High pressure synthesis of phosphine from the elements and the discovery of the missing (PH3)2H2 tile View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-11-30

AUTHORS

Matteo Ceppatelli, Demetrio Scelta, Manuel Serrano-Ruiz, Kamil Dziubek, Gaston Garbarino, Jeroen Jacobs, Mohamed Mezouar, Roberto Bini, Maurizio Peruzzini

ABSTRACT

High pressure reactivity of phosphorus and hydrogen is relevant to fundamental chemistry, energy conversion and storage, and materials science. Here we report the synthesis of (PH3)2H2, a crystalline van der Waals (vdW) compound (I4cm) made of PH3 and H2 molecules, in a Diamond Anvil Cell by direct catalyst-free high pressure (1.2 GPa) and high temperature (T ≲ 1000 K) chemical reaction of black phosphorus and liquid hydrogen, followed by room T compression above 3.5 GPa. Group 15 elements were previously not known to form H2-containing vdW compounds of their molecular hydrides. The observation of (PH3)2H2, identified by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and vibrational spectroscopy (FTIR, Raman), therefore represents the discovery of a previously missing tile, specifically corresponding to P for pnictogens, in the ability of non-metallic elements to form such compounds. Significant chemical implications encompass reactivity of the elements under extreme conditions, with the observation of the P analogue of the Haber-Bosch reaction for N, fundamental bond theory, and predicted high pressure superconductivity in P-H systems. More... »

PAGES

6125

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-020-19745-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19745-2

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33257669


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    26 schema:description High pressure reactivity of phosphorus and hydrogen is relevant to fundamental chemistry, energy conversion and storage, and materials science. Here we report the synthesis of (PH3)2H2, a crystalline van der Waals (vdW) compound (I4cm) made of PH3 and H2 molecules, in a Diamond Anvil Cell by direct catalyst-free high pressure (1.2 GPa) and high temperature (T ≲ 1000 K) chemical reaction of black phosphorus and liquid hydrogen, followed by room T compression above 3.5 GPa. Group 15 elements were previously not known to form H2-containing vdW compounds of their molecular hydrides. The observation of (PH3)2H2, identified by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and vibrational spectroscopy (FTIR, Raman), therefore represents the discovery of a previously missing tile, specifically corresponding to P for pnictogens, in the ability of non-metallic elements to form such compounds. Significant chemical implications encompass reactivity of the elements under extreme conditions, with the observation of the P analogue of the Haber-Bosch reaction for N, fundamental bond theory, and predicted high pressure superconductivity in P-H systems.
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    34 H system
    35 H2
    36 H2 molecules
    37 Haber-Bosch reaction
    38 P analogues
    39 PH3
    40 X-ray diffraction
    41 ability
    42 analogues
    43 anvil cell
    44 black phosphorus
    45 bond theory
    46 cells
    47 chemical reactions
    48 chemistry
    49 compounds
    50 compression
    51 conditions
    52 conversion
    53 diamond anvil cell
    54 diffraction
    55 discovery
    56 elements
    57 energy conversion
    58 extreme conditions
    59 fundamental chemistry
    60 group 15 elements
    61 high pressure
    62 high-pressure reactivity
    63 high-pressure superconductivity
    64 high-pressure synthesis
    65 high-temperature chemical reactions
    66 hydride
    67 hydrogen
    68 liquid hydrogen
    69 materials science
    70 molecular hydrides
    71 molecules
    72 non-metallic elements
    73 observations
    74 phosphine
    75 phosphorus
    76 pnictogen
    77 pressure
    78 pressure reactivity
    79 pressure synthesis
    80 reaction
    81 reactivity
    82 science
    83 spectroscopy
    84 storage
    85 such compounds
    86 superconductivity
    87 synchrotron X-ray diffraction
    88 synthesis
    89 system
    90 theory
    91 tiles
    92 van der Waals compound
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    94 schema:name High pressure synthesis of phosphine from the elements and the discovery of the missing (PH3)2H2 tile
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