Nonlinear optical components for all-optical probabilistic graphical model View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Masoud Babaeian, Pierre-A. Blanche, Robert A. Norwood, Tommi Kaplas, Patrick Keiffer, Yuri Svirko, Taylor G. Allen, Vincent W. Chen, San-Hui Chi, Joseph W. Perry, Seth R. Marder, Mark A. Neifeld, N. Peyghambarian

ABSTRACT

The probabilistic graphical models (PGMs) are tools that are used to compute probability distributions over large and complex interacting variables. They have applications in social networks, speech recognition, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and many more areas. Here, we present an all-optical implementation of a PGM through the sum-product message passing algorithm (SPMPA) governed by a wavelength multiplexing architecture. As a proof-of-concept, we demonstrate the use of optics to solve a two node graphical model governed by SPMPA and successfully map the message passing algorithm onto photonics operations. The essential mathematical functions required for this algorithm, including multiplication and division, are implemented using nonlinear optics in thin film materials. The multiplication and division are demonstrated through a logarithm-summation-exponentiation operation and a pump-probe saturation process, respectively. The fundamental bottlenecks for the scalability of the presented scheme are discussed as well. More... »

PAGES

2128

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-018-04578-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-04578-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104200811

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29844343


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