VIRMA mediates preferential m6A mRNA methylation in 3′UTR and near stop codon and associates with alternative polyadenylation View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-02-27

AUTHORS

Yanan Yue, Jun Liu, Xiaolong Cui, Jie Cao, Guanzheng Luo, Zezhou Zhang, Tao Cheng, Minsong Gao, Xiao Shu, Honghui Ma, Fengqin Wang, Xinxia Wang, Bin Shen, Yizhen Wang, Xinhua Feng, Chuan He, Jianzhao Liu

ABSTRACT

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is enriched in 3′untranslated region (3′UTR) and near stop codon of mature polyadenylated mRNAs in mammalian systems and has regulatory roles in eukaryotic mRNA transcriptome switch. Significantly, the mechanism for this modification preference remains unknown, however. Herein we report a characterization of the full m6A methyltransferase complex in HeLa cells identifying METTL3/METTL14/WTAP/VIRMA/HAKAI/ZC3H13 as the key components, and we show that VIRMA mediates preferential mRNA methylation in 3′UTR and near stop codon. Biochemical studies reveal that VIRMA recruits the catalytic core components METTL3/METTL14/WTAP to guide region-selective methylations. Around 60% of VIRMA mRNA immunoprecipitation targets manifest strong m6A enrichment in 3′UTR. Depletions of VIRMA and METTL3 induce 3′UTR lengthening of several hundred mRNAs with over 50% targets in common. VIRMA associates with polyadenylation cleavage factors CPSF5 and CPSF6 in an RNA-dependent manner. Depletion of CPSF5 leads to significant shortening of 3′UTR of over 2800 mRNAs, 84% of which are modified with m6A and have increased m6A peak density in 3′UTR and near stop codon after CPSF5 knockdown. Together, our studies provide insights into m6A deposition specificity in 3′UTR and its correlation with alternative polyadenylation. More... »

PAGES

10

References to SciGraph publications

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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41421-018-0019-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41421-018-0019-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101201630

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29507755


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