Oil palm expansion and deforestation in Southwest Cameroon associated with proliferation of informal mills View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-01-10

AUTHORS

Elsa M. Ordway, Rosamond L. Naylor, Raymond N. Nkongho, Eric F. Lambin

ABSTRACT

Oil palm expansion resulted in 2 million hectares (Mha) of forest loss globally in 2000-2010. Despite accounting for 24% (4.5 Mha) of the world's total oil palm cultivated area, expansion dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa have been overlooked. We show that in Southwest Cameroon, a top producing region of Africa, 67% of oil palm expansion from 2000-2015 occurred at the expense of forest. Contrary to the publicized narrative of industrial-scale expansion, most oil palm expansion and associated deforestation is occurring outside large agro-industrial concessions. Expansion and deforestation carried out by non-industrial producers is occurring near low-efficiency informal mills, unconstrained by the location of high-efficiency company-owned mills. These results highlight the key role of a booming informal economic sector in driving rapid land use change. High per capita consumption and rising palm oil demands in sub-Saharan Africa spotlight the need to consider informal economies when identifying regionally relevant sustainability pathways. More... »

PAGES

114

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111164759

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30631076


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/14", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1402", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Applied Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 United States", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.38142.3c", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305 United States", 
            "Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 United States"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ordway", 
        "givenName": "Elsa M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016473555225.24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016473555225.24"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, 616 Serra Street C100, Stanford, CA 94305 United States", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.168010.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305 United States", 
            "Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305 United States", 
            "Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, 616 Serra Street C100, Stanford, CA 94305 United States"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Naylor", 
        "givenName": "Rosamond L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0645253640.52", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0645253640.52"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Agronomic and Applied Molecular Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29273.3d", 
          "name": [
            "Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, 616 Serra Street C100, Stanford, CA 94305 United States", 
            "Department of Agronomic and Applied Molecular Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nkongho", 
        "givenName": "Raymond N.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015503616573.54", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015503616573.54"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Georges Lema\u00eetre Earth and Climate Research Centre, Earth & Life Institute, Universit\u00e9 catholique de Louvain, Place L. Pasteur 3, Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348 Belgium", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7942.8", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305 United States", 
            "Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305 United States", 
            "Georges Lema\u00eetre Earth and Climate Research Centre, Earth & Life Institute, Universit\u00e9 catholique de Louvain, Place L. Pasteur 3, Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348 Belgium"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lambin", 
        "givenName": "Eric F.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015026414100.91", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015026414100.91"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sdata.2015.66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007951989", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2015.66"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10531-014-0687-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009255267", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-014-0687-5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-01-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-01-10", 
    "description": "Oil palm expansion resulted in 2 million hectares (Mha) of forest loss globally in 2000-2010. Despite accounting for 24% (4.5 Mha) of the world's total oil palm cultivated area, expansion dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa have been overlooked. We show that in Southwest Cameroon, a top producing region of Africa, 67% of oil palm expansion from 2000-2015 occurred at the expense of forest. Contrary to the publicized narrative of industrial-scale expansion, most oil palm expansion and associated deforestation is occurring outside large agro-industrial concessions. Expansion and deforestation carried out by non-industrial producers is occurring near low-efficiency informal mills, unconstrained by the location of high-efficiency company-owned mills. These results highlight the key role of a booming informal economic sector in driving rapid land use change. High per capita consumption and rising palm oil demands in sub-Saharan Africa spotlight the need to consider informal economies when identifying regionally relevant sustainability pathways.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1043282", 
        "issn": [
          "2041-1723"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature Communications", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "10"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "oil palm expansion", 
      "palm expansion", 
      "informal economic sector", 
      "informal economy", 
      "sustainability pathways", 
      "Saharan Africa", 
      "Southwest Cameroon", 
      "economic sectors", 
      "rapid land use change", 
      "regions of Africa", 
      "Africa", 
      "capita consumption", 
      "expense of forests", 
      "deforestation", 
      "concessions", 
      "land use change", 
      "economy", 
      "forest loss", 
      "Cameroon", 
      "narratives", 
      "sector", 
      "use change", 
      "oil palm", 
      "expansion", 
      "oil demand", 
      "producers", 
      "palm oil demand", 
      "need", 
      "expense", 
      "key role", 
      "demand", 
      "dynamics", 
      "role", 
      "area", 
      "mill", 
      "changes", 
      "region", 
      "consumption", 
      "hectare", 
      "industrial-scale expansion", 
      "forest", 
      "location", 
      "expansion dynamics", 
      "palm", 
      "results", 
      "loss", 
      "pathway", 
      "proliferation", 
      "world's total oil palm", 
      "'s total oil palm", 
      "most oil palm expansion", 
      "large agro-industrial concessions", 
      "agro-industrial concessions", 
      "non-industrial producers", 
      "low-efficiency informal mills", 
      "informal mills", 
      "high-efficiency company-owned mills", 
      "company-owned mills", 
      "booming informal economic sector", 
      "relevant sustainability pathways"
    ], 
    "name": "Oil palm expansion and deforestation in Southwest Cameroon associated with proliferation of informal mills", 
    "pagination": "114", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1111164759"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30631076"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111164759"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:53", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_828.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

165 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      88 URIs      78 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2 schema:about anzsrc-for:14
2 anzsrc-for:1402
3 schema:author Nc87f7cb28b344e80b36ca174f053ffa7
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10531-014-0687-5
5 sg:pub.10.1038/sdata.2015.66
6 schema:datePublished 2019-01-10
7 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-01-10
8 schema:description Oil palm expansion resulted in 2 million hectares (Mha) of forest loss globally in 2000-2010. Despite accounting for 24% (4.5 Mha) of the world's total oil palm cultivated area, expansion dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa have been overlooked. We show that in Southwest Cameroon, a top producing region of Africa, 67% of oil palm expansion from 2000-2015 occurred at the expense of forest. Contrary to the publicized narrative of industrial-scale expansion, most oil palm expansion and associated deforestation is occurring outside large agro-industrial concessions. Expansion and deforestation carried out by non-industrial producers is occurring near low-efficiency informal mills, unconstrained by the location of high-efficiency company-owned mills. These results highlight the key role of a booming informal economic sector in driving rapid land use change. High per capita consumption and rising palm oil demands in sub-Saharan Africa spotlight the need to consider informal economies when identifying regionally relevant sustainability pathways.
9 schema:genre article
10 schema:inLanguage en
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
12 schema:isPartOf N5c558c14b99f492298fd36bf1ee31290
13 N8a1dc16b58d14c81aa0ad64d6624375c
14 sg:journal.1043282
15 schema:keywords 's total oil palm
16 Africa
17 Cameroon
18 Saharan Africa
19 Southwest Cameroon
20 agro-industrial concessions
21 area
22 booming informal economic sector
23 capita consumption
24 changes
25 company-owned mills
26 concessions
27 consumption
28 deforestation
29 demand
30 dynamics
31 economic sectors
32 economy
33 expansion
34 expansion dynamics
35 expense
36 expense of forests
37 forest
38 forest loss
39 hectare
40 high-efficiency company-owned mills
41 industrial-scale expansion
42 informal economic sector
43 informal economy
44 informal mills
45 key role
46 land use change
47 large agro-industrial concessions
48 location
49 loss
50 low-efficiency informal mills
51 mill
52 most oil palm expansion
53 narratives
54 need
55 non-industrial producers
56 oil demand
57 oil palm
58 oil palm expansion
59 palm
60 palm expansion
61 palm oil demand
62 pathway
63 producers
64 proliferation
65 rapid land use change
66 region
67 regions of Africa
68 relevant sustainability pathways
69 results
70 role
71 sector
72 sustainability pathways
73 use change
74 world's total oil palm
75 schema:name Oil palm expansion and deforestation in Southwest Cameroon associated with proliferation of informal mills
76 schema:pagination 114
77 schema:productId N01c18ae51f894a6ea68c0a6b14457a15
78 N214c2ff1110d463e9152fceb611ada70
79 Nf52fdcf80b0c48558be94a43376811fb
80 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111164759
81 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2
82 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:53
83 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
84 schema:sdPublisher N323b0e87d9014f5d895b8da03f2f5441
85 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2
86 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
87 sgo:sdDataset articles
88 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
89 N01c18ae51f894a6ea68c0a6b14457a15 schema:name doi
90 schema:value 10.1038/s41467-018-07915-2
91 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
92 N214c2ff1110d463e9152fceb611ada70 schema:name dimensions_id
93 schema:value pub.1111164759
94 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
95 N323b0e87d9014f5d895b8da03f2f5441 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
96 rdf:type schema:Organization
97 N5c558c14b99f492298fd36bf1ee31290 schema:volumeNumber 10
98 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
99 N75afe6d979534ff7bcaf7a918ece60db rdf:first sg:person.0645253640.52
100 rdf:rest Nf65067f0f9944bf287ade6ff224dfa25
101 N8a1dc16b58d14c81aa0ad64d6624375c schema:issueNumber 1
102 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
103 Nc87f7cb28b344e80b36ca174f053ffa7 rdf:first sg:person.016473555225.24
104 rdf:rest N75afe6d979534ff7bcaf7a918ece60db
105 Nf4959b2117f64767b9dc473a772ce114 rdf:first sg:person.015026414100.91
106 rdf:rest rdf:nil
107 Nf52fdcf80b0c48558be94a43376811fb schema:name pubmed_id
108 schema:value 30631076
109 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
110 Nf65067f0f9944bf287ade6ff224dfa25 rdf:first sg:person.015503616573.54
111 rdf:rest Nf4959b2117f64767b9dc473a772ce114
112 anzsrc-for:14 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
113 schema:name Economics
114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
115 anzsrc-for:1402 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
116 schema:name Applied Economics
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 sg:journal.1043282 schema:issn 2041-1723
119 schema:name Nature Communications
120 schema:publisher Springer Nature
121 rdf:type schema:Periodical
122 sg:person.015026414100.91 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.7942.8
123 schema:familyName Lambin
124 schema:givenName Eric F.
125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015026414100.91
126 rdf:type schema:Person
127 sg:person.015503616573.54 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.29273.3d
128 schema:familyName Nkongho
129 schema:givenName Raymond N.
130 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015503616573.54
131 rdf:type schema:Person
132 sg:person.016473555225.24 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.38142.3c
133 schema:familyName Ordway
134 schema:givenName Elsa M.
135 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016473555225.24
136 rdf:type schema:Person
137 sg:person.0645253640.52 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.168010.e
138 schema:familyName Naylor
139 schema:givenName Rosamond L.
140 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0645253640.52
141 rdf:type schema:Person
142 sg:pub.10.1007/s10531-014-0687-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009255267
143 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-014-0687-5
144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
145 sg:pub.10.1038/sdata.2015.66 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007951989
146 https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2015.66
147 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
148 grid-institutes:grid.168010.e schema:alternateName Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, 616 Serra Street C100, Stanford, CA 94305 United States
149 schema:name Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, 616 Serra Street C100, Stanford, CA 94305 United States
150 Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305 United States
151 Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305 United States
152 rdf:type schema:Organization
153 grid-institutes:grid.29273.3d schema:alternateName Department of Agronomic and Applied Molecular Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
154 schema:name Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University, 616 Serra Street C100, Stanford, CA 94305 United States
155 Department of Agronomic and Applied Molecular Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
156 rdf:type schema:Organization
157 grid-institutes:grid.38142.3c schema:alternateName Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 United States
158 schema:name Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305 United States
159 Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 United States
160 rdf:type schema:Organization
161 grid-institutes:grid.7942.8 schema:alternateName Georges Lemaître Earth and Climate Research Centre, Earth & Life Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, Place L. Pasteur 3, Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348 Belgium
162 schema:name Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305 United States
163 Georges Lemaître Earth and Climate Research Centre, Earth & Life Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, Place L. Pasteur 3, Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348 Belgium
164 Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305 United States
165 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...