Prefrontal mechanisms combining rewards and beliefs in human decision-making View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Marion Rouault, Jan Drugowitsch, Etienne Koechlin

ABSTRACT

In uncertain and changing environments, optimal decision-making requires integrating reward expectations with probabilistic beliefs about reward contingencies. Little is known, however, about how the prefrontal cortex (PFC), which subserves decision-making, combines these quantities. Here, using computational modelling and neuroimaging, we show that the ventromedial PFC encodes both reward expectations and proper beliefs about reward contingencies, while the dorsomedial PFC combines these quantities and guides choices that are at variance with those predicted by optimal decision theory: instead of integrating reward expectations with beliefs, the dorsomedial PFC built context-dependent reward expectations commensurable to beliefs and used these quantities as two concurrent appetitive components, driving choices. This neural mechanism accounts for well-known risk aversion effects in human decision-making. The results reveal that the irrationality of human choices commonly theorized as deriving from optimal computations over false beliefs, actually stems from suboptimal neural heuristics over rational beliefs about reward contingencies. More... »

PAGES

301

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-018-08121-w

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-08121-w

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111375463

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30655534


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