Warming of hot extremes alleviated by expanding irrigation View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-01-15

AUTHORS

Wim Thiery, Auke J. Visser, Erich M. Fischer, Mathias Hauser, Annette L. Hirsch, David M. Lawrence, Quentin Lejeune, Edouard L. Davin, Sonia I. Seneviratne

ABSTRACT

Irrigation affects climate conditions – and especially hot extremes – in various regions across the globe. Yet how these climatic effects compare to other anthropogenic forcings is largely unknown. Here we provide observational and model evidence that expanding irrigation has dampened historical anthropogenic warming during hot days, with particularly strong effects over South Asia. We show that irrigation expansion can explain the negative correlation between global observed changes in daytime summer temperatures and present-day irrigation extent. While global warming increases the likelihood of hot extremes almost globally, irrigation can regionally cancel or even reverse the effects of all other forcings combined. Around one billion people (0.79–1.29) currently benefit from this dampened increase in hot extremes because irrigation massively expanded throughout the 20th\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${}^{th}$$\end{document} century. Our results therefore highlight that irrigation substantially reduced human exposure to warming of hot extremes but question whether this benefit will continue towards the future. More... »

PAGES

290

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2018-02-20. The mark of vegetation change on Earth’s surface energy balance in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2019-03-27. Land Surface Temperature Response to Irrigated Paddy Field Expansion: a Case Study of Semi-arid Western Jilin Province, China in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2018-11-06. A global dataset of air temperature derived from satellite remote sensing and weather stations in SCIENTIFIC DATA
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  • 2017-03-27. Local temperature response to land cover and management change driven by non-radiative processes in NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-019-14075-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-14075-4

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31941885


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