Tree height strongly affects estimates of water-use efficiency responses to climate and CO2 using isotopes View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-08-18

AUTHORS

R. J. W. Brienen, E. Gloor, S. Clerici, R. Newton, L. Arppe, A. Boom, S. Bottrell, M. Callaghan, T. Heaton, S. Helama, G. Helle, M. J. Leng, K. Mielikäinen, M. Oinonen, M. Timonen

ABSTRACT

Various studies report substantial increases in intrinsic water-use efficiency (W i ), estimated using carbon isotopes in tree rings, suggesting trees are gaining increasingly more carbon per unit water lost due to increases in atmospheric CO2. Usually, reconstructions do not, however, correct for the effect of intrinsic developmental changes in W i as trees grow larger. Here we show, by comparing W i across varying tree sizes at one CO2 level, that ignoring such developmental effects can severely affect inferences of trees' W i . W i doubled or even tripled over a trees' lifespan in three broadleaf species due to changes in tree height and light availability alone, and there are also weak trends for Pine trees. Developmental trends in broadleaf species are as large as the trends previously assigned to CO2 and climate. Credible future tree ring isotope studies require explicit accounting for species-specific developmental effects before CO2 and climate effects are inferred.Intrinsic water-use efficiency (W i ) reconstructions using tree rings often disregard developmental changes in W i as trees age. Here, the authors compare W i across varying tree sizes at a fixed CO2 level and show that ignoring developmental changes impacts conclusions on trees' W i responses to CO2 or climate. More... »

PAGES

288

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41467-017-00225-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00225-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091148235

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28819277


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