Lignin-polysaccharide interactions in plant secondary cell walls revealed by solid-state NMR View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-01-21

AUTHORS

Xue Kang, Alex Kirui, Malitha C. Dickwella Widanage, Frederic Mentink-Vigier, Daniel J. Cosgrove, Tuo Wang

ABSTRACT

Lignin is a complex aromatic biopolymer that strengthens and waterproofs plant secondary cell walls, enabling mechanical stability in trees and long-distance water transport in xylem. Lignin removal is a key step in paper production and biomass conversion to biofuels, motivating efforts to re-engineer lignin biosynthesis. However, the physical nature of lignin's interactions with wall polysaccharides is not well understood. Here we show that lignin self-aggregates to form highly hydrophobic and dynamically unique nanodomains, with extensive surface contacts to xylan. Solid-state NMR spectroscopy of intact maize stems, supported by dynamic nuclear polarization, reveals that lignin has abundant electrostatic interactions with the polar motifs of xylan. Lignin preferentially binds xylans with 3-fold or distorted 2-fold helical screw conformations, indicative of xylans not closely associated with cellulose. These findings advance our knowledge of the molecular-level organization of lignocellulosic biomass, providing the structural foundation for optimization of post-harvest processing for biofuels and biomaterials. More... »

PAGES

347

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-018-08252-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-08252-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111569584

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30664653


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