Mosaic Turner syndrome shows reduced penetrance in an adult population study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

Marcus A. Tuke, Katherine S. Ruth, Andrew R. Wood, Robin N. Beaumont, Jessica Tyrrell, Samuel E. Jones, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Claire L. S. Turner, Mollie E. Donohoe, Antonia M. Brooke, Morag N. Collinson, Rachel M. Freathy, Michael N. Weedon, Timothy M. Frayling, Anna Murray

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Many women with X chromosome aneuploidy undergo lifetime clinical monitoring for possible complications. However, ascertainment of cases in the clinic may mean that the penetrance has been overestimated. METHODS: We characterized the prevalence and phenotypic consequences of X chromosome aneuploidy in a population of 244,848 women over 40 years of age from UK Biobank, using single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array data. RESULTS: We detected 30 women with 45,X; 186 with mosaic 45,X/46,XX; and 110 with 47,XXX. The prevalence of nonmosaic 45,X (12/100,000) and 47,XXX (45/100,000) was lower than expected, but was higher for mosaic 45,X/46,XX (76/100,000). The characteristics of women with 45,X were consistent with the characteristics of a clinically recognized Turner syndrome phenotype, including short stature and primary amenorrhea. In contrast, women with mosaic 45,X/46,XX were less short, had a normal reproductive lifespan and birth rate, and no reported cardiovascular complications. The phenotype of women with 47,XXX included taller stature (5.3 cm; SD = 5.52 cm; P = 5.8 × 10-20) and earlier menopause age (5.12 years; SD = 5.1 years; P = 1.2 × 10-14). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the clinical management of women with 45,X/46,XX mosaicism should be minimal, particularly those identified incidentally. More... »

PAGES

877-886

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2010-03. Triple X syndrome: a review of the literature in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41436-018-0271-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41436-018-0271-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106545295

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30181606


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