Near-real-time monitoring of global CO2 emissions reveals the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-10-14

AUTHORS

Zhu Liu, Philippe Ciais, Zhu Deng, Ruixue Lei, Steven J. Davis, Sha Feng, Bo Zheng, Duo Cui, Xinyu Dou, Biqing Zhu, Rui Guo, Piyu Ke, Taochun Sun, Chenxi Lu, Pan He, Yuan Wang, Xu Yue, Yilong Wang, Yadong Lei, Hao Zhou, Zhaonan Cai, Yuhui Wu, Runtao Guo, Tingxuan Han, Jinjun Xue, Olivier Boucher, Eulalie Boucher, Frédéric Chevallier, Katsumasa Tanaka, Yiming Wei, Haiwang Zhong, Chongqing Kang, Ning Zhang, Bin Chen, Fengming Xi, Miaomiao Liu, François-Marie Bréon, Yonglong Lu, Qiang Zhang, Dabo Guan, Peng Gong, Daniel M. Kammen, Kebin He, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting human activities, and in turn energy use and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Here we present daily estimates of country-level CO2 emissions for different sectors based on near-real-time activity data. The key result is an abrupt 8.8% decrease in global CO2 emissions (−1551 Mt CO2) in the first half of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The magnitude of this decrease is larger than during previous economic downturns or World War II. The timing of emissions decreases corresponds to lockdown measures in each country. By July 1st, the pandemic’s effects on global emissions diminished as lockdown restrictions relaxed and some economic activities restarted, especially in China and several European countries, but substantial differences persist between countries, with continuing emission declines in the U.S. where coronavirus cases are still increasing substantially. More... »

PAGES

5172

Journal

TITLE

Nature Communications

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

11

Author Affiliations

  • Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d’Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, Croul Hall, 3232, Irvine, CA, USA
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
  • Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, China
  • Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • Climate Change Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • Key Laboratory of Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
  • School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • School of Mathematical School, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • Department of Mathematical Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • Economic Research Centre of Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
  • Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Sorbonne Université / CNRS, Paris, France
  • Université Paris Dauphine, Place du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 75016, Paris, France
  • Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
  • Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China
  • Department of Electrical Engineering, the State Key Lab of Control and Simulation of Power Systems and Generation Equipment, Institute for National Governance and Global Governance, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • Institute of Blue and Green Development Shandong University, Weihai, China
  • School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
  • Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China
  • State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
  • Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology of Ministry of Education, College of Ecology and the Environment, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
  • Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
  • Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131654403

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33057164


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/14", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Economics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1402", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Applied Economics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Air Pollutants", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Betacoronavirus", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "COVID-19", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Carbon Dioxide", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Coronavirus Infections", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Environmental Monitoring", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Fossil Fuels", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Industry", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Nitrogen Dioxide", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Pandemics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Pneumonia, Viral", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "SARS-CoV-2", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Liu", 
            "givenName": "Zhu", 
            "id": "sg:person.01166076334.66", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166076334.66"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l\u2019Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d\u2019Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.457340.1", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l\u2019Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d\u2019Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ciais", 
            "givenName": "Philippe", 
            "id": "sg:person.01231663222.16", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01231663222.16"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Deng", 
            "givenName": "Zhu", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29857.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lei", 
            "givenName": "Ruixue", 
            "id": "sg:person.010736152376.26", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010736152376.26"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, Croul Hall, 3232, Irvine, CA, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266093.8", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, Croul Hall, 3232, Irvine, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Davis", 
            "givenName": "Steven J.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29857.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Feng", 
            "givenName": "Sha", 
            "id": "sg:person.013424457255.30", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013424457255.30"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l\u2019Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d\u2019Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.457340.1", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l\u2019Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d\u2019Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zheng", 
            "givenName": "Bo", 
            "id": "sg:person.015101725063.48", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015101725063.48"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Cui", 
            "givenName": "Duo", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Dou", 
            "givenName": "Xinyu", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhu", 
            "givenName": "Biqing", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Guo", 
            "givenName": "Rui", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ke", 
            "givenName": "Piyu", 
            "id": "sg:person.014463510171.39", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014463510171.39"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sun", 
            "givenName": "Taochun", 
            "id": "sg:person.014141034173.22", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014141034173.22"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lu", 
            "givenName": "Chenxi", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "He", 
            "givenName": "Pan", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.211367.0", 
              "name": [
                "Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA", 
                "Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wang", 
            "givenName": "Yuan", 
            "id": "sg:person.0633166465.17", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0633166465.17"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.260478.f", 
              "name": [
                "Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Yue", 
            "givenName": "Xu", 
            "id": "sg:person.07570500077.76", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07570500077.76"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424975.9", 
              "name": [
                "Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wang", 
            "givenName": "Yilong", 
            "id": "sg:person.014270463353.08", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014270463353.08"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Climate Change Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424023.3", 
              "name": [
                "Climate Change Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lei", 
            "givenName": "Yadong", 
            "id": "sg:person.013103425373.01", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013103425373.01"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Climate Change Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424023.3", 
              "name": [
                "Climate Change Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhou", 
            "givenName": "Hao", 
            "id": "sg:person.011020616347.64", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011020616347.64"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Key Laboratory of Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.424023.3", 
              "name": [
                "Key Laboratory of Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Cai", 
            "givenName": "Zhaonan", 
            "id": "sg:person.016452655251.65", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016452655251.65"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wu", 
            "givenName": "Yuhui", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "School of Mathematical School, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mathematical School, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Guo", 
            "givenName": "Runtao", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Mathematical Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Mathematical Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Han", 
            "givenName": "Tingxuan", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Economic Research Centre of Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.27476.30", 
              "name": [
                "Center of Hubei Cooperative Innovation for Emissions Trading System, Wuhan, China", 
                "Faculty of Management and Economics, Kunming University of Science and Technology, 13, Kunming, China", 
                "Economic Research Centre of Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Xue", 
            "givenName": "Jinjun", 
            "id": "sg:person.014744076031.76", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014744076031.76"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Sorbonne Universit\u00e9 / CNRS, Paris, France", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.423115.0", 
              "name": [
                "Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Sorbonne Universit\u00e9 / CNRS, Paris, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Boucher", 
            "givenName": "Olivier", 
            "id": "sg:person.01301253676.11", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01301253676.11"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Universit\u00e9 Paris Dauphine, Place du Mar\u00e9chal de Lattre de Tassigny, 75016, Paris, France", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11024.36", 
              "name": [
                "Universit\u00e9 Paris Dauphine, Place du Mar\u00e9chal de Lattre de Tassigny, 75016, Paris, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Boucher", 
            "givenName": "Eulalie", 
            "id": "sg:person.014215401201.03", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014215401201.03"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l\u2019Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d\u2019Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.457340.1", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l\u2019Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d\u2019Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chevallier", 
            "givenName": "Fr\u00e9d\u00e9ric", 
            "id": "sg:person.012510312637.06", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012510312637.06"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.140139.e", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l\u2019Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d\u2019Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France", 
                "Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Tanaka", 
            "givenName": "Katsumasa", 
            "id": "sg:person.01220162777.75", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01220162777.75"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.43555.32", 
              "name": [
                "Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wei", 
            "givenName": "Yiming", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Electrical Engineering, the State Key Lab of Control and Simulation of Power Systems and Generation Equipment, Institute for National Governance and Global Governance, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Electrical Engineering, the State Key Lab of Control and Simulation of Power Systems and Generation Equipment, Institute for National Governance and Global Governance, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhong", 
            "givenName": "Haiwang", 
            "id": "sg:person.015362714752.88", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015362714752.88"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Electrical Engineering, the State Key Lab of Control and Simulation of Power Systems and Generation Equipment, Institute for National Governance and Global Governance, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Electrical Engineering, the State Key Lab of Control and Simulation of Power Systems and Generation Equipment, Institute for National Governance and Global Governance, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kang", 
            "givenName": "Chongqing", 
            "id": "sg:person.012564444035.14", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012564444035.14"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Blue and Green Development Shandong University, Weihai, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.27255.37", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Blue and Green Development Shandong University, Weihai, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhang", 
            "givenName": "Ning", 
            "id": "sg:person.01274426701.43", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01274426701.43"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20513.35", 
              "name": [
                "School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chen", 
            "givenName": "Bin", 
            "id": "sg:person.01232645724.50", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01232645724.50"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.458475.f", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Xi", 
            "givenName": "Fengming", 
            "id": "sg:person.01362352133.98", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01362352133.98"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.509511.9", 
              "name": [
                "State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Liu", 
            "givenName": "Miaomiao", 
            "id": "sg:person.01357265230.53", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01357265230.53"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l\u2019Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d\u2019Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.457340.1", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l\u2019Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d\u2019Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Br\u00e9on", 
            "givenName": "Fran\u00e7ois-Marie", 
            "id": "sg:person.016130072171.50", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016130072171.50"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology of Ministry of Education, College of Ecology and the Environment, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12955.3a", 
              "name": [
                "Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology of Ministry of Education, College of Ecology and the Environment, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lu", 
            "givenName": "Yonglong", 
            "id": "sg:person.0764417077.06", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0764417077.06"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhang", 
            "givenName": "Qiang", 
            "id": "sg:person.01130111705.12", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01130111705.12"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Guan", 
            "givenName": "Dabo", 
            "id": "sg:person.016365665175.85", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016365665175.85"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gong", 
            "givenName": "Peng", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47840.3f", 
              "name": [
                "Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kammen", 
            "givenName": "Daniel M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0677226631.19", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0677226631.19"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "He", 
            "givenName": "Kebin", 
            "id": "sg:person.011046712765.94", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011046712765.94"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4556.2", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China", 
                "Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Schellnhuber", 
            "givenName": "Hans Joachim", 
            "id": "sg:person.01153320406.73", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01153320406.73"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature14677", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019483549", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14677"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate1670", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016470415", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1670"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41597-020-0462-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1126749353", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-0462-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-019-1364-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1117654730", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1364-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate1560", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027051478", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1560"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-020-0797-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1127706940", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-0797-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2020-10-14", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2020-10-14", 
        "description": "The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting human activities, and in turn energy use and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Here we present daily estimates of country-level CO2 emissions for different sectors based on near-real-time activity data. The key result is an abrupt 8.8% decrease in global CO2 emissions (\u22121551 Mt CO2) in the first half of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The magnitude of this decrease is larger than during previous economic downturns or World War II. The timing of emissions decreases corresponds to lockdown measures in each country. By July 1st, the pandemic\u2019s effects on global emissions diminished as lockdown restrictions relaxed and some economic activities restarted, especially in China and several European countries, but substantial differences persist between countries, with continuing emission declines in the U.S. where coronavirus cases are still increasing substantially.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.8374550", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.8326354", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.7528438", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.9455153", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.8925356", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.8326189", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.8868415", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.8870176", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.8869241", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1043282", 
            "issn": [
              "2041-1723"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature Communications", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "11"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "CO2 emissions", 
          "global CO2 emissions", 
          "carbon dioxide emissions", 
          "previous economic downturns", 
          "economic downturn", 
          "economic activity", 
          "COVID-19 pandemic", 
          "energy use", 
          "dioxide emissions", 
          "different sectors", 
          "World War II", 
          "timing of emissions", 
          "countries", 
          "pandemic effects", 
          "global emissions", 
          "European countries", 
          "emission decline", 
          "time monitoring", 
          "emission", 
          "daily estimates", 
          "sector", 
          "key results", 
          "first half", 
          "downturn", 
          "War II", 
          "lockdown restrictions", 
          "substantial differences", 
          "U.S.", 
          "coronavirus cases", 
          "pandemic", 
          "estimates", 
          "same period", 
          "measures", 
          "restriction", 
          "China", 
          "decline", 
          "human activities", 
          "use", 
          "data", 
          "results", 
          "decrease", 
          "period", 
          "magnitude", 
          "timing", 
          "corresponds", 
          "effect", 
          "monitoring", 
          "activity", 
          "time-activity data", 
          "activity data", 
          "half", 
          "differences", 
          "cases"
        ], 
        "name": "Near-real-time monitoring of global CO2 emissions reveals the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic", 
        "pagination": "5172", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1131654403"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "33057164"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131654403"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-20T07:36", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220519/entities/gbq_results/article/article_835.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    568 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      98 URIs      84 LITERALS      20 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7 schema:about N0e4a4f4b858046808e5416b2e0b78209
    2 N16a8c6e618ed4b3586ec2d44d4f4538e
    3 N19f4352d2a734eff9efb4309ff9627a4
    4 N2f1b9c22dd2646fb88a278198e66968e
    5 N43a234edef954b69a17fb30c526f90c3
    6 N53582fbf110c42c5bd9e75861d1445bb
    7 N85fec56e0ff24536b30a20fa08d3a8c6
    8 N86441fd103cd423f9d00e458054cef9f
    9 N8ed3111374ba404f8a8ca1cb3b602d95
    10 N98daae3900c6416881c057da4a87ac24
    11 Nb18d95a122134d00a91c5c942eed6dc5
    12 Nb2c34df5b7e34e93a59ec2f2d07fe7b0
    13 Nf367e1c285324772941246b1a8293b9a
    14 anzsrc-for:14
    15 anzsrc-for:1402
    16 schema:author Nf9ff25370aea4942a566e9178e711aab
    17 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/nature14677
    18 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate1560
    19 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate1670
    20 sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-020-0797-x
    21 sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-019-1364-3
    22 sg:pub.10.1038/s41597-020-0462-2
    23 schema:datePublished 2020-10-14
    24 schema:datePublishedReg 2020-10-14
    25 schema:description The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting human activities, and in turn energy use and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Here we present daily estimates of country-level CO2 emissions for different sectors based on near-real-time activity data. The key result is an abrupt 8.8% decrease in global CO2 emissions (−1551 Mt CO2) in the first half of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The magnitude of this decrease is larger than during previous economic downturns or World War II. The timing of emissions decreases corresponds to lockdown measures in each country. By July 1st, the pandemic’s effects on global emissions diminished as lockdown restrictions relaxed and some economic activities restarted, especially in China and several European countries, but substantial differences persist between countries, with continuing emission declines in the U.S. where coronavirus cases are still increasing substantially.
    26 schema:genre article
    27 schema:inLanguage en
    28 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    29 schema:isPartOf N03dae10967744503b137add626653d4d
    30 Nc6c2f12b75a64e0eb8e4e049ca92428d
    31 sg:journal.1043282
    32 schema:keywords CO2 emissions
    33 COVID-19 pandemic
    34 China
    35 European countries
    36 U.S.
    37 War II
    38 World War II
    39 activity
    40 activity data
    41 carbon dioxide emissions
    42 cases
    43 coronavirus cases
    44 corresponds
    45 countries
    46 daily estimates
    47 data
    48 decline
    49 decrease
    50 differences
    51 different sectors
    52 dioxide emissions
    53 downturn
    54 economic activity
    55 economic downturn
    56 effect
    57 emission
    58 emission decline
    59 energy use
    60 estimates
    61 first half
    62 global CO2 emissions
    63 global emissions
    64 half
    65 human activities
    66 key results
    67 lockdown restrictions
    68 magnitude
    69 measures
    70 monitoring
    71 pandemic
    72 pandemic effects
    73 period
    74 previous economic downturns
    75 restriction
    76 results
    77 same period
    78 sector
    79 substantial differences
    80 time monitoring
    81 time-activity data
    82 timing
    83 timing of emissions
    84 use
    85 schema:name Near-real-time monitoring of global CO2 emissions reveals the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic
    86 schema:pagination 5172
    87 schema:productId N0477cc34a6e84e86b482dd3ff5d34233
    88 Nc7ad0cfd48504909b72b2b8594814613
    89 Nce69e1c6d88c4c64b965aab8b3496759
    90 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131654403
    91 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    92 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-20T07:36
    93 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    94 schema:sdPublisher N0e4df9b348af49fbad8ed1c8b9cfff1e
    95 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    96 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    97 sgo:sdDataset articles
    98 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    99 N03dae10967744503b137add626653d4d schema:issueNumber 1
    100 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    101 N0477cc34a6e84e86b482dd3ff5d34233 schema:name pubmed_id
    102 schema:value 33057164
    103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    104 N05a03e28ec27432b843b0ab90cf88604 rdf:first N35e468ff653145e799a91663f492afad
    105 rdf:rest N82a08d93ade647eabb2a60b889691191
    106 N0940ceef57894e5e95062e7fef410d67 rdf:first N99f39c088e6546748b70267a999d0170
    107 rdf:rest Nfa4fe98c0804480582e730a6ecdbbcd9
    108 N0e4a4f4b858046808e5416b2e0b78209 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    109 schema:name Humans
    110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    111 N0e4df9b348af49fbad8ed1c8b9cfff1e schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    112 rdf:type schema:Organization
    113 N12f6b034a719427fad86c4fc2d5d3350 rdf:first N22aab68a20de4cc992227d255e47d40b
    114 rdf:rest Ncff6c46167e14e74af78aaa94662661e
    115 N144bfc6fb8424bc797e4bcde736b85de rdf:first sg:person.014270463353.08
    116 rdf:rest Nfdbbeb76cb394bb3aa5be18334229266
    117 N148952ae735f48709ee58cbb75657466 rdf:first sg:person.01362352133.98
    118 rdf:rest Ne12bf7348a1048f18298b03c24bcb5fc
    119 N150fa4fefd4c4bf1b17fbcbfc9127047 rdf:first sg:person.012510312637.06
    120 rdf:rest Ne8b765e6caa647979c3ed298be6866b1
    121 N16a8c6e618ed4b3586ec2d44d4f4538e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    122 schema:name Pandemics
    123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    124 N19f4352d2a734eff9efb4309ff9627a4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    125 schema:name COVID-19
    126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    127 N1a046725ba74426f861b01f167efda04 rdf:first sg:person.016365665175.85
    128 rdf:rest Nf3beeadb4a2347bf8f447472d0e9cf2e
    129 N22aab68a20de4cc992227d255e47d40b schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.43555.32
    130 schema:familyName Wei
    131 schema:givenName Yiming
    132 rdf:type schema:Person
    133 N23c41a25e7b54c8d8d4561a391785a03 rdf:first sg:person.016452655251.65
    134 rdf:rest Nb74cc2a0ce9240d5ad5c2eefc8625156
    135 N2b08737563224817a192432d6fa1c7fe rdf:first sg:person.015101725063.48
    136 rdf:rest Ndbba7594d3f845d4a41e6dc326889a83
    137 N2d0b25532f3b41a7a605fa70217da127 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    138 schema:familyName Dou
    139 schema:givenName Xinyu
    140 rdf:type schema:Person
    141 N2db24c68726544b2a8a3e04707d93979 rdf:first sg:person.014215401201.03
    142 rdf:rest N150fa4fefd4c4bf1b17fbcbfc9127047
    143 N2f1b9c22dd2646fb88a278198e66968e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    144 schema:name Carbon Dioxide
    145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    146 N3201dc0ec82e495bba1ddff7672abc7c rdf:first N795a41d5e47c431189ff8c47e28ea02d
    147 rdf:rest N6f223ebbdace4364840aaee9a1d2e2d2
    148 N34c4b53306f045419a0f2e4d58c44f2e rdf:first sg:person.014141034173.22
    149 rdf:rest Nc5a704381f3e47c19fff529b46704172
    150 N35e468ff653145e799a91663f492afad schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    151 schema:familyName Guo
    152 schema:givenName Runtao
    153 rdf:type schema:Person
    154 N3c8121c870d643168e7021ecc4b8b80e schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    155 schema:familyName Wu
    156 schema:givenName Yuhui
    157 rdf:type schema:Person
    158 N43a234edef954b69a17fb30c526f90c3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    159 schema:name Industry
    160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    161 N4cd8eda082e34d6ba0a963e0ff00bb6e schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    162 schema:familyName Zhu
    163 schema:givenName Biqing
    164 rdf:type schema:Person
    165 N53582fbf110c42c5bd9e75861d1445bb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    166 schema:name Air Pollutants
    167 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    168 N548203299e3d4a92a0c5df5cb93d30da rdf:first sg:person.01130111705.12
    169 rdf:rest N1a046725ba74426f861b01f167efda04
    170 N61a51a8ff7e744c6882aa858a1076cfa schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    171 schema:familyName Gong
    172 schema:givenName Peng
    173 rdf:type schema:Person
    174 N61be20cbcb58426d81cf030e061202e0 rdf:first sg:person.0633166465.17
    175 rdf:rest Ne42163c62a0e49d4b63621af2700cfc5
    176 N6f223ebbdace4364840aaee9a1d2e2d2 rdf:first sg:person.014463510171.39
    177 rdf:rest N34c4b53306f045419a0f2e4d58c44f2e
    178 N754a238e0639451a9201d5b88284b698 rdf:first sg:person.011020616347.64
    179 rdf:rest N23c41a25e7b54c8d8d4561a391785a03
    180 N795a41d5e47c431189ff8c47e28ea02d schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    181 schema:familyName Guo
    182 schema:givenName Rui
    183 rdf:type schema:Person
    184 N7a06fea54edd49539d38afe979f29ac6 rdf:first sg:person.01274426701.43
    185 rdf:rest N996922e7d63c4b528432061fd0d1951d
    186 N7dbf4b2d2e3f43c9b69f839f08947543 rdf:first sg:person.01231663222.16
    187 rdf:rest Ne5304a9245a9451ebf145fc17a3cd765
    188 N7faa04e0829849a8af9abe233eddd1d3 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    189 schema:familyName Lu
    190 schema:givenName Chenxi
    191 rdf:type schema:Person
    192 N82a08d93ade647eabb2a60b889691191 rdf:first Ncedce8b4ecef45eb9cf8a546afc2d60f
    193 rdf:rest Na7387eb2af88423388ac90e107a113e3
    194 N85fec56e0ff24536b30a20fa08d3a8c6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    195 schema:name Pneumonia, Viral
    196 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    197 N86441fd103cd423f9d00e458054cef9f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    198 schema:name Environmental Monitoring
    199 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    200 N8c75958cae784bf1bcbd4c699c8735c2 rdf:first sg:person.01153320406.73
    201 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    202 N8ea2c9a4d7894c76a68f98fa17ed4df3 rdf:first Nd4dddaeaa89f4553942315ef987dde21
    203 rdf:rest N61be20cbcb58426d81cf030e061202e0
    204 N8ed3111374ba404f8a8ca1cb3b602d95 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    205 schema:name SARS-CoV-2
    206 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    207 N8ffef50a834a4fd28bf7b56373210901 rdf:first sg:person.010736152376.26
    208 rdf:rest N0940ceef57894e5e95062e7fef410d67
    209 N909c4d4b8f714467ac3cb2ad61493b8f rdf:first sg:person.01301253676.11
    210 rdf:rest N2db24c68726544b2a8a3e04707d93979
    211 N945b491f6d0f4550877f1c4847d24d5a rdf:first sg:person.011046712765.94
    212 rdf:rest N8c75958cae784bf1bcbd4c699c8735c2
    213 N98daae3900c6416881c057da4a87ac24 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    214 schema:name Betacoronavirus
    215 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    216 N996922e7d63c4b528432061fd0d1951d rdf:first sg:person.01232645724.50
    217 rdf:rest N148952ae735f48709ee58cbb75657466
    218 N99f39c088e6546748b70267a999d0170 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.266093.8
    219 schema:familyName Davis
    220 schema:givenName Steven J.
    221 rdf:type schema:Person
    222 Na56848b10f0a455babcbfe34a70d81fc rdf:first sg:person.0677226631.19
    223 rdf:rest N945b491f6d0f4550877f1c4847d24d5a
    224 Na7387eb2af88423388ac90e107a113e3 rdf:first sg:person.014744076031.76
    225 rdf:rest N909c4d4b8f714467ac3cb2ad61493b8f
    226 Nac4e714fe6f6472ebc085989dcc0cef9 rdf:first N4cd8eda082e34d6ba0a963e0ff00bb6e
    227 rdf:rest N3201dc0ec82e495bba1ddff7672abc7c
    228 Nb18d95a122134d00a91c5c942eed6dc5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    229 schema:name Coronavirus Infections
    230 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    231 Nb2c34df5b7e34e93a59ec2f2d07fe7b0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    232 schema:name Nitrogen Dioxide
    233 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    234 Nb715a5837493466399e4af7180f2397a rdf:first sg:person.012564444035.14
    235 rdf:rest N7a06fea54edd49539d38afe979f29ac6
    236 Nb74cc2a0ce9240d5ad5c2eefc8625156 rdf:first N3c8121c870d643168e7021ecc4b8b80e
    237 rdf:rest N05a03e28ec27432b843b0ab90cf88604
    238 Nc1a63f9fec8a40e9b1f94ac0fca9fd17 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    239 schema:familyName Cui
    240 schema:givenName Duo
    241 rdf:type schema:Person
    242 Nc42e69e0b5fb497582b74d5a44c1c830 rdf:first N2d0b25532f3b41a7a605fa70217da127
    243 rdf:rest Nac4e714fe6f6472ebc085989dcc0cef9
    244 Nc599b8b0fba94f22b3b9b62ff4b83da8 rdf:first sg:person.016130072171.50
    245 rdf:rest Nc72dd9b6499241b098b4ca44fdec6507
    246 Nc5a704381f3e47c19fff529b46704172 rdf:first N7faa04e0829849a8af9abe233eddd1d3
    247 rdf:rest N8ea2c9a4d7894c76a68f98fa17ed4df3
    248 Nc6c2f12b75a64e0eb8e4e049ca92428d schema:volumeNumber 11
    249 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    250 Nc72dd9b6499241b098b4ca44fdec6507 rdf:first sg:person.0764417077.06
    251 rdf:rest N548203299e3d4a92a0c5df5cb93d30da
    252 Nc7ad0cfd48504909b72b2b8594814613 schema:name doi
    253 schema:value 10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    254 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    255 Nce69e1c6d88c4c64b965aab8b3496759 schema:name dimensions_id
    256 schema:value pub.1131654403
    257 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    258 Ncedce8b4ecef45eb9cf8a546afc2d60f schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    259 schema:familyName Han
    260 schema:givenName Tingxuan
    261 rdf:type schema:Person
    262 Ncff6c46167e14e74af78aaa94662661e rdf:first sg:person.015362714752.88
    263 rdf:rest Nb715a5837493466399e4af7180f2397a
    264 Nd4dddaeaa89f4553942315ef987dde21 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    265 schema:familyName He
    266 schema:givenName Pan
    267 rdf:type schema:Person
    268 Ndbba7594d3f845d4a41e6dc326889a83 rdf:first Nc1a63f9fec8a40e9b1f94ac0fca9fd17
    269 rdf:rest Nc42e69e0b5fb497582b74d5a44c1c830
    270 Ne12bf7348a1048f18298b03c24bcb5fc rdf:first sg:person.01357265230.53
    271 rdf:rest Nc599b8b0fba94f22b3b9b62ff4b83da8
    272 Ne42163c62a0e49d4b63621af2700cfc5 rdf:first sg:person.07570500077.76
    273 rdf:rest N144bfc6fb8424bc797e4bcde736b85de
    274 Ne50b13e716d4455bbb6659df1a80823b schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    275 schema:familyName Deng
    276 schema:givenName Zhu
    277 rdf:type schema:Person
    278 Ne5304a9245a9451ebf145fc17a3cd765 rdf:first Ne50b13e716d4455bbb6659df1a80823b
    279 rdf:rest N8ffef50a834a4fd28bf7b56373210901
    280 Ne8b765e6caa647979c3ed298be6866b1 rdf:first sg:person.01220162777.75
    281 rdf:rest N12f6b034a719427fad86c4fc2d5d3350
    282 Nf367e1c285324772941246b1a8293b9a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    283 schema:name Fossil Fuels
    284 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    285 Nf3beeadb4a2347bf8f447472d0e9cf2e rdf:first N61a51a8ff7e744c6882aa858a1076cfa
    286 rdf:rest Na56848b10f0a455babcbfe34a70d81fc
    287 Nf9ff25370aea4942a566e9178e711aab rdf:first sg:person.01166076334.66
    288 rdf:rest N7dbf4b2d2e3f43c9b69f839f08947543
    289 Nfa4fe98c0804480582e730a6ecdbbcd9 rdf:first sg:person.013424457255.30
    290 rdf:rest N2b08737563224817a192432d6fa1c7fe
    291 Nfdbbeb76cb394bb3aa5be18334229266 rdf:first sg:person.013103425373.01
    292 rdf:rest N754a238e0639451a9201d5b88284b698
    293 anzsrc-for:14 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    294 schema:name Economics
    295 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    296 anzsrc-for:1402 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    297 schema:name Applied Economics
    298 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    299 sg:grant.7528438 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    300 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    301 sg:grant.8326189 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    302 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    303 sg:grant.8326354 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    304 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    305 sg:grant.8374550 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    306 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    307 sg:grant.8868415 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    308 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    309 sg:grant.8869241 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    310 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    311 sg:grant.8870176 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    312 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    313 sg:grant.8925356 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    314 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    315 sg:grant.9455153 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18922-7
    316 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    317 sg:journal.1043282 schema:issn 2041-1723
    318 schema:name Nature Communications
    319 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    320 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    321 sg:person.010736152376.26 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.29857.31
    322 schema:familyName Lei
    323 schema:givenName Ruixue
    324 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010736152376.26
    325 rdf:type schema:Person
    326 sg:person.011020616347.64 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.424023.3
    327 schema:familyName Zhou
    328 schema:givenName Hao
    329 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011020616347.64
    330 rdf:type schema:Person
    331 sg:person.011046712765.94 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    332 schema:familyName He
    333 schema:givenName Kebin
    334 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011046712765.94
    335 rdf:type schema:Person
    336 sg:person.01130111705.12 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    337 schema:familyName Zhang
    338 schema:givenName Qiang
    339 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01130111705.12
    340 rdf:type schema:Person
    341 sg:person.01153320406.73 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4556.2
    342 schema:familyName Schellnhuber
    343 schema:givenName Hans Joachim
    344 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01153320406.73
    345 rdf:type schema:Person
    346 sg:person.01166076334.66 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    347 schema:familyName Liu
    348 schema:givenName Zhu
    349 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166076334.66
    350 rdf:type schema:Person
    351 sg:person.01220162777.75 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.140139.e
    352 schema:familyName Tanaka
    353 schema:givenName Katsumasa
    354 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01220162777.75
    355 rdf:type schema:Person
    356 sg:person.01231663222.16 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.457340.1
    357 schema:familyName Ciais
    358 schema:givenName Philippe
    359 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01231663222.16
    360 rdf:type schema:Person
    361 sg:person.01232645724.50 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.20513.35
    362 schema:familyName Chen
    363 schema:givenName Bin
    364 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01232645724.50
    365 rdf:type schema:Person
    366 sg:person.012510312637.06 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.457340.1
    367 schema:familyName Chevallier
    368 schema:givenName Frédéric
    369 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012510312637.06
    370 rdf:type schema:Person
    371 sg:person.012564444035.14 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    372 schema:familyName Kang
    373 schema:givenName Chongqing
    374 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012564444035.14
    375 rdf:type schema:Person
    376 sg:person.01274426701.43 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.27255.37
    377 schema:familyName Zhang
    378 schema:givenName Ning
    379 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01274426701.43
    380 rdf:type schema:Person
    381 sg:person.01301253676.11 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.423115.0
    382 schema:familyName Boucher
    383 schema:givenName Olivier
    384 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01301253676.11
    385 rdf:type schema:Person
    386 sg:person.013103425373.01 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.424023.3
    387 schema:familyName Lei
    388 schema:givenName Yadong
    389 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013103425373.01
    390 rdf:type schema:Person
    391 sg:person.013424457255.30 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.29857.31
    392 schema:familyName Feng
    393 schema:givenName Sha
    394 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013424457255.30
    395 rdf:type schema:Person
    396 sg:person.01357265230.53 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.509511.9
    397 schema:familyName Liu
    398 schema:givenName Miaomiao
    399 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01357265230.53
    400 rdf:type schema:Person
    401 sg:person.01362352133.98 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.458475.f
    402 schema:familyName Xi
    403 schema:givenName Fengming
    404 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01362352133.98
    405 rdf:type schema:Person
    406 sg:person.014141034173.22 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    407 schema:familyName Sun
    408 schema:givenName Taochun
    409 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014141034173.22
    410 rdf:type schema:Person
    411 sg:person.014215401201.03 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.11024.36
    412 schema:familyName Boucher
    413 schema:givenName Eulalie
    414 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014215401201.03
    415 rdf:type schema:Person
    416 sg:person.014270463353.08 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.424975.9
    417 schema:familyName Wang
    418 schema:givenName Yilong
    419 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014270463353.08
    420 rdf:type schema:Person
    421 sg:person.014463510171.39 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    422 schema:familyName Ke
    423 schema:givenName Piyu
    424 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014463510171.39
    425 rdf:type schema:Person
    426 sg:person.014744076031.76 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.27476.30
    427 schema:familyName Xue
    428 schema:givenName Jinjun
    429 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014744076031.76
    430 rdf:type schema:Person
    431 sg:person.015101725063.48 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.457340.1
    432 schema:familyName Zheng
    433 schema:givenName Bo
    434 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015101725063.48
    435 rdf:type schema:Person
    436 sg:person.015362714752.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    437 schema:familyName Zhong
    438 schema:givenName Haiwang
    439 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015362714752.88
    440 rdf:type schema:Person
    441 sg:person.016130072171.50 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.457340.1
    442 schema:familyName Bréon
    443 schema:givenName François-Marie
    444 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016130072171.50
    445 rdf:type schema:Person
    446 sg:person.016365665175.85 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    447 schema:familyName Guan
    448 schema:givenName Dabo
    449 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016365665175.85
    450 rdf:type schema:Person
    451 sg:person.016452655251.65 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.424023.3
    452 schema:familyName Cai
    453 schema:givenName Zhaonan
    454 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016452655251.65
    455 rdf:type schema:Person
    456 sg:person.0633166465.17 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.211367.0
    457 schema:familyName Wang
    458 schema:givenName Yuan
    459 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0633166465.17
    460 rdf:type schema:Person
    461 sg:person.0677226631.19 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f
    462 schema:familyName Kammen
    463 schema:givenName Daniel M.
    464 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0677226631.19
    465 rdf:type schema:Person
    466 sg:person.07570500077.76 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.260478.f
    467 schema:familyName Yue
    468 schema:givenName Xu
    469 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07570500077.76
    470 rdf:type schema:Person
    471 sg:person.0764417077.06 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12955.3a
    472 schema:familyName Lu
    473 schema:givenName Yonglong
    474 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0764417077.06
    475 rdf:type schema:Person
    476 sg:pub.10.1038/nature14677 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019483549
    477 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14677
    478 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    479 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate1560 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027051478
    480 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1560
    481 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    482 sg:pub.10.1038/nclimate1670 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016470415
    483 https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1670
    484 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    485 sg:pub.10.1038/s41558-020-0797-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1127706940
    486 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-0797-x
    487 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    488 sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-019-1364-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1117654730
    489 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1364-3
    490 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    491 sg:pub.10.1038/s41597-020-0462-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1126749353
    492 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-0462-2
    493 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    494 grid-institutes:grid.11024.36 schema:alternateName Université Paris Dauphine, Place du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 75016, Paris, France
    495 schema:name Université Paris Dauphine, Place du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 75016, Paris, France
    496 rdf:type schema:Organization
    497 grid-institutes:grid.12527.33 schema:alternateName Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    498 Department of Electrical Engineering, the State Key Lab of Control and Simulation of Power Systems and Generation Equipment, Institute for National Governance and Global Governance, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    499 Department of Mathematical Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    500 School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    501 School of Mathematical School, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    502 schema:name Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    503 Department of Electrical Engineering, the State Key Lab of Control and Simulation of Power Systems and Generation Equipment, Institute for National Governance and Global Governance, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    504 Department of Mathematical Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    505 School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    506 School of Mathematical School, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    507 rdf:type schema:Organization
    508 grid-institutes:grid.12955.3a schema:alternateName Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology of Ministry of Education, College of Ecology and the Environment, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
    509 schema:name Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology of Ministry of Education, College of Ecology and the Environment, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
    510 rdf:type schema:Organization
    511 grid-institutes:grid.140139.e schema:alternateName Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
    512 schema:name Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
    513 Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d’Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
    514 rdf:type schema:Organization
    515 grid-institutes:grid.20513.35 schema:alternateName School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
    516 schema:name School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
    517 rdf:type schema:Organization
    518 grid-institutes:grid.211367.0 schema:alternateName Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
    519 schema:name Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
    520 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
    521 rdf:type schema:Organization
    522 grid-institutes:grid.260478.f schema:alternateName Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, China
    523 schema:name Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, China
    524 rdf:type schema:Organization
    525 grid-institutes:grid.266093.8 schema:alternateName Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, Croul Hall, 3232, Irvine, CA, USA
    526 schema:name Department of Earth System Science, University of California, Irvine, Croul Hall, 3232, Irvine, CA, USA
    527 rdf:type schema:Organization
    528 grid-institutes:grid.27255.37 schema:alternateName Institute of Blue and Green Development Shandong University, Weihai, China
    529 schema:name Institute of Blue and Green Development Shandong University, Weihai, China
    530 rdf:type schema:Organization
    531 grid-institutes:grid.27476.30 schema:alternateName Economic Research Centre of Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
    532 schema:name Center of Hubei Cooperative Innovation for Emissions Trading System, Wuhan, China
    533 Economic Research Centre of Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
    534 Faculty of Management and Economics, Kunming University of Science and Technology, 13, Kunming, China
    535 rdf:type schema:Organization
    536 grid-institutes:grid.29857.31 schema:alternateName Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    537 schema:name Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
    538 rdf:type schema:Organization
    539 grid-institutes:grid.423115.0 schema:alternateName Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Sorbonne Université / CNRS, Paris, France
    540 schema:name Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, Sorbonne Université / CNRS, Paris, France
    541 rdf:type schema:Organization
    542 grid-institutes:grid.424023.3 schema:alternateName Climate Change Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    543 Key Laboratory of Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    544 schema:name Climate Change Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    545 Key Laboratory of Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    546 rdf:type schema:Organization
    547 grid-institutes:grid.424975.9 schema:alternateName Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    548 schema:name Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
    549 rdf:type schema:Organization
    550 grid-institutes:grid.43555.32 schema:alternateName Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China
    551 schema:name Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China
    552 rdf:type schema:Organization
    553 grid-institutes:grid.4556.2 schema:alternateName Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
    554 schema:name Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
    555 Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
    556 rdf:type schema:Organization
    557 grid-institutes:grid.457340.1 schema:alternateName Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d’Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
    558 schema:name Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement LSCE, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Centre d’Etudes Orme de Merisiers, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
    559 rdf:type schema:Organization
    560 grid-institutes:grid.458475.f schema:alternateName Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China
    561 schema:name Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, China
    562 rdf:type schema:Organization
    563 grid-institutes:grid.47840.3f schema:alternateName Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    564 schema:name Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    565 rdf:type schema:Organization
    566 grid-institutes:grid.509511.9 schema:alternateName State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
    567 schema:name State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
    568 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...