High pressure synthesis of phosphine from the elements and the discovery of the missing (PH3)2H2 tile View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-11-30

AUTHORS

Matteo Ceppatelli, Demetrio Scelta, Manuel Serrano-Ruiz, Kamil Dziubek, Gaston Garbarino, Jeroen Jacobs, Mohamed Mezouar, Roberto Bini, Maurizio Peruzzini

ABSTRACT

High pressure reactivity of phosphorus and hydrogen is relevant to fundamental chemistry, energy conversion and storage, and materials science. Here we report the synthesis of (PH3)2H2, a crystalline van der Waals (vdW) compound (I4cm) made of PH3 and H2 molecules, in a Diamond Anvil Cell by direct catalyst-free high pressure (1.2 GPa) and high temperature (T ≲ 1000 K) chemical reaction of black phosphorus and liquid hydrogen, followed by room T compression above 3.5 GPa. Group 15 elements were previously not known to form H2-containing vdW compounds of their molecular hydrides. The observation of (PH3)2H2, identified by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and vibrational spectroscopy (FTIR, Raman), therefore represents the discovery of a previously missing tile, specifically corresponding to P for pnictogens, in the ability of non-metallic elements to form such compounds. Significant chemical implications encompass reactivity of the elements under extreme conditions, with the observation of the P analogue of the Haber-Bosch reaction for N, fundamental bond theory, and predicted high pressure superconductivity in P-H systems. More... »

PAGES

6125

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-020-19745-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19745-2

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33257669


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    26 schema:description High pressure reactivity of phosphorus and hydrogen is relevant to fundamental chemistry, energy conversion and storage, and materials science. Here we report the synthesis of (PH<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub>H<sub>2</sub>, a crystalline van der Waals (vdW) compound (I4cm) made of PH<sub>3</sub> and H<sub>2</sub> molecules, in a Diamond Anvil Cell by direct catalyst-free high pressure (1.2 GPa) and high temperature (T ≲ 1000 K) chemical reaction of black phosphorus and liquid hydrogen, followed by room T compression above 3.5 GPa. Group 15 elements were previously not known to form H<sub>2</sub>-containing vdW compounds of their molecular hydrides. The observation of (PH<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub>H<sub>2</sub>, identified by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and vibrational spectroscopy (FTIR, Raman), therefore represents the discovery of a previously missing tile, specifically corresponding to P for pnictogens, in the ability of non-metallic elements to form such compounds. Significant chemical implications encompass reactivity of the elements under extreme conditions, with the observation of the P analogue of the Haber-Bosch reaction for N, fundamental bond theory, and predicted high pressure superconductivity in P-H systems.
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    34 Haber-Bosch reaction
    35 Significant chemical implications encompass reactivity
    36 T compression
    37 Waals (vdW) compound
    38 ability
    39 analogues
    40 anvil cell
    41 black phosphorus
    42 bond theory
    43 catalyst-free high pressure
    44 cells
    45 chemical implications encompass reactivity
    46 chemical reactions
    47 chemistry
    48 compounds
    49 compression
    50 conditions
    51 conversion
    52 crystalline van der Waals (vdW) compound
    53 der Waals (vdW) compound
    54 diamond anvil cell
    55 diffraction
    56 direct catalyst-free high pressure
    57 discovery
    58 elements
    59 encompass reactivity
    60 energy conversion
    61 extreme conditions
    62 fundamental bond theory
    63 fundamental chemistry
    64 group 15 elements
    65 high pressure
    66 high-pressure reactivity
    67 high-pressure superconductivity
    68 high-pressure synthesis
    69 high-temperature chemical reactions
    70 hydride
    71 hydrogen
    72 implications encompass reactivity
    73 liquid hydrogen
    74 materials science
    75 missing tile
    76 molecular hydrides
    77 molecules
    78 non-metallic elements
    79 observations
    80 pH
    81 phosphine
    82 phosphorus
    83 pnictogen
    84 pressure
    85 pressure reactivity
    86 pressure superconductivity
    87 pressure synthesis
    88 ray diffraction
    89 reaction
    90 reactivity
    91 room T compression
    92 science
    93 spectroscopy
    94 storage
    95 such compounds
    96 superconductivity
    97 synchrotron X
    98 synthesis
    99 system
    100 temperature (T ≲ 1000 K) chemical reaction
    101 theory
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    106 schema:name High pressure synthesis of phosphine from the elements and the discovery of the missing (PH3)2H2 tile
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