Divergence of three BRX homoeologs in Brassica rapa and its effect on leaf morphology View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-04-01

AUTHORS

Yuanyuan Zhang, Jianli Liang, Xu Cai, Haixu Chen, Jian Wu, Runmao Lin, Feng Cheng, Xiaowu Wang

ABSTRACT

The leafy head characteristic is a special phenotype of Chinese cabbage resulting from artificial selection during domestication and breeding. BREVIS RADIX (BRX) has been suggested to control root elongation, shoot growth, and tiller angle in Arabidopsis and rice. In Brassica rapa, three BrBRX homoeologs have been identified, but only BrBRX.1 and BrBRX.2 were found to be under selection in leaf-heading accessions, indicating their functional diversification in leafy head formation. Here, we show that these three BrBRX genes belong to a plant-specific BRX gene family but that they have significantly diverged from other BRX-like members on the basis of different phylogenetic classifications, motif compositions and expression patterns. Moreover, although the expression of these three BrBRX genes differed, compared with BrBRX.3, BrBRX.1, and BrBRX.2 displayed similar expression patterns. Arabidopsis mutant complementation studies showed that only BrBRX.1 could rescue the brx root phenotype, whereas BrBRX.2 and BrBRX.3 could not. However, overexpression of each of the three BrBRX genes in Arabidopsis resulted in similar pleiotropic leaf phenotypes, including epinastic leaf morphology, with an increase in leaf number and leaf petiole length and a reduction in leaf angle. These leaf traits are associated with leafy head formation. Further testing of a SNP (T/C) in BrBRX.2 confirmed that this allele in the heading accessions was strongly associated with the leaf-heading trait of B. rapa. Our results revealed that all three BrBRX genes may be involved in the leaf-heading trait, but they may have functionally diverged on the basis of their differential expression. More... »

PAGES

68

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2006-09. BRX mediates feedback between brassinosteroid levels and auxin signalling in root growth in NATURE
  • 2011-10-13. BRAD, the genetics and genomics database for Brassica plants in BMC PLANT BIOLOGY
  • 1995-03. Transgene-mediated auxin overproduction in Arabidopsis: hypocotyl elongation phenotype and interactions with the hy6-1 hypocotyl elongation and axr1 auxin-resistant mutants in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2014-05-23. The Brassica oleracea genome reveals the asymmetrical evolution of polyploid genomes in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2003-03. Unravelling angiosperm genome evolution by phylogenetic analysis of chromosomal duplication events in NATURE
  • 2000-06. Leafy head formation of the progenies of transgenic plants of Chinese cabbage with exogenous auxin genes in CELL RESEARCH
  • 2016-08-15. Subgenome parallel selection is associated with morphotype diversification and convergent crop domestication in Brassica rapa and Brassica oleracea in NATURE GENETICS
  • 2006-02-20. Nonrandom divergence of gene expression following gene and genome duplications in the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana in GENOME BIOLOGY
  • 2011-08-28. The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa in NATURE GENETICS
  • 2016-10-31. The Cardamine hirsuta genome offers insight into the evolution of morphological diversity in NATURE PLANTS
  • 2016-09-05. The genome sequence of allopolyploid Brassica juncea and analysis of differential homoeolog gene expression influencing selection in NATURE GENETICS
  • 2019-12-01. Genome-wide transcriptome analysis reveals molecular pathways involved in leafy head formation of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa) in HORTICULTURE RESEARCH
  • 2000-06. Cloning and structural and expressional characterization of BcpLH gene preferentially expressed in folding leaf of Chinese cabbage in SCIENCE CHINA LIFE SCIENCES
  • 2014-05-21. Genome triplication drove the diversification of Brassica plants in HORTICULTURE RESEARCH
  • 2018-06-06. A molecular rheostat adjusts auxin flux to promote root protophloem differentiation in NATURE
  • 2013-10-07. Comprehensive analysis of RNA-seq data reveals the complexity of the transcriptome in Brassica rapa in BMC GENOMICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136821477

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33790228


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Genetics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Plant Biology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464357.7", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhang", 
            "givenName": "Yuanyuan", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464357.7", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Liang", 
            "givenName": "Jianli", 
            "id": "sg:person.01144553733.83", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01144553733.83"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464357.7", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Cai", 
            "givenName": "Xu", 
            "id": "sg:person.011160644607.85", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011160644607.85"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464357.7", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chen", 
            "givenName": "Haixu", 
            "id": "sg:person.014535452473.18", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014535452473.18"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464357.7", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wu", 
            "givenName": "Jian", 
            "id": "sg:person.01076440533.87", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01076440533.87"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464357.7", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lin", 
            "givenName": "Runmao", 
            "id": "sg:person.01243562522.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01243562522.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464357.7", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Cheng", 
            "givenName": "Feng", 
            "id": "sg:person.01334414011.76", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01334414011.76"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464357.7", 
              "name": [
                "Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wang", 
            "givenName": "Xiaowu", 
            "id": "sg:person.01111134275.07", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01111134275.07"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00020881", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015646729", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00020881"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nplants.2016.167", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047977452", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nplants.2016.167"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sj.cr.7290044", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037009682", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.cr.7290044"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ng.3634", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050487125", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3634"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2229-11-136", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034730621", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-11-136"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41438-019-0212-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123043071", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41438-019-0212-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02879292", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053445877", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02879292"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/hortres.2014.24", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007647459", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/hortres.2014.24"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms4930", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005748112", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4930"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ng.919", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035519342", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.919"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2006-7-2-r13", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030736483", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2006-7-2-r13"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2164-14-689", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049846550", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-14-689"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature01521", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024627077", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01521"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-018-0186-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104381207", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0186-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ng.3657", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053001947", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3657"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05130", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028214608", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05130"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2021-04-01", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2021-04-01", 
        "description": "The leafy head characteristic is a special phenotype of Chinese cabbage resulting from artificial selection during domestication and breeding. BREVIS RADIX (BRX) has been suggested to control root elongation, shoot growth, and tiller angle in Arabidopsis and rice. In Brassica rapa, three BrBRX homoeologs have been identified, but only BrBRX.1 and BrBRX.2 were found to be under selection in leaf-heading accessions, indicating their functional diversification in leafy head formation. Here, we show that these three BrBRX genes belong to a plant-specific BRX gene family but that they have significantly diverged from other BRX-like members on the basis of different phylogenetic classifications, motif compositions and expression patterns. Moreover, although the expression of these three BrBRX genes differed, compared with BrBRX.3, BrBRX.1, and BrBRX.2 displayed similar expression patterns. Arabidopsis mutant complementation studies showed that only BrBRX.1 could rescue the brx root phenotype, whereas BrBRX.2 and BrBRX.3 could not. However, overexpression of each of the three BrBRX genes in Arabidopsis resulted in similar pleiotropic leaf phenotypes, including epinastic leaf morphology, with an increase in leaf number and leaf petiole length and a reduction in leaf angle. These leaf traits are associated with leafy head formation. Further testing of a SNP (T/C) in BrBRX.2 confirmed that this allele in the heading accessions was strongly associated with the leaf-heading trait of B. rapa. Our results revealed that all three BrBRX genes may be involved in the leaf-heading trait, but they may have functionally diverged on the basis of their differential expression.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.8194602", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1051681", 
            "issn": [
              "2662-6810", 
              "2052-7276"
            ], 
            "name": "Horticulture Research", 
            "publisher": "Oxford University Press (OUP)", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "8"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "leafy head formation", 
          "BREVIS RADIX", 
          "leaf morphology", 
          "Brassica rapa", 
          "expression patterns", 
          "mutant complementation studies", 
          "head formation", 
          "leaf petiole length", 
          "similar expression patterns", 
          "leaf phenotype", 
          "tiller angle", 
          "motif composition", 
          "leaf traits", 
          "functional diversification", 
          "root phenotype", 
          "gene family", 
          "B. rapa", 
          "artificial selection", 
          "complementation studies", 
          "phylogenetic classification", 
          "leaf angle", 
          "petiole length", 
          "leaf number", 
          "root elongation", 
          "shoot growth", 
          "differential expression", 
          "rapa", 
          "genes", 
          "homoeologs", 
          "Arabidopsis", 
          "Chinese cabbage", 
          "traits", 
          "phenotype", 
          "accessions", 
          "special phenotype", 
          "expression", 
          "domestication", 
          "breeding", 
          "SNPs", 
          "overexpression", 
          "diversification", 
          "rice", 
          "alleles", 
          "divergence", 
          "selection", 
          "cabbage", 
          "family", 
          "patterns", 
          "elongation", 
          "formation", 
          "morphology", 
          "growth", 
          "members", 
          "basis", 
          "composition", 
          "further testing", 
          "length", 
          "number", 
          "head characteristics", 
          "increase", 
          "study", 
          "effect", 
          "results", 
          "Radix", 
          "reduction", 
          "characteristics", 
          "classification", 
          "testing", 
          "angle"
        ], 
        "name": "Divergence of three BRX homoeologs in Brassica rapa and its effect on leaf morphology", 
        "pagination": "68", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1136821477"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "33790228"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136821477"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:42", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_881.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    248 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      111 URIs      86 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
    2 anzsrc-for:0604
    3 anzsrc-for:0607
    4 schema:author N10b14598819b4aa3930cde2a090f5980
    5 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00020881
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02879292
    7 sg:pub.10.1038/hortres.2014.24
    8 sg:pub.10.1038/nature01521
    9 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05130
    10 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms4930
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/ng.3634
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/ng.3657
    13 sg:pub.10.1038/ng.919
    14 sg:pub.10.1038/nplants.2016.167
    15 sg:pub.10.1038/s41438-019-0212-9
    16 sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-018-0186-z
    17 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.cr.7290044
    18 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2164-14-689
    19 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2229-11-136
    20 sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2006-7-2-r13
    21 schema:datePublished 2021-04-01
    22 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-04-01
    23 schema:description The leafy head characteristic is a special phenotype of Chinese cabbage resulting from artificial selection during domestication and breeding. BREVIS RADIX (BRX) has been suggested to control root elongation, shoot growth, and tiller angle in Arabidopsis and rice. In Brassica rapa, three BrBRX homoeologs have been identified, but only BrBRX.1 and BrBRX.2 were found to be under selection in leaf-heading accessions, indicating their functional diversification in leafy head formation. Here, we show that these three BrBRX genes belong to a plant-specific BRX gene family but that they have significantly diverged from other BRX-like members on the basis of different phylogenetic classifications, motif compositions and expression patterns. Moreover, although the expression of these three BrBRX genes differed, compared with BrBRX.3, BrBRX.1, and BrBRX.2 displayed similar expression patterns. Arabidopsis mutant complementation studies showed that only BrBRX.1 could rescue the brx root phenotype, whereas BrBRX.2 and BrBRX.3 could not. However, overexpression of each of the three BrBRX genes in Arabidopsis resulted in similar pleiotropic leaf phenotypes, including epinastic leaf morphology, with an increase in leaf number and leaf petiole length and a reduction in leaf angle. These leaf traits are associated with leafy head formation. Further testing of a SNP (T/C) in BrBRX.2 confirmed that this allele in the heading accessions was strongly associated with the leaf-heading trait of B. rapa. Our results revealed that all three BrBRX genes may be involved in the leaf-heading trait, but they may have functionally diverged on the basis of their differential expression.
    24 schema:genre article
    25 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    26 schema:isPartOf Nc9d2ff91538543d280fcf41a3fcc6c5e
    27 Ncc415d9225dc4ae78c215863c5b07488
    28 sg:journal.1051681
    29 schema:keywords Arabidopsis
    30 B. rapa
    31 BREVIS RADIX
    32 Brassica rapa
    33 Chinese cabbage
    34 Radix
    35 SNPs
    36 accessions
    37 alleles
    38 angle
    39 artificial selection
    40 basis
    41 breeding
    42 cabbage
    43 characteristics
    44 classification
    45 complementation studies
    46 composition
    47 differential expression
    48 divergence
    49 diversification
    50 domestication
    51 effect
    52 elongation
    53 expression
    54 expression patterns
    55 family
    56 formation
    57 functional diversification
    58 further testing
    59 gene family
    60 genes
    61 growth
    62 head characteristics
    63 head formation
    64 homoeologs
    65 increase
    66 leaf angle
    67 leaf morphology
    68 leaf number
    69 leaf petiole length
    70 leaf phenotype
    71 leaf traits
    72 leafy head formation
    73 length
    74 members
    75 morphology
    76 motif composition
    77 mutant complementation studies
    78 number
    79 overexpression
    80 patterns
    81 petiole length
    82 phenotype
    83 phylogenetic classification
    84 rapa
    85 reduction
    86 results
    87 rice
    88 root elongation
    89 root phenotype
    90 selection
    91 shoot growth
    92 similar expression patterns
    93 special phenotype
    94 study
    95 testing
    96 tiller angle
    97 traits
    98 schema:name Divergence of three BRX homoeologs in Brassica rapa and its effect on leaf morphology
    99 schema:pagination 68
    100 schema:productId N51c3f5e2c4144d3e8686244e106e83f4
    101 N78d193a6208d45dfbd58579c20742b0c
    102 Na70d3a0bb6464fd58e7ba2d115fd2f5a
    103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136821477
    104 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3
    105 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:42
    106 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    107 schema:sdPublisher N2a576b5df1054b2da922c9912b20dbd5
    108 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3
    109 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    110 sgo:sdDataset articles
    111 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    112 N10b14598819b4aa3930cde2a090f5980 rdf:first N17579c47b9e941c1aea7046f718aee79
    113 rdf:rest N95ceb8c46de0403baff11b7e1d17b85b
    114 N17579c47b9e941c1aea7046f718aee79 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464357.7
    115 schema:familyName Zhang
    116 schema:givenName Yuanyuan
    117 rdf:type schema:Person
    118 N2a10409689944d7ea1765ec77f0f41af rdf:first sg:person.011160644607.85
    119 rdf:rest Ncb24833a5b9c4f7a9340b8e1de5380c7
    120 N2a576b5df1054b2da922c9912b20dbd5 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    121 rdf:type schema:Organization
    122 N51c3f5e2c4144d3e8686244e106e83f4 schema:name doi
    123 schema:value 10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3
    124 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    125 N78d193a6208d45dfbd58579c20742b0c schema:name dimensions_id
    126 schema:value pub.1136821477
    127 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    128 N95ceb8c46de0403baff11b7e1d17b85b rdf:first sg:person.01144553733.83
    129 rdf:rest N2a10409689944d7ea1765ec77f0f41af
    130 Na3c6912fa96f4db985d497430a4de13e rdf:first sg:person.01334414011.76
    131 rdf:rest Ncd3b5ff2efa64ecea91a4a6c049baad6
    132 Na70d3a0bb6464fd58e7ba2d115fd2f5a schema:name pubmed_id
    133 schema:value 33790228
    134 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    135 Nac58790054a2407d90d8691815988595 rdf:first sg:person.01076440533.87
    136 rdf:rest Nb641b435d1af4cdc9a5472c703cd5194
    137 Nb641b435d1af4cdc9a5472c703cd5194 rdf:first sg:person.01243562522.29
    138 rdf:rest Na3c6912fa96f4db985d497430a4de13e
    139 Nc9d2ff91538543d280fcf41a3fcc6c5e schema:volumeNumber 8
    140 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    141 Ncb24833a5b9c4f7a9340b8e1de5380c7 rdf:first sg:person.014535452473.18
    142 rdf:rest Nac58790054a2407d90d8691815988595
    143 Ncc415d9225dc4ae78c215863c5b07488 schema:issueNumber 1
    144 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    145 Ncd3b5ff2efa64ecea91a4a6c049baad6 rdf:first sg:person.01111134275.07
    146 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    147 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    148 schema:name Biological Sciences
    149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    150 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    151 schema:name Genetics
    152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    153 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    154 schema:name Plant Biology
    155 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    156 sg:grant.8194602 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/s41438-021-00504-3
    157 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    158 sg:journal.1051681 schema:issn 2052-7276
    159 2662-6810
    160 schema:name Horticulture Research
    161 schema:publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
    162 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    163 sg:person.01076440533.87 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464357.7
    164 schema:familyName Wu
    165 schema:givenName Jian
    166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01076440533.87
    167 rdf:type schema:Person
    168 sg:person.01111134275.07 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464357.7
    169 schema:familyName Wang
    170 schema:givenName Xiaowu
    171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01111134275.07
    172 rdf:type schema:Person
    173 sg:person.011160644607.85 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464357.7
    174 schema:familyName Cai
    175 schema:givenName Xu
    176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011160644607.85
    177 rdf:type schema:Person
    178 sg:person.01144553733.83 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464357.7
    179 schema:familyName Liang
    180 schema:givenName Jianli
    181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01144553733.83
    182 rdf:type schema:Person
    183 sg:person.01243562522.29 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464357.7
    184 schema:familyName Lin
    185 schema:givenName Runmao
    186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01243562522.29
    187 rdf:type schema:Person
    188 sg:person.01334414011.76 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464357.7
    189 schema:familyName Cheng
    190 schema:givenName Feng
    191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01334414011.76
    192 rdf:type schema:Person
    193 sg:person.014535452473.18 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.464357.7
    194 schema:familyName Chen
    195 schema:givenName Haixu
    196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014535452473.18
    197 rdf:type schema:Person
    198 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00020881 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015646729
    199 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00020881
    200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    201 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02879292 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053445877
    202 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02879292
    203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    204 sg:pub.10.1038/hortres.2014.24 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007647459
    205 https://doi.org/10.1038/hortres.2014.24
    206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    207 sg:pub.10.1038/nature01521 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024627077
    208 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01521
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05130 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028214608
    211 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05130
    212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    213 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms4930 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005748112
    214 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4930
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 sg:pub.10.1038/ng.3634 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050487125
    217 https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3634
    218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    219 sg:pub.10.1038/ng.3657 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053001947
    220 https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3657
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 sg:pub.10.1038/ng.919 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035519342
    223 https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.919
    224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    225 sg:pub.10.1038/nplants.2016.167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047977452
    226 https://doi.org/10.1038/nplants.2016.167
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 sg:pub.10.1038/s41438-019-0212-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123043071
    229 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41438-019-0212-9
    230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    231 sg:pub.10.1038/s41586-018-0186-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104381207
    232 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0186-z
    233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    234 sg:pub.10.1038/sj.cr.7290044 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037009682
    235 https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.cr.7290044
    236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    237 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2164-14-689 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049846550
    238 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-14-689
    239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    240 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2229-11-136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034730621
    241 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2229-11-136
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2006-7-2-r13 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030736483
    244 https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2006-7-2-r13
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 grid-institutes:grid.464357.7 schema:alternateName Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China
    247 schema:name Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing, China
    248 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...