Ecological and geographical overlap drive plumage evolution and mimicry in woodpeckers. View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Eliot T Miller, Gavin M Leighton, Benjamin G Freeman, Alexander C Lees, Russell A Ligon

ABSTRACT

Organismal appearances are shaped by selection from both biotic and abiotic drivers. For example, Gloger's rule describes the pervasive pattern that more pigmented populations are found in more humid areas. However, species may also converge on nearly identical colours and patterns in sympatry, often to avoid predation by mimicking noxious species. Here we leverage a massive global citizen-science database to determine how biotic and abiotic factors act in concert to shape plumage in the world's 230 species of woodpeckers. We find that habitat and climate profoundly influence woodpecker plumage, and we recover support for the generality of Gloger's rule. However, many species exhibit remarkable convergence explained neither by these factors nor by shared ancestry. Instead, this convergence is associated with geographic overlap between species, suggesting occasional strong selection for interspecific mimicry. More... »

PAGES

1602

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-019-09721-w

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09721-w

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113300735

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30962513


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