Obesogenic eating behaviour and dietary intake in German children and adolescents: results from the GINIplus and LISA birth cohort studies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-04-01

AUTHORS

Anne Marb, Lars Libuda, Marie Standl, Sibylle Koletzko, Carl-Peter Bauer, Tamara Schikowski, Dietrich Berdel, Andrea von Berg, Gunda Herberth, Judith Bühlmeier, Carla P. Harris

ABSTRACT

Background/objectivesThe transition to adolescence is characterised by considerable behavioural changes, including diet. This study describes the level of obesogenic eating behaviours in 10- and 15-year-olds, and their association with dietary intake.Subjects/methodsParticipants of the 10- and 15-year follow-ups of the German GINIplus and LISA birth cohort studies were included (N10 = 2257; N15 = 1880). Eating behaviours and dietary intake were assessed via self-report questionnaires. Sex-stratified, cross-sectional associations of “external eating”, “emotional eating” and “dietary restraint” (the latter at age 15 years only) with dietary intake (17 food groups—categorised into tertiles, macronutrients, and total energy) were assessed using multinomial logistic or multiple linear regression as required, adjusting for covariates and correcting for multiple testing.ResultsReported levels of eating behaviours were low in both age-groups. External eating was higher in 10-year-old males than females, while all eating behaviours were most pronounced in 15-year-old females. At 10 years, emotional eating was associated with medium vegetable intake in females (Relative Risk Ratio (RRR) = 1.84, p = 0.0017). At 15 years, external eating was associated with total energy (kJ) in females (β = 718, p = 0.0002) and high butter intake in males (RRR = 1.96, p = 0.0019). Dietary restraint in females was inversely associated with total energy (β = −967, p < 0.0001) and omega-3 fatty acids (Means Ratio (MR) = 0.94, p = 0.0017), and positively associated with high fruit (RRR = 2.20, p = 0.0003) and whole grains (RRR = 1.94, p = 0.0013).ConclusionObesogenic eating behaviour scores are low among children and adolescents of a predominantly high socioeconomic status population and present only few associations with specific aspects of diet, mainly among adolescent females. More... »

PAGES

1478-1485

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41430-022-01125-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-022-01125-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1146800752

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35365765


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27 schema:description Background/objectivesThe transition to adolescence is characterised by considerable behavioural changes, including diet. This study describes the level of obesogenic eating behaviours in 10- and 15-year-olds, and their association with dietary intake.Subjects/methodsParticipants of the 10- and 15-year follow-ups of the German GINIplus and LISA birth cohort studies were included (N10 = 2257; N15 = 1880). Eating behaviours and dietary intake were assessed via self-report questionnaires. Sex-stratified, cross-sectional associations of “external eating”, “emotional eating” and “dietary restraint” (the latter at age 15 years only) with dietary intake (17 food groups—categorised into tertiles, macronutrients, and total energy) were assessed using multinomial logistic or multiple linear regression as required, adjusting for covariates and correcting for multiple testing.ResultsReported levels of eating behaviours were low in both age-groups. External eating was higher in 10-year-old males than females, while all eating behaviours were most pronounced in 15-year-old females. At 10 years, emotional eating was associated with medium vegetable intake in females (Relative Risk Ratio (RRR) = 1.84, p = 0.0017). At 15 years, external eating was associated with total energy (kJ) in females (β = 718, p = 0.0002) and high butter intake in males (RRR = 1.96, p = 0.0019). Dietary restraint in females was inversely associated with total energy (β = −967, p < 0.0001) and omega-3 fatty acids (Means Ratio (MR) = 0.94, p = 0.0017), and positively associated with high fruit (RRR = 2.20, p = 0.0003) and whole grains (RRR = 1.94, p = 0.0013).ConclusionObesogenic eating behaviour scores are low among children and adolescents of a predominantly high socioeconomic status population and present only few associations with specific aspects of diet, mainly among adolescent females.
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33 schema:keywords GINIplus
34 German GINIplus
35 German children
36 LISA birth cohort study
37 MethodsParticipants
38 acid
39 adolescence
40 adolescent females
41 adolescents
42 aspects
43 association
44 behavior
45 behavior scores
46 behavioral changes
47 birth cohort study
48 butter intake
49 changes
50 children
51 cohort study
52 considerable behavioural change
53 covariates
54 cross-sectional associations
55 diet
56 dietary intake
57 dietary restraint
58 eating
59 emotional eating
60 energy
61 external eating
62 fatty acids
63 females
64 fruit
65 grains
66 higher fruit
67 higher socioeconomic status populations
68 intake
69 levels
70 linear regression
71 males
72 multiple linear regression
73 multiple testing
74 population
75 questionnaire
76 regression
77 restraint
78 results
79 scores
80 self-report questionnaires
81 specific aspects
82 status population
83 study
84 testing
85 total energy
86 transition
87 vegetable intake
88 whole grains
89 years
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