Origin and adaptation to high altitude of Tibetan semi-wild wheat View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-10-08

AUTHORS

Weilong Guo, Mingming Xin, Zihao Wang, Yingyin Yao, Zhaorong Hu, Wanjun Song, Kuohai Yu, Yongming Chen, Xiaobo Wang, Panfeng Guan, Rudi Appels, Huiru Peng, Zhongfu Ni, Qixin Sun

ABSTRACT

Tibetan wheat is grown under environmental constraints at high-altitude conditions, but its underlying adaptation mechanism remains unknown. Here, we present a draft genome sequence of a Tibetan semi-wild wheat (Triticum aestivum ssp. tibetanum Shao) accession Zang1817 and re-sequence 245 wheat accessions, including world-wide wheat landraces, cultivars as well as Tibetan landraces. We demonstrate that high-altitude environments can trigger extensive reshaping of wheat genomes, and also uncover that Tibetan wheat accessions accumulate high-altitude adapted haplotypes of related genes in response to harsh environmental constraints. Moreover, we find that Tibetan semi-wild wheat is a feral form of Tibetan landrace, and identify two associated loci, including a 0.8-Mb deletion region containing Brt1/2 homologs and a genomic region with TaQ-5A gene, responsible for rachis brittleness during the de-domestication episode. Our study provides confident evidence to support the hypothesis that Tibetan semi-wild wheat is de-domesticated from local landraces, in response to high-altitude extremes. More... »

PAGES

5085

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-020-18738-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18738-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131502206

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33033250


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