Reconfigurable engineered motile semiconductor microparticles View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Ugonna Ohiri, C. Wyatt Shields, Koohee Han, Talmage Tyler, Orlin D. Velev, Nan Jokerst

ABSTRACT

Locally energized particles form the basis for emerging classes of active matter. The design of active particles has led to their controlled locomotion and assembly. The next generation of particles should demonstrate robust control over their active assembly, disassembly, and reconfiguration. Here we introduce a class of semiconductor microparticles that can be comprehensively designed (in size, shape, electric polarizability, and patterned coatings) using standard microfabrication tools. These custom silicon particles draw energy from external electric fields to actively propel, while interacting hydrodynamically, and sequentially assemble and disassemble on demand. We show that a number of electrokinetic effects, such as dielectrophoresis, induced charge electrophoresis, and diode propulsion, can selectively power the microparticle motions and interactions. The ability to achieve on-demand locomotion, tractable fluid flows, synchronized motility, and reversible assembly using engineered silicon microparticles may enable advanced applications that include remotely powered microsensors, artificial muscles, reconfigurable neural networks and computational systems. More... »

PAGES

1791

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-018-04183-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-04183-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103702813

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29725005


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279 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.40803.3f schema:alternateName North Carolina State University
280 schema:name Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North Carolina State University, 27695, Raleigh, NC, USA
281 NSF Research Triangle Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC), 27708, Durham, NC, USA
282 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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