Multiplexed computations in retinal ganglion cells of a single type View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12-06

AUTHORS

Stéphane Deny, Ulisse Ferrari, Emilie Macé, Pierre Yger, Romain Caplette, Serge Picaud, Gašper Tkačik, Olivier Marre

ABSTRACT

In the early visual system, cells of the same type perform the same computation in different places of the visual field. How these cells code together a complex visual scene is unclear. A common assumption is that cells of a single-type extract a single-stimulus feature to form a feature map, but this has rarely been observed directly. Using large-scale recordings in the rat retina, we show that a homogeneous population of fast OFF ganglion cells simultaneously encodes two radically different features of a visual scene. Cells close to a moving object code quasilinearly for its position, while distant cells remain largely invariant to the object's position and, instead, respond nonlinearly to changes in the object's speed. We develop a quantitative model that accounts for this effect and identify a disinhibitory circuit that mediates it. Ganglion cells of a single type thus do not code for one, but two features simultaneously. This richer, flexible neural map might also be present in other sensory systems. More... »

PAGES

1964

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-017-02159-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02159-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093128461

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29213097


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