    142 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    143 schema:sdPublisher N35e76300496e4963bc54b42978114cc3
    144 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w
    145 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    146 sgo:sdDataset articles
    147 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    148 N0048b32dadd0428d9693877519ab8afb rdf:first sg:person.01244133070.56
    149 rdf:rest Nad494f58a0db4e21a9e05a7db62fb0e5
    150 N06cd21781e0f4c48ab4436f86f54a28f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    151 schema:name Arecaceae
    152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    153 N0807363182a74982bc4840b7730961ef rdf:first sg:person.01316050742.78
    154 rdf:rest N7a7dbb922c3849f79be0048fdf6b29fd
    155 N1c9cbe6c8f7045909c6af2e135f1da76 schema:volumeNumber 6
    156 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    157 N251fde6f0b084873b65f0025c65a4836 rdf:first sg:person.01151511255.03
    158 rdf:rest Na0b053201ded40b2a4ec22977ab6e176
    159 N32d28f7d88694fa2ad97055eb67d72df rdf:first sg:person.015737321066.24
    160 rdf:rest Nec69b24470d44f5c841bc194ad53d09f
    161 N35e76300496e4963bc54b42978114cc3 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    162 rdf:type schema:Organization
    163 N3645fa27be3042f895b218403eda633e rdf:first sg:person.01335721753.35
    164 rdf:rest Na992c1ddb8914011997ee253e84ba5f0
    165 N39fb7d5b7b894dff8f936cc5e3aec6e9 rdf:first sg:person.015537224476.24
    166 rdf:rest N77b606f8f33d4f54931ccca1d2697779
    167 N3ed4c6e539874386b48d260bdfde3ed3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    168 schema:name Agriculture
    169 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    170 N42df04247c854427b2a10841a47ceeb8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    171 schema:name Forecasting
    172 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    173 N4613c7669bd644d4b4d473b7dcfb3e8c rdf:first sg:person.01050646443.44
    174 rdf:rest N8ee14c1d26894af1a6491c19b93cb162
    175 N4cc1e7cf841c4266943792a0172b392f rdf:first sg:person.01316127160.20
    176 rdf:rest N32d28f7d88694fa2ad97055eb67d72df
    177 N521c82f63bb94a58ac637dfb16a3ddb7 rdf:first sg:person.014053541155.36
    178 rdf:rest N39fb7d5b7b894dff8f936cc5e3aec6e9
    179 N5b4fa660f41b47a7bb441bf3fac7ac5f rdf:first sg:person.014460244551.52
    180 rdf:rest Naffe2b30712447ec98e107d9bcda11a4
    181 N5c7819d89ddc48448d9fde53560abc0d rdf:first sg:person.01365514151.15
    182 rdf:rest N4cc1e7cf841c4266943792a0172b392f
    183 N5ca44ff3f0a847529fab15e7f0083ebb rdf:first sg:person.0747647143.57
    184 rdf:rest N4613c7669bd644d4b4d473b7dcfb3e8c
    185 N689603132e0244abb8e71a8f1762bcbb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    186 schema:name Biodiversity
    187 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    188 N77b606f8f33d4f54931ccca1d2697779 rdf:first sg:person.010626107633.95
    189 rdf:rest Nd6af32fd47d148198816373bf9aeffa6
    190 N7a7dbb922c3849f79be0048fdf6b29fd rdf:first Nf2e23a1887c746b294c339c6e8e8a972
    191 rdf:rest N521c82f63bb94a58ac637dfb16a3ddb7
    192 N7d38da62f5ba4ecb983ce06f6dd585f0 schema:name doi
    193 schema:value 10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w
    194 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    195 N858bd41c72904d0599d562437b3f35ee schema:name dimensions_id
    196 schema:value pub.1133346022
    197 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    198 N8ee14c1d26894af1a6491c19b93cb162 rdf:first sg:person.01167202777.02
    199 rdf:rest N0048b32dadd0428d9693877519ab8afb
    200 N9e29b8e491924f8189badc0a599af70d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    201 schema:name Conservation of Natural Resources
    202 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    203 Na0b053201ded40b2a4ec22977ab6e176 rdf:first sg:person.014622662155.46
    204 rdf:rest Nc43822eed4db4c87b2b5147e8e7de86f
    205 Na992c1ddb8914011997ee253e84ba5f0 rdf:first sg:person.01145324360.57
    206 rdf:rest Nc9c8b92f3e5145d59b5bcededa4704a3
    207 Nac47dc5fdf0041fcbc46ba36f773779a rdf:first sg:person.014633653712.09
    208 rdf:rest Nee43bc610d424f9daa134fe49b464f71
    209 Nad494f58a0db4e21a9e05a7db62fb0e5 rdf:first sg:person.012056107317.02
    210 rdf:rest N251fde6f0b084873b65f0025c65a4836
    211 Naffe2b30712447ec98e107d9bcda11a4 rdf:first sg:person.01064167353.61
    212 rdf:rest N5ca44ff3f0a847529fab15e7f0083ebb
    213 Nb5e169443b754727b9949055b4481b30 schema:issueNumber 12
    214 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    215 Nb93d941d9eb0462db43b0a64d01cc0c1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    216 schema:name Crops, Agricultural
    217 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    218 Nc43822eed4db4c87b2b5147e8e7de86f rdf:first sg:person.012412464755.92
    219 rdf:rest Nac47dc5fdf0041fcbc46ba36f773779a
    220 Nc9c8b92f3e5145d59b5bcededa4704a3 rdf:first sg:person.0755271037.30
    221 rdf:rest N5c7819d89ddc48448d9fde53560abc0d
    222 Nd6af32fd47d148198816373bf9aeffa6 rdf:first sg:person.01006670564.36
    223 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    224 Ne9115e96727742c0bd71115395f7f894 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    225 schema:name Palm Oil
    226 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    227 Nec69b24470d44f5c841bc194ad53d09f rdf:first sg:person.07542531345.87
    228 rdf:rest N5b4fa660f41b47a7bb441bf3fac7ac5f
    229 Nee43bc610d424f9daa134fe49b464f71 rdf:first sg:person.012716023462.45
    230 rdf:rest N0807363182a74982bc4840b7730961ef
    231 Nf2b56ff9ad584923b4b6ac57d9ed736c schema:name pubmed_id
    232 schema:value 33299148
    233 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    234 Nf2e23a1887c746b294c339c6e8e8a972 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5335.0
    235 schema:familyName Hoffmann
    236 schema:givenName Rachel
    237 rdf:type schema:Person
    238 Nf8608c794bd2480f9a811813bf2085c9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    239 schema:name Sustainable Growth
    240 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    241 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    242 schema:name Biological Sciences
    243 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    244 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    245 schema:name Plant Biology
    246 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    247 anzsrc-for:07 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    248 schema:name Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
    249 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    250 anzsrc-for:0703 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    251 schema:name Crop and Pasture Production
    252 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    253 sg:grant.2773193 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w
    254 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    255 sg:grant.7548526 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w
    256 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    257 sg:grant.7924811 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41477-020-00813-w
    258 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    259 sg:journal.1051401 schema:issn 2055-026X
    260 2055-0278
    261 schema:name Nature Plants
    262 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    263 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    264 sg:person.01006670564.36 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.19477.3c
    265 schema:familyName Sheil
    266 schema:givenName Douglas
    267 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01006670564.36
    268 rdf:type schema:Person
    269 sg:person.01050646443.44 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.7177.6
    270 schema:familyName Wich
    271 schema:givenName Serge A.
    272 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01050646443.44
    273 rdf:type schema:Person
    274 sg:person.010626107633.95 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.11956.3a
    275 schema:familyName Szantoi
    276 schema:givenName Zoltan
    277 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010626107633.95
    278 rdf:type schema:Person
    279 sg:person.01064167353.61 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.439150.a
    280 schema:familyName Juffe-Bignoli
    281 schema:givenName Diego
    282 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01064167353.61
    283 rdf:type schema:Person
    284 sg:person.01145324360.57 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.1009.8
    285 schema:familyName Brooks
    286 schema:givenName Thomas M.
    287 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01145324360.57
    288 rdf:type schema:Person
    289 sg:person.01151511255.03 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.8391.3
    290 schema:familyName Abrams
    291 schema:givenName Jesse F.
    292 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01151511255.03
    293 rdf:type schema:Person
    294 sg:person.01167202777.02 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    295 schema:familyName Ancrenaz
    296 schema:givenName Marc
    297 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01167202777.02
    298 rdf:type schema:Person
    299 sg:person.012056107317.02 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.479468.0
    300 schema:familyName Zamira
    301 schema:givenName Nadine
    302 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012056107317.02
    303 rdf:type schema:Person
    304 sg:person.012412464755.92 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.426526.1
    305 schema:familyName Sendashonga
    306 schema:givenName Cyriaque N.
    307 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012412464755.92
    308 rdf:type schema:Person
    309 sg:person.01244133070.56 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4280.e
    310 schema:familyName Koh
    311 schema:givenName Lian Pin
    312 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01244133070.56
    313 rdf:type schema:Person
    314 sg:person.012716023462.45 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.168010.e
    315 schema:familyName Furumo
    316 schema:givenName Paul R.
    317 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012716023462.45
    318 rdf:type schema:Person
    319 sg:person.01316050742.78 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.426526.1
    320 schema:familyName Macfarlane
    321 schema:givenName Nicholas
    322 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01316050742.78
    323 rdf:type schema:Person
    324 sg:person.01316127160.20 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5801.c
    325 schema:familyName Garcia-Ulloa
    326 schema:givenName John
    327 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01316127160.20
    328 rdf:type schema:Person
    329 sg:person.01335721753.35 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.1003.2
    330 schema:familyName Meijaard
    331 schema:givenName Erik
    332 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01335721753.35
    333 rdf:type schema:Person
    334 sg:person.01365514151.15 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.59025.3b
    335 schema:familyName Slade
    336 schema:givenName Eleanor M.
    337 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01365514151.15
    338 rdf:type schema:Person
    339 sg:person.014053541155.36 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.271300.7
    340 schema:familyName Persio
    341 schema:givenName Marcos
    342 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014053541155.36
    343 rdf:type schema:Person
    344 sg:person.014460244551.52 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9759.2
    345 schema:familyName Santika
    346 schema:givenName Truly
    347 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014460244551.52
    348 rdf:type schema:Person
    349 sg:person.014622662155.46 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4818.5
    350 schema:familyName Prins
    351 schema:givenName Herbert H. T.
    352 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014622662155.46
    353 rdf:type schema:Person
    354 sg:person.014633653712.09 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440754.6
    355 schema:familyName Murdiyarso
    356 schema:givenName Daniel
    357 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014633653712.09
    358 rdf:type schema:Person
    359 sg:person.015537224476.24 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    360 schema:familyName Descals
    361 schema:givenName Adrià
    362 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015537224476.24
    363 rdf:type schema:Person
    364 sg:person.015737321066.24 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.450561.3
    365 schema:familyName Gaveau
    366 schema:givenName David L. A.
    367 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015737321066.24
    368 rdf:type schema:Person
    369 sg:person.0747647143.57 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9759.2
    370 schema:familyName Struebig
    371 schema:givenName Matthew J.
    372 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0747647143.57
    373 rdf:type schema:Person
    374 sg:person.07542531345.87 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.59025.3b
    375 schema:familyName Lee
    376 schema:givenName Janice Ser Huay
    377 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07542531345.87
    378 rdf:type schema:Person
    379 sg:person.0755271037.30 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.137628.9
    380 schema:familyName Carlson
    381 schema:givenName Kimberly M.
    382 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0755271037.30
    383 rdf:type schema:Person
    384 sg:pub.10.1007/s10457-010-9278-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051179787
    385 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-010-9278-y
    386 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    387 sg:pub.10.1007/s13593-017-0471-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092591865
    388 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-017-0471-5
    389 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    390 sg:pub.10.1023/b:ijop.0000023575.93644.f4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019541173
    391 https://doi.org/10.1023/b:ijop.0000023575.93644.f4
    392 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    393 sg:pub.10.1038/nbt.3865 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086071505
    394 https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt.3865
    395 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    396 sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-017-01920-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099725412
    397 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-01920-7
    398 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    399 sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-018-0757-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110453067
    400 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0757-z
    401 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    402 sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-020-2784-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131660437
    403 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2784-9
    404 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    405 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-019-44288-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1115650727
    406 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44288-y
    407 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    408 sg:pub.10.1038/s41893-020-0487-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1125494627
    409 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-0487-8
    410 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    411 sg:pub.10.1038/srep32017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027933942
    412 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep32017
    413 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    414 sg:pub.10.1038/srep37074 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022134921
    415 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep37074
    416 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    417 sg:pub.10.1186/2047-2382-3-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040468763
    418 https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-2382-3-4
    419 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    420 sg:pub.10.1186/s13705-017-0126-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090885824
    421 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-017-0126-z
    422 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    423 sg:pub.10.1663/0013-0001(2005)059[0190:tionft]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003121651
    424 https://doi.org/10.1663/0013-0001(2005)059[0190:tionft]2.0.co;2
    425 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    426 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
    427 Kinabatangan Orang-Utan Conservation Programme, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
    428 schema:name Borneo Futures, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
    429 Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
    430 Kinabatangan Orang-Utan Conservation Programme, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
    431 rdf:type schema:Organization
    432 grid-institutes:grid.1003.2 schema:alternateName School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    433 schema:name Borneo Futures, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
    434 Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK
    435 School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    436 rdf:type schema:Organization
    437 grid-institutes:grid.1009.8 schema:alternateName Institute for Marine & Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
    438 schema:name Institute for Marine & Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
    439 Science and Knowledge Unit, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland
    440 World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), University of The Philippines Los Baños, Laguna, The Philippines
    441 rdf:type schema:Organization
    442 grid-institutes:grid.11956.3a schema:alternateName Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa
    443 schema:name European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
    444 Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa
    445 rdf:type schema:Organization
    446 grid-institutes:grid.137628.9 schema:alternateName Department of Environmental Studies, New York University, New York, NY, USA
    447 schema:name Department of Environmental Studies, New York University, New York, NY, USA
    448 Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawai’i Mānoa, Honolulu, HI, USA
    449 rdf:type schema:Organization
    450 grid-institutes:grid.168010.e schema:alternateName Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    451 schema:name Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    452 rdf:type schema:Organization
    453 grid-institutes:grid.19477.3c schema:alternateName Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway
    454 schema:name Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway
    455 rdf:type schema:Organization
    456 grid-institutes:grid.271300.7 schema:alternateName Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Brazil
    457 schema:name Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Brazil
    458 rdf:type schema:Organization
    459 grid-institutes:grid.426526.1 schema:alternateName Programme and Policy Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland
    460 Science and Knowledge Unit, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland
    461 schema:name Programme and Policy Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland
    462 Science and Knowledge Unit, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland
    463 rdf:type schema:Organization
    464 grid-institutes:grid.4280.e schema:alternateName Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
    465 schema:name Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
    466 rdf:type schema:Organization
    467 grid-institutes:grid.439150.a schema:alternateName UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), Cambridge, UK
    468 schema:name Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK
    469 UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), Cambridge, UK
    470 rdf:type schema:Organization
    471 grid-institutes:grid.440754.6 schema:alternateName Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
    472 schema:name Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia
    473 Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
    474 rdf:type schema:Organization
    475 grid-institutes:grid.450561.3 schema:alternateName Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia
    476 schema:name Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia
    477 rdf:type schema:Organization
    478 grid-institutes:grid.479468.0 schema:alternateName Rainforest Alliance, Washington, D.C., USA
    479 schema:name Rainforest Alliance, Washington, D.C., USA
    480 rdf:type schema:Organization
    481 grid-institutes:grid.4818.5 schema:alternateName Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands
    482 schema:name Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands
    483 rdf:type schema:Organization
    484 grid-institutes:grid.5335.0 schema:alternateName Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    485 schema:name Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    486 rdf:type schema:Organization
    487 grid-institutes:grid.5801.c schema:alternateName Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
    488 schema:name Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
    489 rdf:type schema:Organization
    490 grid-institutes:grid.59025.3b schema:alternateName Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
    491 schema:name Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
    492 rdf:type schema:Organization
    493 grid-institutes:grid.7177.6 schema:alternateName Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    494 schema:name Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    495 School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK
    496 rdf:type schema:Organization
    497 grid-institutes:grid.8391.3 schema:alternateName Global Systems Institute and Institute for Data Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    498 schema:name Department of Ecological Dynamics, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, Germany
    499 Global Systems Institute and Institute for Data Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK
    500 rdf:type schema:Organization
    501 grid-institutes:grid.9759.2 schema:alternateName Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK
    502 schema:name Borneo Futures, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
    503 Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK
    504 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...