Widely tunable black phosphorus mid-infrared photodetector View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Xiaolong Chen, Xiaobo Lu, Bingchen Deng, Ofer Sinai, Yuchuan Shao, Cheng Li, Shaofan Yuan, Vy Tran, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Doron Naveh, Li Yang, Fengnian Xia

ABSTRACT

Lately rediscovered orthorhombic black phosphorus (BP) exhibits promising properties for near- and mid-infrared optoelectronics. Although recent electrical measurements indicate that a vertical electric field can effectively reduce its transport bandgap, the impact of the electric field on light-matter interaction remains unclear. Here we show that a vertical electric field can dynamically extend the photoresponse in a 5 nm-thick BP photodetector from 3.7 to beyond 7.7 μm, leveraging the Stark effect. We further demonstrate that such a widely tunable BP photodetector exhibits a peak extrinsic photo-responsivity of 518, 30, and 2.2 mA W-1 at 3.4, 5, and 7.7 μm, respectively, at 77 K. Furthermore, the extracted photo-carrier lifetime indicates a potential operational speed of 1.3 GHz. Our work not only demonstrates the potential of BP as an alternative mid-infrared material with broad optical tunability but also may enable the compact, integrated on-chip high-speed mid-infrared photodetectors, modulators, and spectrometers. More... »

PAGES

1672

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-017-01978-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-01978-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092730325

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29162821


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