De novo truncating variants in PHF21A cause intellectual disability and craniofacial anomalies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-11-28

AUTHORS

Kohei Hamanaka, Yuji Sugawara, Takeyoshi Shimoji, Tone Irene Nordtveit, Mitsuhiro Kato, Mitsuko Nakashima, Hirotomo Saitsu, Toshimitsu Suzuki, Kazuhiro Yamakawa, Ingvild Aukrust, Gunnar Houge, Satomi Mitsuhashi, Atsushi Takata, Kazuhiro Iwama, Ahmed Alkanaq, Atsushi Fujita, Eri Imagawa, Takeshi Mizuguchi, Noriko Miyake, Satoko Miyatake, Naomichi Matsumoto

ABSTRACT

Potocki–Shaffer syndrome (PSS) is a contiguous gene syndrome caused by 11p11.2 deletions. PSS is clinically characterized by intellectual disability, craniofacial anomalies, enlarged parietal foramina, and multiple exostoses. PSS occasionally shows autism spectrum disorder, epilepsy, and overgrowth. Some of the clinical features are thought to be associated with haploinsufficiency of two genes in the 11p11.2 region; variants affecting the function of ALX4 cause enlarged parietal foramina and EXT2 lead to multiple exostoses. However, the remaining clinical features were still yet to be linked to specific genetic alterations. In this study, we identified de novo truncating variants in an 11p11.2 gene, PHF21A, in three cases with intellectual disability and craniofacial anomalies. Among these three cases, autism spectrum disorder was recognized in one case, epilepsy in one case, and overgrowth in two cases. This study shows that PHF21A haploinsufficiency results in intellectual disability and craniofacial anomalies and possibly contributes to susceptibility to autism spectrum disorder, epilepsy, and overgrowth, all of which are PSS features. More... »

PAGES

378-383

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41431-018-0289-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41431-018-0289-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110257776

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30487643


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