Bisnorgammacerane traces predatory pressure and the persistent rise of algal ecosystems after Snowball Earth View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Lennart M. van Maldegem, Pierre Sansjofre, Johan W. H. Weijers, Klaus Wolkenstein, Paul K. Strother, Lars Wörmer, Jens Hefter, Benjamin J. Nettersheim, Yosuke Hoshino, Stefan Schouten, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, Nilamoni Nath, Christian Griesinger, Nikolay B. Kuznetsov, Marcel Elie, Marcus Elvert, Erik Tegelaar, Gerd Gleixner, Christian Hallmann

ABSTRACT

Eukaryotic algae rose to ecological relevance after the Neoproterozoic Snowball Earth glaciations, but the causes for this consequential evolutionary transition remain enigmatic. Cap carbonates were globally deposited directly after these glaciations, but they are usually organic barren or thermally overprinted. Here we show that uniquely-preserved cap dolostones of the Araras Group contain exceptional abundances of a newly identified biomarker: 25,28-bisnorgammacerane. Its secular occurrence, carbon isotope systematics and co-occurrence with other demethylated terpenoids suggest a mechanistic connection to extensive microbial degradation of ciliate-derived biomass in bacterially dominated ecosystems. Declining 25,28-bisnorgammacerane concentrations, and a parallel rise of steranes over hopanes, indicate the transition from a bacterial to eukaryotic dominated ecosystem after the Marinoan deglaciation. Nutrient levels already increased during the Cryogenian and were a prerequisite, but not the ultimate driver for the algal rise. Intense predatory pressure by bacterivorous protists may have irrevocably cleared self-sustaining cyanobacterial ecosystems, thereby creating the ecological opportunity that allowed for the persistent rise of eukaryotic algae to global importance. More... »

PAGES

476

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-019-08306-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-08306-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111762373

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30696819


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441 schema:name Department of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80.021, 3508 TA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
442 Department of Marine Microbiology and Biogeochemistry, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ) and Utrecht University, PO Box 59, 1790 AB, Den Burg, The Netherlands
443 rdf:type schema:Organization
444 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6289.5 schema:alternateName University of Western Brittany
445 schema:name Laboratoire Géosciences Océan, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, UMR 6538, Place Copernic, 29280, Plouzane, France
446 rdf:type schema:Organization
447 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7450.6 schema:alternateName University of Göttingen
448 schema:name Department of Geobiology, Geoscience Centre, University of Göttingen, Goldschmidt-Str. 3, 37077, Göttingen, Germany
449 Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Am Fassberg 11, 37077, Göttingen, Germany
450 rdf:type schema:Organization
451 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7704.4 schema:alternateName University of Bremen
452 schema:name MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Leobener Str. 8, 28359, Bremen, Germany
453 Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans-Knoell-Str. 10, 07745, Jena, Germany
454 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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