Probing warm dense matter using femtosecond X-ray absorption spectroscopy with a laser-produced betatron source View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

B. Mahieu, N. Jourdain, K. Ta Phuoc, F. Dorchies, J.-P. Goddet, A. Lifschitz, P. Renaudin, L. Lecherbourg

ABSTRACT

Exploring and understanding ultrafast processes at the atomic level is a scientific challenge. Femtosecond X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) arises as an essential experimental probing method, as it can simultaneously reveal both electronic and atomic structures, and thus potentially unravel their nonequilibrium dynamic interplay which is at the origin of most of the ultrafast mechanisms. However, despite considerable efforts, there is still no femtosecond X-ray source suitable for routine experiments. Here we show that betatron radiation from relativistic laser-plasma interaction combines ideal features for femtosecond XAS. It has been used to investigate the nonequilibrium dynamics of a copper sample brought at extreme conditions of temperature and pressure by a femtosecond laser pulse. We measured a rise-time of the electron temperature below 100 fs. This experiment demonstrates the great potential of the table-top betatron source which makes possible the investigation of unexplored ultrafast processes in manifold fields of research. More... »

PAGES

3276

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-018-05791-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05791-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106100333

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30115918


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