Evidence for non-steady-state carbon emissions from snow-scoured alpine tundra View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

John F. Knowles, Peter D. Blanken, Corey R. Lawrence, Mark W. Williams

ABSTRACT

High-latitude warming is capable of accelerating permafrost degradation and the decomposition of previously frozen carbon. The existence of an analogous high-altitude feedback, however, has yet to be directly evaluated. We address this knowledge gap by coupling a radiocarbon-based model to 7 years (2008-2014) of continuous eddy covariance data from a snow-scoured alpine tundra meadow in Colorado, USA, where solifluction lobes are associated with discontinuous permafrost. On average, the ecosystem was a net annual source of 232 ± 54 g C m-2 (mean ± 1 standard deviation) to the atmosphere, and respiration of relatively radiocarbon-depleted (i.e., older) substrate contributes to carbon emissions during the winter. Given that alpine soils with permafrost occupy 3.6 × 106 km2 land area and are estimated to contain 66.3 Pg of soil organic carbon (4.5% of the global pool), this scenario has global implications for the mountain carbon balance and corresponding resource allocation to lower elevations. More... »

PAGES

1306

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-019-09149-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09149-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112897176

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30898997


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