Global cooling induced by biophysical effects of bioenergy crop cultivation View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-12-13

AUTHORS

Jingmeng Wang, Wei Li, Philippe Ciais, Laurent Z. X. Li, Jinfeng Chang, Daniel Goll, Thomas Gasser, Xiaomeng Huang, Narayanappa Devaraju, Olivier Boucher

ABSTRACT

Bioenergy crop with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) is a key negative emission technology to meet carbon neutrality. However, the biophysical effects of widespread bioenergy crop cultivation on temperature remain unclear. Here, using a coupled atmosphere-land model with an explicit representation of lignocellulosic bioenergy crops, we find that after 50 years of large-scale bioenergy crop cultivation following plausible scenarios, global air temperature decreases by 0.03~0.08 °C, with strong regional contrasts and interannual variability. Over the cultivated regions, woody crops induce stronger cooling effects than herbaceous crops due to larger evapotranspiration rates and smaller aerodynamic resistance. At the continental scale, air temperature changes are not linearly proportional to the cultivation area. Sensitivity tests show that the temperature change is robust for eucalypt but more uncertain for switchgrass among different cultivation maps. Our study calls for new metrics to take the biophysical effects into account when assessing the climate mitigation capacity of BECCS. More... »

PAGES

7255

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-021-27520-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-27520-0

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34903764


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    29 schema:description Bioenergy crop with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) is a key negative emission technology to meet carbon neutrality. However, the biophysical effects of widespread bioenergy crop cultivation on temperature remain unclear. Here, using a coupled atmosphere-land model with an explicit representation of lignocellulosic bioenergy crops, we find that after 50 years of large-scale bioenergy crop cultivation following plausible scenarios, global air temperature decreases by 0.03~0.08 °C, with strong regional contrasts and interannual variability. Over the cultivated regions, woody crops induce stronger cooling effects than herbaceous crops due to larger evapotranspiration rates and smaller aerodynamic resistance. At the continental scale, air temperature changes are not linearly proportional to the cultivation area. Sensitivity tests show that the temperature change is robust for eucalypt but more uncertain for switchgrass among different cultivation maps. Our study calls for new metrics to take the biophysical effects into account when assessing the climate mitigation capacity of BECCS.
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    39 air temperature
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    41 area
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    44 bioenergy crops
    45 biophysical effects
    46 capacity
    47 capture
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    52 contrast
    53 cooling
    54 crop cultivation
    55 crops
    56 cultivation
    57 cultivation area
    58 effect
    59 emission technology
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    61 evapotranspiration rates
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    63 global air temperature
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    68 lignocellulosic bioenergy crops
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    71 mitigation capacity
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    78 region
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